De La Salle University
                                Student Council
                P.L.A.R. No. 2007-01-23 Legislative...
exceed two (2)    academics years      in the case of enlisted reservist,”
(Republic Act No. 7077, Section 39);

Wherefore...
A Manifesto Against the Reinstatement of the Mandatory Reserve
                 Officers Training Corps Program

       Fi...
the nation rather than indulge in fraternities, drugs and other tendencies
not conducive to their development.”

     Acco...
1. We ask for the administration of Higher Education Institutions,
   parents and students to release a stand regarding th...
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SC-DLSU Res2007 15

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SC-DLSU Res2007 15

  1. 1. De La Salle University Student Council P.L.A.R. No. 2007-01-23 Legislative Assembly Status: Approved Resolution No. 2007-15 Sponsored by: National Affairs Committee Richard Anciado, FOCUS2006 Antonette Pacheco, BnE2008 Jamie Pengson, EDGE2005 Authored by: Greggy Lam Chua, BnE 2007 Bernadette Razon, CATCH2T9 RESOLUTION CALLING FOR DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY STUDENT COUNCIL TO RELEASE THE MANIFESTO AGAINST THE REINSTATEMENT OF THE MANDATORY RESERVE OFFICERS TRAINING CORPS PROGRAM Whereas, the Legislative Assembly is the highest policy making body in the Student Council (Student Council Constitution, Article VII, Section 1); Whereas, the Legislative Assembly shall concern itself with discussing and deciding on Resolutions on national and sectoral issues (Student Council Constitution, Article VIII, Section 4.3); Whereas, it was proposed by former Senator Alfredo Lim that the Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) be re-instituted as mandatory for all undergraduate students following the provisions of Republic Act No. 7077 and Commonwealth Act No. 1 (Senate Bill No. 2224, Section 2); Whereas, the pertinent provisions of Republic Act No. 9163, or the National Service Training Program will be repealed upon the legislation of Senate Bill No. 2224 (Senate Bill No. 2224, Section 3); Whereas, the Lower House version imposes the mandatory ROTC only on male college students (Manila Standard Today, June, 2006); Whereas, “the program of institution shall be prescribed by the Secretary of National Defense and may include instruction to prepare female students for military service: Provided, That such course of instruction shall not
  2. 2. exceed two (2) academics years in the case of enlisted reservist,” (Republic Act No. 7077, Section 39); Wherefore, be it resolved that the Legislative Assembly approve the release of the manifesto; Wherefore, be it further resolved that ALL Student Council units be tasked to disseminate information regarding the proposed law on mandatory ROTC in the tertiary level and the Manifesto Against the Mandatory ROTC in the Tertiary Level; Wherefore, be it finally resolved that the Student Council President forward this manifesto to COSCA, DLSU – ROTC, the concerned government agencies and other universities. Adopted, July 11, 2007
  3. 3. A Manifesto Against the Reinstatement of the Mandatory Reserve Officers Training Corps Program Five years after the National Service Training Program was enacted into law, two bills, pending in Congress, have been proposed to repeal this law and to bring back the mandatory Reserve Officers Training Corps Program in the tertiary level. With the 13th Congress recently adjourned, we draft this manifesto for the new leaders of our nation in the 14th Congress to hear the stand of the Lasallian students regarding Senate Bill 2224 and House Bill 5460. What is Republic Act 7077? Republic Act 7077, or the “Citizen Armed Forces or Armed Forces of the Philippines Reservist Act,” aims to provide an extension of the regular military force called the Citizens Armed Force. Article VII, Sections 37 and 38 of this Republic Act requires that all students enrolled in Higher Education Institutions undergo military training for the purpose of producing reservists. What is Republic Act 9163? Republic Act 9163, also known as the “National Service Training Program (NSTP) Act of 2001,” is “a program aimed at enhancing civic consciousness and defense preparedness in the youth by developing the ethics of service and patriotism while undergoing training in any of its three (3) program components.” It is composed of the following programs: Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC), Civic Welfare Training Service and the Literacy Training Service. Each college graduate student is required to choose and complete one of the NSTP components before graduating. What are Senate Bill 2224 and House Bill 5460? These two bills seek to reinstate the mandatory ROTC for all college students. The senate bill pushes for all college students to mandatorily take ROTC, while its counterpart in the lower house aims to make ROTC mandatory for males and voluntary for females. In effect, they will repeal the provisions of Republic Act 9163. In the explanatory note of Senate Bill 2224, Alfredo Lim cites that there is a need to reinstate the mandatory ROTC to “instill discipline among the youth and make them more committed to do acts and deeds that serve
  4. 4. the nation rather than indulge in fraternities, drugs and other tendencies not conducive to their development.” According to a press release of the House of Representatives, Rep. Eduardo Gullas states that by requiring college students to take ROTC, we are preparing “a generation of young people who are ready to defend the country in any eventuality” (House of Representatives website, June 9, 2006). With the pending bill in both Houses of Congress, we, as Lasallians, do not support the plan to reinstate mandatory ROTC and repeal the National Service Training Program due to the following reasons: 1. We believe that repealing the National Service Training Program and making ROTC mandatory curtail the freedom of students in choosing how they best serve the country. 2. “Patriotic ideals and love for country” are not only imbibed in military training, but also in the Civic Welfare Training Service (CWTS) component of NSTP, where students take part in nation building and social transformation. In De La Salle University alone, since the implementation of NSTP, an average of 1,554.5 individuals per term was helped through basic education and social services to the community. Moreover, 82.22% of students who had enrolled in CWTS said that the program was effective in instilling social action (The NSTP-CWTS Experience of De La Salle University: Teaching Minds, Touching Hearts, Transforming Lives, 2007). 3. ROTC is not the only program or venue where students learn discipline. In fact, it is assumed that the youth are already disciplined and mature individuals when they enter the tertiary level. 4. Mandatory ROTC may not prove to be effective in assisting the Armed Forces of the Philippines in maintaining peace and order in the country, especially in times of war. The rationale behind this is that not all members of the reserves may be prepared because of the involuntary service and the lack of passion to learn the military activities. In addition, these members have their own comparative advantages and wasting their skills in other activities may not prove to be helpful. 5. We are against the possibility that students may be used for brute force or hostile activities in the future. We, as Lasallians, recommend the following proposals:
  5. 5. 1. We ask for the administration of Higher Education Institutions, parents and students to release a stand regarding the pending bills on mandatory ROTC in the tertiary level to the concerned government agencies. 2. We call on Congress not to repeal Republic Act No. 9163 or the National Service Training Program. 3. We call on the concerned government agencies to develop an ROTC program or course that will encourage and entice the youth to join the Armed Forces of the Philippines so that the number of ROTC enrollees and the number of armed forces may increase. The curriculum may include various leadership development activities that will equip the students for any leadership roles, voluntary adventure activities that will aid in the students’ training and physical fitness and other skills and classroom sessions that will develop patriotism, besides the education on military training, tactics and operations in the classroom and the field. 4. We also call on the concerned government agencies to develop incentive systems such as scholarships and lower expenses on the needed materials when enrolled in the ROTC program. 5. We encourage all Higher Education Institutions to conduct an objective orientation before the start of the school year that will brief the incoming freshmen about the benefits of joining the ROTC program and CWTS program.
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