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Formation of Australia
 Sixty thousand years ago, there
was an Ice Age on Earth.
 Much of the world’s water was
frozen i...
 The first people came to Australia
at this time.
 They came from Southeast Asia.
 They traveled in boats from island
t...
 Higher water cut off Australia from
New Guinea and Tasmania.
 They became three
different islands. Miles of
ocean separ...
The Aborigines
are the Australian
natives that have
been living there
for thousands of
years before the
first Europeans
ca...
The Australian Aborigine
The first people to live in
Australia are called
Australian Aborigines.
The first Aborigines li...
Inner Australia was a huge
desert.  On the
coast, there
were more
plants growing.
 There were
also more
animals to hunt...
Aborigines lived in small
groups.
They were larger in the
coastal areas and smaller in
the interior.
There were strict rules on
how groups interacted.
However, there was no
specific leader in the
group.
All members were ...
 There may have been about 500
groups of Aborigines
and more than
200 languages.
 Aborigines were
hunter-gathers.
What they ate depended
on where they lived.
Different food was
available on different
parts of the island.
Aborigines never grew their
own food.
Instead, they survived on
whatever grew naturally by
understanding how to live in
...
Trade
Australian Aborigines also
traded with one another.
Trade diversifies the type of
goods available.
Trade also kept different
groups of Aborigines
connected to one another.
This contact helped keep
the culture of differe...
CORE BELIEF SYSTEM
 “Dreamtime” is at the center of the Aborigines
belief system and describes the mystical time
when the...
Shelter
 Aboriginal people built simple shelters that
changed season to season.
 Trees were chosen as a primary resource...
History- European Settlement
Captain James Cook discovered
Australia in 1770. He was sent
to discover the huge land that
m...
European Settlement (cont’d)
 Europeans stole Aboriginal land and killed thousands of
Aborigines. They also brought new d...
Australian Aborigines
Australian Aborigines
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Australian Aborigines

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Transcript of "Australian Aborigines"

  1. 1. Formation of Australia  Sixty thousand years ago, there was an Ice Age on Earth.  Much of the world’s water was frozen in glaciers. This made the sea level drop.  The land that was under water eventually became exposed.  Australia, New Guinea, and Tasmania all formed one huge land mass called Sahul.
  2. 2.  The first people came to Australia at this time.  They came from Southeast Asia.  They traveled in boats from island to island.
  3. 3.  Higher water cut off Australia from New Guinea and Tasmania.  They became three different islands. Miles of ocean separated them.  The residents had no contact with the rest of the world for thousands of years.
  4. 4. The Aborigines are the Australian natives that have been living there for thousands of years before the first Europeans came to Australia in the 1700s.
  5. 5. The Australian Aborigine The first people to live in Australia are called Australian Aborigines. The first Aborigines lived on the coast.
  6. 6. Inner Australia was a huge desert.  On the coast, there were more plants growing.  There were also more animals to hunt & fresh water.
  7. 7. Aborigines lived in small groups. They were larger in the coastal areas and smaller in the interior.
  8. 8. There were strict rules on how groups interacted. However, there was no specific leader in the group. All members were equal.
  9. 9.  There may have been about 500 groups of Aborigines and more than 200 languages.  Aborigines were hunter-gathers.
  10. 10. What they ate depended on where they lived. Different food was available on different parts of the island.
  11. 11. Aborigines never grew their own food. Instead, they survived on whatever grew naturally by understanding how to live in different natural environments.
  12. 12. Trade Australian Aborigines also traded with one another. Trade diversifies the type of goods available.
  13. 13. Trade also kept different groups of Aborigines connected to one another. This contact helped keep the culture of different groups similar.
  14. 14. CORE BELIEF SYSTEM  “Dreamtime” is at the center of the Aborigines belief system and describes the mystical time when the Aboriginal people established their world.  “Dreamtime” explains the origins of the people and of the land. Dreamtime includes a story of how things have happened, how the universe came to be, how humans were created, and how the Creator intended for humans to function in this world
  15. 15. Shelter  Aboriginal people built simple shelters that changed season to season.  Trees were chosen as a primary resource because they could provide natural windbreaks and shade. The trunks also provided sturdy material.  Walls of the shelters were often decorated by finger painting.
  16. 16. History- European Settlement Captain James Cook discovered Australia in 1770. He was sent to discover the huge land that many people believed was south of the equator. He landed south of present day Sydney in New South Wales. He claimed this part of the land for the King of England.
  17. 17. European Settlement (cont’d)  Europeans stole Aboriginal land and killed thousands of Aborigines. They also brought new diseases with them Which killed off a lot of the Aboriginal population.  In 1770, there were about 300,000 Aborigines. Now, there are 120,000. It is becoming harder and harder for Aborigines to continue their traditional way to live.  During the early 1900’s the white Australian government enacted and enforced removal policies that continues to affect the Aborigines today…
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