Using OSM, QGIS, and InaSAFE for Contingency Plan in Indonesia

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Presented by Dewi Sulistioningrum - OSM-ID during the State of the Map Philippines 2013.

Presented by Dewi Sulistioningrum - OSM-ID during the State of the Map Philippines 2013.

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  • Training to OSM, QGIS, InaSAFE for Contingency Plan in Indonesia has been implemented since 2012 includes training in 6 provinces with BNPB and AIFDRUsing OSM, QGIS, InaSAFE for the preparation of Contingency Plan Document already implemented in three locations, Those locations are Bengawan Solo, Jakarta and Makassar. Where are the three areas that can not be separated from floods every year.
  • Something that is not necessarily the case and estimated from previous disastersContingency plan is a document that states what we should do if a contingency condition (such as disaster) is happening, what we must prepare and how much it is. The purpose is to provide the tools for the convenience or the parties/agencies/implementers in drafting plans for contingencies are stakeholders, cross-sector and cross-function integrated based on the assumptions and agreements
  • We have spatial data such as printed map and to complete spatial data we start to mapping.

    We start Mapping in OpenStreetMap, the first thing we digited imagery. If using data in disaster we must have complete data, example attribute data for buildings affected like structure building, level floor, we adjust with evacuation disaster.

    Thus, detail and up to date data are needed to make a good contingency plan. That is why OSM join this project, as a tool to collect data –which is very easy to use and to be updated.
  • The scenario is important tocreate the contingency planning which will be used for planning and decision making of the disaster,Based on/with basemap and hazard map and effected map, you can identification people and area effected so you get estimated wide and large the impact disaster will be happen. Dalamskenariojugadiuraikanantara lain:waktuterjadinyabencana (misalnya : pagi, siang, malam).duration / duration of events (eg: 2 hours, 1 day, 7 days, 14 days).• high water inundation (flooding).• Wave height and distance to reach the mainland (tsunami).• other matters that affect the large-small loss / damage.
  • Respond to the fact that the flood will be happen every year, Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) of East Java, in collaboration withUnited Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN – OCHA) and Australia – Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction (AIFDR) have agreed to update ”Bengawan Solo flood” contingency plan 2013 as one of disaster risk reduction effort. In this presentation I will explain contingency plan and we will focus on the application and InaSAFE QGIS OSM for Preparation Renkon in Solo.Since it was completed and approved by the Governor of East JavaWhile for Jakarta and Makassar City still in the process
  • Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia and also the most densely populated city in Indonesia, which is home to more than 10 million people. It has a wide range and complexity of problems that plagued on it. One issue that has always plagued Jakarta is flood. 
  • 2. Menyediakan data hasilsimulasiInaSAFE (khususbangunan) berdasarkan data bencanabanjir yang didapatdari Australia Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction (AIFDR) dan BPBD DKI Jakarta
  • City of Makassar is the capital city of Sout Sulawesi, as the entrance gate of Eastern Indonesia made the city of Makassar greatly developed especially in the economic field. Its location in the coastal making the city of Makassar can not separated from the floods.
  • no where absorption of water
  • Preparation of contingency plans for the first time doing in the city of Makassar, implement using OSM, QGIS and InaSAFE. Stages of contingency plan preparation consist 9 like the chart below.Some of the first stages have been implemented, training and workshop-1 about the contingency plan development in Makassar held on 27 – 30 August 2013 at PantaiGapura Hotel with participants coming from BPBD Kota Makassar, BPBD of Sulawesi Selatan Province, Kodim, DinasPemadamKebakaran, Bappeda, Basarnas, DinasKesehatan, DinasPendidikan, Dinas PU, PMI Makassar, UNHAS, and Police. In the above flow has reached the 3rd stage. In the workshop-1 the contingency plan development using the flood scenarios in January, the flood areas is 3.489,49 Ha covering 28 Sub Districts affected by flood. The results obtained by using InaSAFE where the hazard data from BPBD and the exposure data from OpenSreetMap, there are 15.408 of the affected buildings and 70.000 people affected by flood.

