Odyssey Books 10-17 Summaries


Published on

Email me at esalona1@ccs.k12.in.us to receive this PowerPoint.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Odyssey Books 10-17 Summaries

  1. 1. The Odyssey<br />Books 10-17 Summaries<br />By Erin Salona<br />
  2. 2. Book TENThe Bag of Winds and the Witch Circe<br />Odysseus & men land on island of Aeolia<br />Aeolus, the wind king, puts all the winds in a bag so that the men won’t be harmed on the voyage<br />Odysseus’ sailors open the bag of wind on the boat & hurricanes ensue <br />They are blown back to Aeolia with no sympathy from Aeolus<br />
  3. 3. Book TENThe Bag of Winds and the Witch Circe<br />Next, they sail to the land of the giant Laestrygonians (lees-trih-GOH-nee-unz) & some of the Laestrygonians, cannibals, eat some of Odysseus’ men.<br />Then, with one ship left, they land on Aeaea, home to the witch Circe. <br />Eurylochus, leads a party of 22 men to explore the island.<br />They find Circe surrounded by many wild animals.<br />
  4. 4. Book 10: Laestrygonians<br />King Antiphates & Queen<br />
  5. 5. Book TENThe Bag of Winds and the Witch Circe<br />Circe looks harmless since she is singing and weaving & the men think she might be a goddess.<br />Eurylochus did not go in to meet her since he sensed something evil within Circe.<br />Circe feeds the men and gives them laced wine which turns them into pigs.<br />Hermes gives Odysseus an antidote to eat to work against Circe’s power & he rushes to her home.<br />
  6. 6. Book TENThe Bag of Winds and the Witch Circe<br />
  7. 7. Book 10<br />Then Odysseus should threaten Circe with death, at which point Circe will offer to sleep with him. <br />Odysseus must sleep with her, as it will break her spell over his crew. <br />Odysseus visits Circe, and the plant works its magic against her poison. <br />He goes through with Hermes' plan, and because of his fortitude she takes him to be the great Odysseus. <br />
  8. 8. Book 10 <br />As Hermes predicted, Circe asks Odysseus to sleep with her; he first makes her promise not to use any more enchantments.<br />After they retire to Circe’s bedchamber, she turns them back into men, now looking better than ever. <br />Circe tells Odysseus to have his men bring their ships and gear ashore and come back with everyone. <br />They all return but the still suspicious Eurylochos. <br />
  9. 9. Book TENThe Bag of Winds and the Witch Circe<br />Circe releases all of Odysseus’ men, and since she is the most beautiful immortal, he agrees to her request to have Odysseus and his men stay with her for a year.<br />They beg Circe to help them get home.<br />She warns them that they will have to confront Hades, King of the Underworld, and his wife Persephone, Queen of the Underworld. <br />
  10. 10. Book TENThe Bag of Winds and the Witch Circe<br />Circe gives Odysseus very specific instructions regarding how to reach the Underworld because one cannot simply take a boat there<br />Odysseus must go to Persephone’s land, find the place where two rivers meet and drain into the river Styx, and then dig a trench. <br />In the Underworld, the men will have to consult with Teiresias, the blind prophet, make sacrifices of animals, & confront ghosts. <br />
  11. 11. Book ELEVENThe Land of the Dead<br />Odysseus’s voyage to the Land of the Dead symbolizes the darkest depths of our souls that we must all confront on life’s journey.<br />Odysseus must ask Teiresias how to arrive home to Ithaca.<br />Teiresias’s blindness suggests his true insight or prophecy. <br />In the Underworld, Odysseus sacrifices sheep to the gods and the dead watch him<br />Teiresias tells Odysseus that Poseidon will make his journey home difficult<br />
  12. 12. Book ELEVENThe Land of the Dead<br />Teiresias tells Odysseus not to eat Helios’, the sun god’s, cattle & to make sacrifices to Poseidon<br />He says Odysseus will come home alone to find the suitors at his house which he will kill<br />Odysseus sees his mother Anticleia, a ghost, who died of a broken heart when Odysseus did not return home from Troy<br />
  13. 13. Book ELEVENThe Land of the Dead<br />Anticleiaassures Odysseus of his wife’s loyalty and he tries to embrace her but can’t<br />Odysseus sees many heroes in the Underworld he once knew, such as Achilles and Agamemnon <br />Agamemnon tells Odysseus that he must return to Ithaca in disguise in order to spy on wife Penelope. <br />Agamemnon is distrustful of wives after his wife & her lover murdered Agamemnon <br /> upon his return. <br />
