10 Years XMM-Newton
         Starting the Mission

         Howard Nye
         20th January 2010




10 Years XMM-Newton ...
Mission Elements




                                                                                  Kourou

           ...
XMM Ground Segment



1. Ground Station Network & Communications
         – Perth, Kourou (near continuous coverage ca 50%...
XMM Ground Segment Team



                                                                  PROJECT
                     ...
XMM-Newton : Project Milestones



1. S/C Phase B Start : January 1995


2. S/C Phase C/D Start : 26th March 1996


3. Lau...
XMM-Newton : The Challenges



1. ESOC Responsible for MOC and SOC (mostly under FFP contract)
2. Full Packet TM & TC impl...
Launch Date History



                                                  XMM Launch Date History

         01-Jan-01


   ...
Mission Systems


                                              Mission Operations Centre
          G/S
                  ...
Control System Development


                                    95                    1996                    1997       ...
XMM-Newton : The Simulator



1. Off-site development under Firm Fixed Price contract by VEGA
   GmbH : SR phase performed...
XMM-Newton Operations




10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 11
XMM-Newton Operations Status 22nd
December 1999


1. Launch : 10th December 1999 @ 14:32
         – Ariane 504 launch very...
XMM-Newton Operations Status 22nd
December 1999


1. Satellite Status : Early Orbit Operations
         – All operations c...
XMM Self Portrait using VMC Camera
(Mother Earth added later …)




10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th Janu...
XMM-Newton : LEOP Activities

                                                 ACTIVITY                          TIME     ...
XMM-Newton : LEOP Activities

                                                 ACTIVITY                      TIME         ...
XMM-Newton : LEOP Activities

                                                 ACTIVITY                              TIME ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

XMM-Newton - 10 Years - Starting the Mission

1,057 views
949 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,057
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