Transcript

  • 1. USING OSM, QGIS AND INASAFE FOR CONTINGENCY PLAN Ateneo de Manila University, December 14th, 2013 Dewi Sulistioningrum dewi.sulistio@gmail.com
  • 2. INTRODUCTION TO CONTINGENCY PLAN
  • 3. What is Contingency Plan ?? Contingency is a condition that is expected to happen, but it probably will not happen. Contingency Plan A process of identification and planning that is based on contingency. A contingency plan may not always been turned on, if the situation is not expected to occur.
  • 4. DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Prevention and Mitigation Emergency Response Preparedness (Contingency Plan) Disaster Incident
  • 5. How to Utilize Open Source Technology for Contingency Plan Spatial Data Mapping Data Collection 1. 2. 3. Digitized Imagery Global Positioning System (GPS) Walking/Field Papers OpenStreetMap Tools used to process and analysis spatial data QuantumGIS InaSAFE Tools used to collect exposure data Additional tools in QGIS used to calculate the impact
  • 6. Hazard Exposure Impact
  • 7. BENGAWAN SOLO CONTINGENCY PLAN
  • 8. Step By Step Preparation • Scouts Training • Preparing Survey Form • Preparing Preset File Data Collection • Field Survey • Digitizing + Input Attribute Data Analysis • InaSAFE Modelling
  • 9. Scouts Training • 3 Days training • 40 Participants • Beginner & Intermediate Training alumni and some BPBD staff was involved, either as trainer / co – trainer
  • 10. Preparing Survey Form & Preset File
  • 11. Data Collection @ 10 Scouts Survey Ngawi 5 Days survey Bojonegoro Tuban Digitizing imagery + Validation Fieldpapers + Talking with the Headman Disable people Digitizing (Continue) + Validation Residential Priority : most affected villages Road & Bridge Health Service Lamongan Gresik Pregnant Woman @ District : 6 – 10 villages GPS : @ District 2 – 3 GPS POI (Affected) POI (Not Affected) Input Attribute Data
  • 12. Digitizing + Input Attribute Data
  • 13. Mapping Results • + 35.000’s buildings have been mapped • Not all buildings have complete attribute data
  • 14. InaSAFE Result 1 : Map of Buildings Might Be Flooded
  • 15. InaSAFE Result 2 : Statistics of Buildings Might Be Flooded
  • 16. PEOPLE AFFECTED MAP Result... (4) InaSAFE Simulation
  • 17. InaSAFE Result 3 : Statistics of People Might be affected, and need to be evacuated
  • 18. DKI JAKARTA CONTINGENCY PLAN
  • 19. ACTIVITIES  Provide data and flood affected maps to support Jakarta Flood Contingency Plan  Provide InaSAFE simulation results  Help UNICEF to prepare Jakarta Flood Contingency Plan for Education Sector
  • 20. Open link webGIS DKI Jakarta Contingency Plan http://openstreetmap.or.id/renkonbanjirdki/
  • 21. MAKASSAR MAPPING TO SUPPORT FLOOD CONTINGENCY PLAN
  • 22. SCENARIO (BUILDINGS AFFECTED) Hazard Data = Banjir_Updat e.shp Exposure Data = bangunan.s hp
  • 23. BUILDINGS AFFECTED
  • 24. Lesson Learned • • • • • • • Hazard map must be ready since the beginning Fieldpaper making must involve local people or its representatives Make a clear index map for all of the fieldpapers Daily monitoring during field survey must be done strictly Focus/priority to collect important building data (such as school, public health service, government office, place of worship) Involving volunteer (not official BPBD staff) is a good choice for collecting data ➔ scouts, university students Everything must be legal & is supported by all stakeholders ➔ mainly related to data availability
  • 25. THANK YOU OSM-ID