Features of Canada

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Features of Canada

  1. 1. Physical Features of Canada
  2. 2. yennadon.sd42.ca/canada/physicalfeatures.html
  3. 3. Canada • Second largest country in the world! • Borders touch oceans on the east, west, and north. • America is on Canada’s southern border.
  4. 4. Pacific Ocean • largest & deepest of the world’s 5 oceans • covers 1/3 of the Earth’s surface • western border of Canada – major shipping route to Asia
  5. 5. Atlantic Ocean • 2nd largest of the earth’s 5 oceans • most heavily traveled ocean • forms the eastern border of Canada – major shipping route to Europe & Africa
  6. 6. Canadian Shield • Stretches from Great Lakes to Arctic Ocean; covers half of Canada! • Region of mostly thin soil lying on top of bedrock, with many bare outcrops of rock & thousands of lakes • Major natural resources: timber, minerals, & water • Region is sparsely populated
  7. 7. Hudson Bay • large inland sea in east central Canada • “an arm” of the Atlantic Ocean – Grain from Alberta & Saskatchewan is shipped from Hudson Bay out to the Atlantic and on to other countrie.s – only navigable from July to October
  8. 8. Great Lakes • five large freshwater lakes in central North America – created from melting glaciers – HOMES (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior) • serve as the “industrial heartland” of the continent • one of the world’s busiest shipping areas – Most of Canada’s population live in this region.
  9. 9. Rocky Mountains • located in Western Canada – includes western Alberta and eastern British Columbia • stretches a distance of 2,000 miles • mining is the biggest industry in the region, followed closely by logging – major minerals include: iron ore, copper, coal, gold • sparsely populated & contain few cities
  10. 10. HowStuffWorks.com
  11. 11. St. Lawrence River • major source of overseas and US/Canada shipping & trade – outlet for the Great Lakes to connect to the St. Lawrence Seaway in order to reach the Atlantic Ocean • huge producer of hydroelectricity
  12. 12. St. Lawrence Seaway • a canal system completed in 1959 at the eastern end of the Great Lakes – connects the Great Lakes with the St. Lawrence River (which flows to the Atlantic Ocean) • major source of overseas and US/Canada shipping & trade – closed from November to April (frozen) – seaway has made cities in Eastern Canada home to many successful manufacturing companies
  13. 13. Copyright Harpor House Publishers, Inc., Boyne City, Mich.

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