XMM-Newton - 10 Years - Starting the Mission

  1. 1. 10 Years XMM-Newton Starting the Mission Howard Nye 20th January 2010 10 Years XMM-Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 1
  2. 2. Mission Elements Kourou Perth ESOC Mission Operations Centre Darmstadt Science Operations Centre Villafranca Science Survey Observers Leicester Centre 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 2
  3. 3. XMM Ground Segment 1. Ground Station Network & Communications – Perth, Kourou (near continuous coverage ca 50% each) – Vilspa (LEOP and Back-Up only) 2. Mission Operations Centre at ESOC – Mission operations planning and execution – Spacecraft and Instrument commanding, health & safety – Routing raw & auxiliary data to the SOC 3. Science Operations Centre at Vilspa – Science planning & relations with Science Community – Payload Monitoring, Quick-Look Analysis & Calibration – Creation & Management of the XMM Science Archive – Data despatch to & receipt from the SSC 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 3
  4. 4. XMM Ground Segment Team PROJECT MANAGER LAINE SPACECRAFT GROUND SEGMENT PROJECT TEAM LEADER MANAGER SCIENTIST BARRE NYE JANSEN PROJECT SECRETARY (p.t.) LILLIE PROJECT PROJECT CONTROLLER ASSURANCE (p.t.) BARYLAK SANTOS SPACECRAFT STATIONS FLIGHT DYNAMICS DATA SYSTEMS & FACILITIES SIMULATOR OPERATIONS MANAGER MANAGER COORDINATOR COORDINATOR TECHNICAL OFFICER HEGER DREGER PECCIA BECK COME 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 4
  5. 5. XMM-Newton : Project Milestones 1. S/C Phase B Start : January 1995 2. S/C Phase C/D Start : 26th March 1996 3. Launch Date : 10th December 1999 4. Instrument Commissioning : 4th January 2000 5. Calibration & Performance Verification Phase : 13 March 2000 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 5
  6. 6. XMM-Newton : The Challenges 1. ESOC Responsible for MOC and SOC (mostly under FFP contract) 2. Full Packet TM & TC implementation on board 3. Full upgrade of ESA ground stations (& remote operation) 4. Changing Baseline – Orbit 24hrs to 48hrs & North to South Orbit – Change from 1 station (Redu) to 2 stations (Kourou & Perth) – Mission Control System (SCOS II to SCOS 1) – Instrument deliverables & stability – SOC Revised Baseline & ¨River of Changes¨ 5. Launch date advanced from 9th Jan 2000 to 10 Dec 1999 6. Y2K Certification & ISO 9001 Certification of XMM Ground Segment 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 6
  7. 7. Launch Date History XMM Launch Date History 01-Jan-01 01-Jan-00 01-Jan-99 01-Jan-98 01-Jan-97 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 7
  8. 8. Mission Systems Mission Operations Centre G/S NCTRS MOCSIM SPEVAL XMCS OBSMS Perth FDS FOPTOOL • XMCS & XSCS : LCTF • Logica Consortium (London) • XMM Simulator : • Vega GmbH (Darmstadt) Kourou Science Operations Centre SOCSIM Mini-XMCS SPEVAL XSCS ISS Villafranca XMM specific TOS-GC development LEOP+Backup Generic TOS-GC development SAS FOPTOOL Other development 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 8
  9. 9. Control System Development 95 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Task Name Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 DPD 05 RFQ Issue TP Assessment • Largest S/W development undertaken by D/OPS TEB Assessment • 286,000 Lines of Code IPC Approval • 22,000 contractor days XMM MOC / SOC Combined RFQ • 13 LoC per day per contractor (cf. 10 standard) RFQ Evaluation RFQ Negotiation XMM MOC / SOC Kick-off SR Phase ( 6 months ) AD Phase ( 9 months ) DD Phase ( 2 years ) Large CCN (= one MCS) agreed Movement to Vilspa Pre-launch,/LEOP/CP/CPV Support XMM Launch 7700 URs , 2500 SRs DD Phase SOC Releases : OM Phase SRD Review : 2000 RIDs R1 15.03.98 R2a 30.09.98 R2b 31.10.98 R3 31.03.99 R7 01.11.99 R8 15.12.99 ADD Review : 500 RIDs R4 30.04.99 R5a 16.06.99 R9 17.02.00 R9.1 06.03.00 R5b 31.08. R6 30.09.99 R9.2 31.03.00 R10 31.05.00 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 9
  10. 10. XMM-Newton : The Simulator 1. Off-site development under Firm Fixed Price contract by VEGA GmbH : SR phase performed by ESA : Maximum re-use of ESA infrastructure (SIMSAT and generic models). 2. Major Points – Emulation of CDMU, ACC and instrument controller (RGS, EPIC-MOS, EPIC-pn, OM) on-board software (!) – TM/TC configuration from XMM Database provided by industry – Development of Science Data Conversion Utility to playback of science data files at run-time … – High realism of XMM simulator acknowledged by all – XMM simulation campaign was one of the smoothest ever –  Flight Control Team very well trained before launch 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 10
  11. 11. XMM-Newton Operations 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 11
  12. 12. XMM-Newton Operations Status 22nd December 1999 1. Launch : 10th December 1999 @ 14:32 – Ariane 504 launch very precise in time and position. – All LEOP orbit manoeuvres executed on schedule Parameter INJECTION DELTA V 1a DELTA V 1b DELTA V 2 DELTA V 3 DELTA V 4 Date Actual 10-Dec-99 11-Dec-99 11-Dec-99 13-Dec-99 15-Dec-99 16-Dec-99 Start Time (UT) Actual 14:32 12:20 14:13 12:25 12:10 11:30 Duration (sec) Actual 3,179.0 5,923.2 3,871.4 2,125.4 92.0 Predicted 64.80 89.67 46.84 23.92 1.02 Delta V (m/s) Actual 143.60 47.08 24.17 Predicted 826 2,531 5,252 6,471 7,349 7,365 Perigee Height (Km) Actual 826 4,897 6,480 7,359 Predicted 114,053 114,042 113,999 113,990 113,975 113,774 Apogee Height (Km) Actual 113,946 114,002 113,990 113,975 Predicted 108.10 145.30 79.10 39.50 1.60 Fuel Used (Kg) Actual 260.4 80.51 40.43 1.60 Predicted 276.6 191 150 147 Fuel Remaining (Kg) Actual 530.0 270 189 149 147 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 12