  14. 14. Book TWELVEThe Sirens, Scylla, and Charybdis<br />Odysseus has returned to Circe’s island & she warns him of the dangers of his journey <br />Circe warns the men of the Sirens, beautiful, bird-like women whose music enchants men so that they may kill them<br />No sailor has ever survived the lure of the sirens. <br />
  15. 15. Book Twelve<br />Circetells Odysseus to plug the men’s ears with wax so they can’t hear the Sirens<br />The men will continue to steer the boat past the Sirens. <br />Odysseus can be tied to the mast of the boat so he can hear them<br />
  16. 16. Book TWELVEThe Sirens, Scylla, and Charybdis<br />
  17. 17. Book TWELVEThe Sirens, Scylla, and Charybdis<br />Circe tells the men that the 2nd danger to avoid is the den of Scylla, a monster who has 12 legs and 6 serpent’s necks and heads. <br />She has 3 rows of sharp teeth. <br />She will eat 6 men at once.<br />
  18. 18. Book Twelve<br />The 3rd danger is the whirlpool Charybdis<br />Circe tells the men that they should hug the cliffs of Scylla because it is better to lose 6 men than an entire boat of men.<br />The 4th danger are Helios’ cattle. If the men eat them, the ship & crew will be destroyed– but not Odysseus.<br />
  19. 19. Book TWELVEThe Sirens, Scylla, and Charybdis<br />Odysseus never tells the men of the last prophecy (Helios’s cattle)<br />(Remember: Odysseus is still telling his story to King Alcinous)<br />The men survive the Sirens.<br />The men drop their oars out of fear when they see Scylla & Charybdis. <br />Scylla eats 6 of the men.<br />They avoid Charybdis.<br />
  20. 20. Book TWELVEThe Sirens, Scylla, and Charybdis<br />Odysseus tells the men not to eat Helios’ cattle when they arrive on Thrinakia for a rest<br />After a month of storms, the men are hungry and kill a cow. <br />The men eat Helios’ cattle & are punished at sea by a thunderbolt from Zeus.<br />Odysseus is the only one who survived & is rescued on Calypso’sisland.<br />
  21. 21. Book Twelve<br />*Odysseus is finished telling his story to King Alcinous<br />*We are back at book 5.<br />Chronologically, Odysseus voyage is as follows: Book 9-12, 5-8, 13-24<br />
  22. 22. Book Thirteen<br />Odysseus stops telling his story to Alcinous <br />King Alcinous helps him home to Ithaca<br />Athena comes to Odysseus, disguised as a shepherd & then a woman<br />Athena turns Odysseus into an old beggar to protect him<br />
  23. 23. Book Fourteen<br />Odysseus, disguised as a beggar, visits Eumaeus, his old loyal swineherd. <br />Odysseus tells him that Odysseus, his lord, will be home soon to take vengeance on the suitors– he is not dead<br />Eumaeus warns him of the suitors’ plans to ambush Telemachus<br />
  24. 24. Book Fifteen<br />Athena finds Telemachusat King Menelaus & Helen’s and urges him to return home lest his mother marry one of the suitors<br />She also warns him of the suitors’ fatal plans, and tells him to find Eumaeus and have him deliver the message to Penelope that he has returned home. <br />
  25. 25. Book SIXTEENThe Meeting of Father and Son<br />Telemachus arrives at Eumaeus’ hut. Odysseus is still there, disguised as a beggar.<br />Eumaeus is thrilled to see Telemachus<br />Telemachus asks him if his mother remarried and Eumaeus says “no.”<br />Telemachus tells “the stranger” he will protect him as best he can<br />
  26. 26. Book SIXTEENThe Meeting of Father and Son<br />Eumaeus tells Penelope of Telemachus’s return<br />Athena makes Odysseus look like a better version of himself<br />At first, Telemachus is afraid of Odysseus– thinks he is a god<br /> Then, Telemachus is happy to see his father after 20 years<br />Odysseus asks Telemachus to keeps his arrival secret, even to Penelope<br />
  27. 27. Book SEVENTEENThe Beggar and the Faithful Dog<br />Telemachusreturns home & Penelope and Eurycleia, his nurse, greet him.<br />A soothsayer/ seer named Theocylmenus is with Telemachus, and he tells Penelope Odysseus will be home soon<br />Penelope can’t believe him due to years of disappointment<br />
  28. 28. Book SEVENTEENThe Beggar and the Faithful Dog<br />Odysseus returns home, disguised as a beggar, with Eumaeus<br />Argos, Odysseus’s old dog who he hasn’t seen in 20 years, remembers him<br />Argos is found sleeping on a pile of dung/ manure. <br />Argos dies after seeing Odysseus<br />
  29. 29. Book Seventeen<br />Odysseus, disguised as a beggar, goes to the hall and asks each suitor for food, testing their loyalty. <br />They all give him food, except for Antinous, who throws a stool at him<br />Penelope has heard that the beggar has news of her husband and protects him<br />Penelope scolds Telemachus for not protecting the beggar from the suitors.<br />