Not slept one wink </li></li></ul><li>Shakespeare’s English <br /><ul><li>In the England of Shakespeare's time, English was a lot more flexible as a language.
The most common simple sentence in modern English follows a familiar pattern: Subject (S), Verb (V), Object (O). (Will caught the ball).
However, Shakespeare was much more at liberty to switch these three basic components
Shakespeare used a great deal of SOV inversion (Will the ball caught).</li></li></ul><li>Shakespeare’s English<br /><ul><li>Switching the S-V-O order to S-O-V made it easier for Shakespeare to rhyme and to manipulate his words to flow easily in poems and plays.
Shakespeare could effectively place the metrical stress wherever he needed it most by switching word order
Shakespeare also used an O-S-V construction (The ball Will caught) for the same reasons.</li></li></ul><li>Inverted Word Order<br />Lady Montague: <br />O where is Romeo, saw you him today?<br />Right glad I am he was not at this fray.<br />Translation:<br />O where is Romeo; did you see him today? <br />I am very glad he was not in this fight.<br />
Inverted Word Order<br />“Thou hast by moonlight at her window sung.”<br />Translation:<br />You have sung at her window in the moonlight.<br />From A Midsummer Night’s Dream<br />
Shakespeare’s Language in Plays<br /><ul><li>The language used by Shakespeare in his plays is in one of three forms
Rhymed verse in Shakespeare's plays is usually in rhymed couplets, i.e. two successive lines of verse of which the final words rhyme with another.</li></li></ul><li>Iambic Pentameter<br /><ul><li>Iambic pentameter is meter that Shakespeare nearly always when writing in verse. Most of his plays were written in iambic pentameter.
Each pair of syllables is called an iamb. You’ll notice that each iamb is made up of one unstressed and one stressed beat (ba-BUM).</li></li></ul><li>Rhymed Verse in Iambic Pentameter<br /><ul><li>Love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind</li></ul>And therefore is winged Cupid painted blind.<br />Nor hath Love's mind of any judgment taste;<br />Wings, and no eyes, figure unheedyhaste:<br />And therefore is Love said to be a child,<br />Because in choice he is so oft beguiled.<br />- from A Midsummer Night’s Dream<br />
Blank Verse<br /><ul><li>Blank verse refers to unrhymed iambic pentameter.
resembles prose in that the final words of the lines do not rhyme in any regular pattern
There is meter: a recognizable rhythm in a line of verse consisting of a pattern of regularly recurring stressed and unstressed syllables.
Most lines are in iambic pentameter. </li></li></ul><li>Blank Verse<br /><ul><li>BLANK VERSE is employed in a wide range of situations because it comes close to the natural speaking rhythms of English but raises it above the ordinary without sounding artificial
Rather than prose, blank verse may suggest a refinement of character.
Many of Shakespeare's most famous speeches are written in blank verse.</li></li></ul><li>Blank Verse Example<br />ROMEO: But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks?<br />It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. <br /> Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon, <br />Who is already sick and pale with grief, <br /> That thou, her maid, art far more fair than she. <br /> Be not her maid, since she is envious; <br />Her vestal livery is but sick and green<br />And none but fools do wear it; cast it off. from Romeo and Juliet <br />
Prose, Rhymed Verse or Blank Verse?<br />Juliet: Wilt thou be gone? It is not yet near day.<br />It was the nightingale, and not the lark,<br />That pierced the fearful hollow of thine ear;<br />Nightly she sings on yond pomegranate tree<br />Believe me, love, it was the nightingale.<br />
Prose, Rhymed Verse or Blank Verse?<br />Abraham: Do you bite your thumb at us, sir?<br />Sampson: No, sir, I do not bite my thumb at you, sir, but I bite my thumb, sir.<br />Gregory: Do you quarrel, sir?<br />Abraham: Quarrel, sir? No, sir.<br />
Prose, Rhymed Verse or Blank Verse?<br />Full fathom five thy father lies<br />Of his bones are coral made<br />Those are pearls that were his eyes<br />Nothing of him that doth fade <br />But doth suffer a sea change <br />Into something rich and strange.<br />
Prose, Rhymed Verse or Blank Verse?<br />NURSE: He was a merry man—took up the child.<br />“Yea,” quoth he, “Dost thou fall upon thy face?<br />Thou wilt fall backward when thou hast more wit,<br />Wilt thou not, Jule?” and, by my holy dame,<br />The pretty wretch left crying and said “ay.”<br />
Prose, Rhymed Verse or Blank Verse?<br />ROMEO:<br />Oh, she doth teach the torches to burn bright!<br />It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night<br />Like a rich jewel in an Ethiope's ear,<br />Beauty too rich for use, for earth too dear.<br />
Prose, Rhymed Verse or Blank Verse?<br />ROMEO<br />Have not saints lips, and holy palmers too?<br />JULIET<br />Ay, pilgrim, lips that they must use in prayer.<br />ROMEO<br />O, then, dear saint, let lips do what hands do.<br />They pray; grant thou, lest faith turn to despair.<br />