Action learning and problem-based learning
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Action learning and problem-based learning

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Action learning, problem-based learning, classroom practice, case study

Action learning, problem-based learning, classroom practice, case study

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Action learning and problem-based learning Action learning and problem-based learning Presentation Transcript

  • Teaching & Learning for high performance academicians
    Eric Sandelands
    Director
    Corporate learning consultants ltd
    www.yourclearadvantage.com
    How does action learning and problem-based learning support the development and performance of students?
  • What will be addressed
    Implementing effective learning in the classroom based upon the principles of action learning and problem-based learning
    Small group discussions will follow
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Opening thought
    “We can’t solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them”
    Albert Einstein
    (From Marquardt & Teo, forthcoming)
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
    View slide
  • Application of action learning to classroom setting
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
    Action learning and experience
    View slide
  • Action learning elements
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Preparing to learn (Raelin)
    Experience
    Classroom
    Classroom
    Experience
    Can These Be Combined?
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Action learning in a classroom setting
    Learning in a classroom environment can feel “sterile”
    It’s removed from the realities of the workplace and life outside
    Action learning can bring “life”, interest and meaning
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Adapting the action learning cycle (Raelin)
    Theory
    Experimentation
    Experience
    R e – T h e o r i z i n g
    Reflection
    LEARNING
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • The Ultimate Goal: To Learn Together
    (Adapted from Raelin)
    • Develop a social culture in their own right.
    • Constitute students working on real problems where possible.
    • Discuss not only the practical dilemmas arising from actions in their work settings, but the applications or misapplications of theories and concepts to these actions.
    • Afford real-time experience in group dynamics, such as providing and accepting feedback.
    • Provide a base of support.
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
    Learning in teams
  • A move towards facilitation
    Opportunity to facilitate rather than direct as the expert
    Opportunity to instil learning principles rather than subject knowledge
    Opportunity to help teams maximize learning from their time together
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Experiential inquiry
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
    Problem-based learning
  • Problem-based learning
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • What is problem-based learning?
    In problem-based learning (PBL), small groups of students are presented with contextual situations and asked to define the problem, decide what skills and resources are necessary to investigate the problem and then pose possible solutions. (Duch, Groh & Allen, 2001)
    PBL courses start with the problems rather than with exposition of disciplinary knowledge.
    Students acquire knowledge skills and understanding through a staged sequence of problems presented in sequence.
    (McCarthy)
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Work on problem scenario
    Lead through the process
    Students pose questions, “learning issues,” identifying what they need to know
    rank the learning issues in terms of importance and decide who will investigate which issue
    identify needed resources and where they might be found
    gather needed information through individual and group investigation
    reconvene to integrateinformation
    generate and evaluate possible solutions
    make needed decisions or take agreed upon actions
    communicate results as appropriate for problem resolution
    debrief on problem solving experience
    (Howard)
    Learning is initiated with a problem
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Problem
    Engagement
    Inquiry and
    Investigation
    problem
    definition
    Problem
    Resolution
    Problem
    Stepien & Gallagher
    Debriefing
    The process of problem-based learning?
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • A suggested PBL process
    Small groups of students (<8) work with a PBL tutor or facilitator
    Groups usually meet twice a week for around 2-3 hours
    At the first meeting, students are presented with an unfamiliar situation or problem (trigger)
    Students identify the main issues and formulate questions to work on
    Following a period of individual study (2-3 days) the group reconvenes
    They discuss what they have learnt and apply this to the original problem
    Supporting activities (labs, lectures) are timetabled as ‘fixed resource sessions’ during the period of individual study
    (McCarthy)
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Characteristics of a good PBL facilitator.
    A knowledge of the PBL process
    Commitment to student directed learning
    Ability to generate a non-threatening environment whilst still acting to promote discussion and critical thinking
    An ability to facilitate and not teach.
    Willingness to make constructive evaluation of student and group performance.
    (McCarthy)
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Characteristics of a good PBL student
    Prompt and present for all sessions
    A knowledge of the PBL process
    Commitment to self/student directed learning
    Active participation in discussion and critical thinking whilst contributing to a friendly non-threatening environment
    Willingness to make constructive evaluation of self, group and tutor
    (McCarthy)
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
    A worked example
  • Emerald Publishing Group Ltd Corporate Academy
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Emerald Academy structure
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Emerald Academy process
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Sample workshop agenda (Workshop 2 of 6)
    Workshop introduction/ learning log reflections
    Group presentations: Project proposals and next actions
    Project proposal formal feedback
    Learning styles
    Workshop reflections and next actions
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Project outcomes (recent groups)
    Developing Emerald’s “corporate story” (branding)
    Managing customer transition process
    Achieving environmental standard ISO 14001
    Developing publishing products for Executive MBAs
    Communicating the stakeholder relationships management process
    Developing academic authors in Africa
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Observations on effectiveness of pbl
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
    Development & performance of students
  • Factors that influence PBL
    Implications on practice
    “The principles of PBL go can be traced back to medieval times where apprenticeship was an art as well as a science.”
    “If people do not acknowledge the existence of a prior problem, then learning may not have taken place.” [double-loop learning]
    “The starting point of action learning is akin to PBL… The team looking into this (problem solving activity) has to consider all aspects of PBL at the conceptualization stage.”
    “There are many examples of PBL [being utilized] in the workplace…. Educational administrators, training nurses for practice…”
    (Quotes from a study by Marquardt & Teo)
    Problems as building blocks for learning
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Problem-based learning promotes
    Intentional learning
    Relational understanding
    Critical thinking
    Creative thinking
    Effective collaboration
    Versatile communication
    (Howard)
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Problem-based learning provides
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
  • Using action learning and PBL
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.
    • Share your challenges
    • We can briefly discuss now
    • We can revisit them in small groups
  • Questions or further explanations?
    Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.