CAUSES LEADING TO WAR:NationalismImperialismAlliancesWorld War IIwas a directresult of thefirst World Warand wouldbecome themostdevastatingwar of all time.
Adolf Hitlerbecomes dictatorof Germany in1933. He began torebuild military andbrought Germanyout of depressionfrom WWI.
NAZISM Political group led by Adolf Hitler Believed in superior German race.
FASCISM Political party founded by Benito Mussolini Believed in government having absolutepower over all parts of one’s life
Major leaders of WorldWar IIAxis Powers Germany-Adolf Hitler Italy-Benito Mussolini Japan-EmperorHirohitoAllied Powers Great Britain- WinstonChurchill United States-Franklin Rooseveltand Harry Truman Soviet Union-JosefStalin
Just like WWI, two sides formed inWorld War 2. Axis Powers- Germany, Italy andJapan Allies- Great Britain, Soviet Union(Russia and other smallercountries) France, Australia, NewZealand and the United States Others were involved and manycountries decided to remainneutral just like WW1.
Germany invades Poland in September1939. Great Britain, France, Australia and NewZealand declare war on Germany to helpprotect Poland.
By 1942,Germany andthe AxisPowerswoulddominatemost ofEuropeandhave theAlliesat a greatdisadvantage.
Holocaust The execution of 6 million Jews byGerman Nazis during WWII. The Nazis did not want to just exterminatethe Jewish race, but also humiliate thepeople and their culture. Concentration camps, ghettoes, andextermination camps would be built allover Nazi-occupied Europe.
Holocaust The Nazis would transport Jewish peopleand political prisoners all over Europe Incattle cars were they would be packedinside without food or water to awaitstarvation and death.
Holocaust The Nazis established severalextermination camps throughout Europe. The largest camps were at Treblinka,Majdanek, Chelmno, Sobibor, Belzec andAuschwitz. More than one million people died inAuschwitz making it the most deadly of allof the camps.
“Arbeit Macht Frei”- translatesto “Work will set you free”-Seenon the entrance to AuschwitzDeath camp were Naziprisoners worked themselvesto death during the Holocaust.Inside thegasChamber ofAuschwitzExterminationCamp
United States enters the War Why did the US enter? On December 7th, 1941, Japan bombedthe Pearl Harbor U.S. Naval Base and awar in the Pacific Ocean began betweenAllies and Axis Powers of the SecondWorld War. This attack wouldbring the United States intothe conflict as PresidentRoosevelt declared war onJapan.
Stalingrad Germany invaded Russia (SovietUnion) at city of Stalingrad Lasted from August 21,1942-February 2,1943 Soviet Military was able to pushGermany out of the Soviet Union Was turning point in war againstGermany
In western Europe, a secret invasion wasplanned to liberate France and Belgium. Thisinvasion was known as D-Day and was led byGeneral Dwight D. Eisenhower. Once Franceand Belgium were free, the Allies invadedGermany.One May 8th, 1945, Germanysurrendered as a result of the D-Day invasion, but fightingcontinued in the Pacific.
President Harry Truman became presidentfollowing the death of President Franklin D.Roosevelt. One of his first decisions = should U.S. useatomic weaponsOn August 6th, 1945, the US droppeda bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.On August 9th, 1945, the US droppeda second bomb on Nagasaki, Japan.
A nuclear weapon of the"Little Boy" type, the uraniumgun-type detonated overHiroshima. It is 28 inches indiameter and 120 incheslong. "Little Boy" weighedabout 9,000 pounds and hada yield approximating 15,000tons of high explosives.(Copy from U.S. NationalArchives, RG 77-AEC)A nuclear weapon of the "Fat Man"type, the plutonium implosion typedetonated over Nagasaki. 60 inchesin diameter and 128 inches long, theweapon weighed about 10,000pounds and had a yieldapproximating 21,000 tons of highexplosives (Copy from U.S. NationalArchives, RG 77-AEC)
The mushroom cloudbillowing up 20,000 feetover Hiroshima on themorning of August 6, 1945(Photo from U.S. NationalArchives, RG 77-AEC)
Following the use of atomic weaponsin August of 1945, Japan surrenderedand the War in the Pacific was over.The bombs on Hiroshima andNagasaki ended World War II.
Effects of World War II Thirty to forty-five million people lost their lives. Germany (and its capital, Berlin) was divided andmade into two countries. East Germany wascommunist. West Germany became a democracy. The U.S. and the Soviet Union becomethe main two world powers andcompetition between the countries wouldlead to the COLD WAR. The United Nations was formed.
WestBerlinerswatchingover thewall at thoseinCommunistEast Berlin.
West Berliners help East Berlinersescape over the Berlin Wall