  13. 13. XMM-Newton Operations Status 22nd December 1999 1. Satellite Status : Early Orbit Operations – All operations conducted according to Flight Operations Plan – All spacecraft subsystems performed as expected : attitude control system performance excellent : thermal performance as expected. EPIC MOS and PN venting operations performed. 2. Status 22nd December 1999 : – Spacecraft in Operational Configuration (IMU off) – Attitude unconstrained ‘til 4th Jan 2000, pointing to a bright star (over Bethlehem ?) for Christmas. – Telescope outer doors open, OM door open, RadMon activated – Sufficient fuel for more than 22 years of operation …… 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 13
  14. 14. XMM Self Portrait using VMC Camera (Mother Earth added later …) 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 14
  15. 15. XMM-Newton : LEOP Activities ACTIVITY TIME L + Time REVOLUTION 1 Ignition (H0) 10/12/99 14:32 AOS Villafranca (TM Only) 10/12/99 15:01 0:29:00 LOS Villafranca 10/12/99 15:04 0:32:00 AOS Perth 10/12/99 15:20 0:48:00 Solar Array Wing - Y Fully Deployed 10/12/99 15:32 1:00:00 Solar Array Wing + Y Fully Deployed 10/12/99 15:41 1:09:00 Telescope Sun Shield Deployment 10/12/99 17:34 3:02:00 Transition To Fine Sun Sensor Acq. Mode (SSA) 10/12/99 18:18 3:46:00 Star Tracker Switch On 10/12/99 18:37 4:05:00 Reaction Wheel Switch On & Spin Up 10/12/99 18:53 4:21:00 VMC Camera Operations 10/12/99 19:30 4:58:00 Transition To Star Tracker Acquisition Mode (STA) 10/12/99 19:47 5:15:00 Transition To Inertial Pointing Mode (IPS) 10/12/99 20:31 5:59:00 First Orbit Determination 10/12/99 20:32 6:00:00 IMU, FSS, STR Calibrations 11/12/99 00:32 10:00:00 Yaw Calibration Slews 11/12/99 01:32 11:00:00 Wheel Momentum Management 11/12/99 03:14 12:42:00 Slew To Perigee Raising Attitude 11/12/99 04:22 13:50:00 Wheel Momentum Management 11/12/99 06:11 15:39:00 Imu Drift Calibration 11/12/99 07:45 17:13:00 Perigee Raising 1 Part I Delta-V = 58m/S 11/12/99 12:20 21:48:00 Perigee Raising 1 Part II Delta-V = 87m/S 11/12/99 14:12 23:40:00 VMC Camera Operations 11/12/99 14:22 23:50:00 Wheel Momentum Management 11/12/99 17:35 27:03:00 Slew To Perigee Passage Attitude 11/12/99 18:44 28:12:00 Extensive Imu Drift Calibration 11/12/99 21:45 31:13:00 Entry Into Thruster Controlled Mode (TCM) 12/12/99 07:33 41:01:00 Perigee Passage 12/12/99 12:32 46:00:00 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 15
  16. 16. XMM-Newton : LEOP Activities ACTIVITY TIME L + Time REVOLUTION 2 Mass Properties Calibration Slews 12/12/99 17:45 51:13:00 EPIC MOS 1 & 2, and EPIC PN Venting 12/12/99 23:12 56:40:00 Open Loop Slew (Yaw Matrix Calibration) 12/12/99 23:48 57:16:00 Slew To Perigee Raising Attitude 13/12/99 02:30 59:58:00 Imu Drift Calibration 13/12/99 09:23 66:51:00 Perigee Raising 13/12/99 11:32 69:00:00 Wheel Momentum Management 13/12/99 14:38 72:06:00 Slew To Perigee Passage Attitude 13/12/99 15:07 72:35:00 EPIC MOS 1 & 2, and EPIC PN Venting (2nd) 13/12/99 17:00 74:28:00 EPIC Operations Completed 14/12/99 01:24 82:52:00 Perigee Passage 14/12/99 11:40 93:08:00 REVOLUTION 3 Wheel Momentum Management 14/12/99 15:25 96:53:00 Post Perigee Passage Slew 14/12/99 15:46 97:14:00 Mass Properties Calibration Slews 14/12/99 19:15 100:43:00 Open Loop Slew (Yaw Matrix Calibration) 15/12/99 00:20 105:48:00 Slew To Perigee Raising Attitude 15/12/99 01:18 106:46:00 Imu Drift Calibration 15/12/99 07:27 112:55:00 Perigee Raising 15/12/99 12:10 117:38:00 VMC Camera Operations 15/12/99 15:24 120:52:00 Slew To Apogee Correction Manoeuvre Attitude 15/12/99 17:40 123:08:00 VMC Camera Operations 15/12/99 20:38 126:06:00 Perigee Passage 16/12/99 11:26 140:54:00 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 16
  17. 17. XMM-Newton : LEOP Activities ACTIVITY TIME L + Time REVOLUTION 4 Apogee Correction Manoeuvre 16/12/99 13:02 142:30:00 Open Loop Slew (Y Matrix Calibration) 16/12/99 16:02 145:30:00 Mass Properties Calibrations Slew 16/12/99 20:02 149:30:00 Thruster Torque Calibration 17/12/99 00:32 154:00:00 Configure S/C For Operational Orbit 17/12/99 04:02 157:30:00 FSS/STR Misalignment Calibration 17/12/99 11:32 165:00:00 Outer Telescope Door Opening 17/12/99 16:02 169:30:00 Establish Constraint Free Attitude (until Jan. 4th) 17/12/99 19:02 172:30:00 Perigee Passage 18/12/99 11:19 188:47:00 REVOLUTION 5 OM Experiment Door Opening (other stay shut) 18/12/99 14:19 191:47:00 Switch On Radiation Monitor (stays on) 19/12/99 11:02 212:30:00 Perigee Passage 20/12/99 11:11 236:39:00 FUTURE ACTIVITIES Instrument Commissioning Phase January 4th Calibration And Performance Verification Phase Starts March 3rd Start Routine Science Observation Phase Starts June 3rd 10 Years XMM Newton : Starting the Mission | 20th January 2010 | Page 17

×