Odyssey Books 18-24 Summaries
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Odyssey Books 18-24 Summaries



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Odyssey Books 18-24 Summaries Odyssey Books 18-24 Summaries Presentation Transcript

  • The Odyssey
    Books 18-24 Summaries
    By Erin Salona
  • Book 18
    Iros, a real beggar, orders Odysseus to leave the hall
    Iros challenges Odysseus to a fight
    Athena secretly helps Odysseus look bigger and scare Iros
    The suitors are impressed and offer Odysseus, the beggar, food
    Odysseus, the beggar, warns them Odysseus will return soon
    Melantho, the disloyal maid, insults Odysseus
  • Book NINETEENPenelope, the Beggar, and the Nurse
    Odysseus and Telemachus discuss their strategy to kill the suitors
    Odysseus wants to test the loyalty of Penelope and her maids
    The maids have not been loyal and have been helping the suitors
  • Book 19
    Odysseus, the beggar, and Penelope sit and talk, and she tells him of her problems: how she misses her husband and how she doesn’t want to remarry
    Odysseus, the beggar, tells a story about his identity and how he met Odysseus and he praises him
  • Book NINETEENPenelope, the Beggar, and the Nurse
    Penelope cries upon hearing about her husband
    Odysseus decides that Penelope passed the loyalty test
    Odysseus, the beggar, tells her that Odysseus is sailing home
    Penelope is hopeful and asks Eurycleia to wash his feet
  • Book NINETEENPenelope, the Beggar, and the Nurse
    Eurycleia tells Odysseus, the beggar, that he is a lot like Odysseus
    Then Eurycleia sees the scar on his leg from a boar’s tusk injury on Mt. Parnassus.
    Eurycleia recognizes Odysseus.
    Odysseus swears Eurycleia to secrecy
  • Book Twenty
    Odysseus imagines killing the suitors as he tries to sleep
    The suitors are sleeping with maids in his home
    Athena assures Odysseus he will defeat the suitors; she will protect him
  • Book Twenty
    Penelope is so miserable she asks the goddess Artemis to make her die
    Odysseus hears Penelope crying and he prays to Zeus to give her a sign that he is home
    Zeus sends thunder
    The suitors still plot to kill Telemachus
  • Book Twenty
    The suitors continue to abuse Odysseus, the beggar
    Telemachus threatens them for bothering the beggar
    The suitors insist Penelope choose a suitor to marry
    Telemachus says he will not force his mother to marry
    Blood from animals they eat streams from their mouths– an omen of death
  • Book Twenty-ONEThe Test of the Great Bow
    Penelope tells the suitors that she will marry the one who can bend, string, and shoot Odysseus’s special hunting bow through 12 ax handles.
    This contest takes place on a festival day for Apollo, the god of archery
  • Book Twenty-One
    Nobody can work Odysseus’sbow.
    Odysseus asks the cowherd Philoetiusand the swineherd Eumaeus to help him
    Odysseus tells them that they were the only men who missed him
  • Book Twenty-ONEThe Test of the Great Bow
    Odysseus will give the cowherd and swineherd wives, cattle, and homes if they help him kill the suitors
    Odysseus shows them his scar to prove himself
    Odysseus tells them to lock himself and all the suitors in the room when he picks up the bow
    Penelope allows Odysseus, the beggar, to test the bow
  • Book Twenty-ONEThe Test of the Great Bow
    Telemachus has removed the suitors’ weapons from the hall
    Odysseus, the beggar, strings the bow and shoots it through the axe holes
    Telemachus straps on his
    The fighting with the suitors begins in the next book.
  • Book TWENTY-TWODeath at the Palace
    *This is the climax.
    Odysseus takes off his beggar rags.
    Odysseus must fight more than 100 suitors
    He attacks Antinous, the meanest, first, and shoots an arrow into his neck.
  • Book TWENTY-TWODeath at the Palace
    The suitors run around, looking for their weapons and cursing Odysseus.
    Odysseus accuses the suitors of such things as: “using” his maids and trying to marry his wife
    The suitors, of course, don’t believe he is Odysseus
    Eurymachus blames the suitors’ actions on Antinous’ commands
  • Book TWENTY-TWODeath at the Palace
    Eurymachus tells Odysseus that he and the suitors will give him gifts if he lets them go
    Odysseus replies, “There will be killing till the score is paid.”
    Telemachus, Eumaeus, and Philoetius help Odysseus kill the suitors
    Athena’s shield comes to life, and she, disguised as Mentor, helps kill the suitors
    All suitors are killed by the end of the battle.
  • Book TWENTY-TWODeath at the Palace
    The goatheardMelanthiuswho has insulted Odysseus, tries to bring the suitors’ weapons to the hall. Eumaeus & Philoetius string him up alive.
    Odysseus rounds up the disloyal maids, forces them to clean up the mess of dead bodies, and then Telemachus hangs them
    One suitor is even killed & fed to the dogs!
  • Book TWENTY-THREEOdysseus and Penelope
    Eurycleia announces Odysseus’s return to Penelope.
    Penelope suspects a trick from the gods and decides to test Odysseus
    Telemachus chides her for doubting Odysseus’s identity
    She tells Telemachus that she and Odysseus share secret signs
    Odysseus tells Telemachus & the servants to stage a fake wedding feast so that nobody suspects the massacre
  • Book TWENTY-THREEOdysseus and Penelope
    Odysseus is made handsome by Athena
    Odysseus tells Eurycleia to prepare a couch for him to sleep upon
    Penelope tells the nurse to carry their marriage bed out for him to sleep on—words meant to test her husband
    Odysseus becomes upset because the bed was built around an olive tree that serves as a bedpost– it can’t be moved unless another man had sawed the post from the trunk
  • Book TWENTY-THREEThe Marriage Bed
  • Book TWENTY-THREEOdysseus and Penelope
    Odysseus passes Penelope’s test and they embrace.
    Athena delays the sunrise so the couple can spend more time together
    Odysseus plans to travel to his father Laertes’ house and to seek revenge upon the suitors’ families.
  • Book TWENTY-FOUROdysseus and His Father
    The ghosts of the suitors drift to the Underworld with Hermes’ help.
    Odysseus goes to see his elderly father Laertes, but pretends to be a traveler who entertained Odysseus 5 years ago.
    When Laertes begins to cry, Odysseus reveals himself, knowing his father is loyal
    He proves his identity by showing his leg scar & discussing childhood memories.
  • Book TWENTY-FOUROdysseus and His Father
    Odysseus, Telemacus, Laertes, and other loyal men eat together.
    Athena makes Laertes look younger.
    A battle erupts between the suitors’ families and the Ithacans; the families are furious due to the loss of the suitors
    Laertes kills Antinous’ father Eupithes
  • Book Twenty-Four
    Athena, under Zeus’ command, makes Odysseus call off the battle, and everyone lived happily ever after.
  • The End