Marking Timber in Minnesota
<ul><li>Instructor’s note:  About this slideshow </li></ul>This slideshow includes somewhat detailed slide notes.  The not...
<ul><li>Utility slide – should be hidden </li></ul>Image link
<ul><li>Introductions </li></ul>Name Employer Experience marking timber What you hope to get out of this class
<ul><li>Workshop objectives </li></ul>Benefits & costs of marking timber Mechanics Silviculture Field experience
<ul><li>What to expect today </li></ul>Overview Break Outside: Site visits Crop tree marking Lunch Outside: Stand-level   ...
<ul><li>Housekeeping </li></ul>Break times Lunch Restroom locations Please turn cell phones off, or at least set to vibrat...
Forest  management Boundaries Inventory / ECS Objectives Prescription Mark timber Harvest Regenerate stand
Why mark  timber?
Why mark  timber? <ul><li>Clarity </li></ul>
Why mark  timber? <ul><li>Accurate tally </li></ul>
Why mark  timber? <ul><li>Operator efficiency </li></ul>
Why mark  timber? <ul><li>Accountability </li></ul>
Why mark  timber? <ul><li>Reduce residual stand damage </li></ul>
Why mark  timber? <ul><li>Control residual stand composition </li></ul>
Why mark  timber? <ul><li>Improve future stand productivity </li></ul>
Selecting trees for removal or retention
Prescription <ul><li>Thinning </li></ul>
Prescription <ul><li>Regeneration </li></ul>
Prescription <ul><li>Landowner objectives </li></ul>
Selecting trees <ul><li>Silviculture and silvics </li></ul>
<ul><li>Crown position </li></ul>Only dominant or  codominant trees  should be crop trees. Selecting trees
Selecting trees <ul><li>CROWNS </li></ul>
Selecting trees <ul><li>Crown  condition </li></ul>Image link Image link
Selecting trees <ul><li>QUALITY:  Tree form </li></ul>Image link Image link
Selecting trees <ul><li>Spacing </li></ul>
Selecting trees <ul><li>Access </li></ul>
Selecting trees <ul><li>MFRC site-level timber harvest guidelines </li></ul>
Mechanics of marking timber
Mechanics <ul><li>Marking equipment </li></ul>
Mechanics <ul><li>Time </li></ul>5-15 ac. / day
Mechanics <ul><li>Marks </li></ul>
Mechanics <ul><li>Marks </li></ul>
Mechanics <ul><li>Marks </li></ul>
Mechanics <ul><li>Weigh costs & benefits </li></ul>
Rest of the day: Field site visits
Site visits If possible, replace this  yellow box with an image or info about the marked sale that will be visited.
Exercise 1: Marking a Crop tree release
Maps of public ownership Crop tree release Identify the BEST trees in the stand Remove competing trees Focus on CROWN comp...
USFS images
Cornell University images ( source link ) Crop tree release Identify and mark crop trees Mark competing trees (crowns) Rem...
Exercise 2: Stand-level marking Instructor note:  The following slides give brief overview information and images of some ...
Exercise 2: Stand-level marking
Shelterwood
Shelterwood:  Hardwood stand before treatment (Wisconsin DNR image)
Shelterwood: After first cut (Wisconsin DNR image)
Shelterwood: After first cut, 5 years later (Wisconsin DNR image)
Shelterwood: After overstory removal (Wisconsin DNR image)
Northern & Central hardwoods: Thinning—before Wisconsin DNR image
Northern & Central hardwoods: Thinning—after Wisconsin DNR image
Aspen or conifer plantation:  clearcut
Northern & central hardwoods: thinning
Highgrade: Before Wisconsin DNR image
Highgrade: After Wisconsin DNR image
<ul><li>Review </li></ul>Why mark timber Prescription Balancing costs & benefits Tree selection
<ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>
<ul><li>What to expect today </li></ul>Overview Break Outside: Site visits Crop tree marking Lunch Outside: Stand-level   ...
<ul><li>Exercise 1 </li></ul>Visit treated and untreated stands. Exercise 2 Develop a TSI prescription for a new stand. Ex...
<ul><li>Instructor’s note: </li></ul>Consider adding a slide here with images from the sites that you’ll be visiting, and ...
<ul><li>Break, then let’s head outside </li></ul>
<ul><li>What to expect today </li></ul>Overview Break Outside: Site visits Crop tree marking Lunch Outside: Stand-level   ...
<ul><li>Review </li></ul>Visit a marked stand Crop tree marking Stand-level marking General questions?
<ul><li>Evaluations </li></ul>
 
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Timber Marking for Loggers

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Developed for the Minnesota Logger Education Program, summer 2007.

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  • This full-day, classroom and field workshop will present key principles of marking timber for harvest in Minnesota in a practical, straightforward format. Participants will learn to weigh costs vs. benefits of marking timber, then mark a stand based on a silvicultural prescription and specific tree selection criteria. At the end of the workshop, you will: Be familiar with common terminology and concepts related to marking timber Have visited a marked site with the forester who marked it, and discussed the marking process on that site Have costs and benefits associated with marking timber Have marked trees based on given landowner objectives and two different silvicultural systems Feel more confident communicating with landowners, foresters, and other loggers about marking timber
  • Timber Marking for Loggers

    1. 1. Marking Timber in Minnesota
    2. 2. <ul><li>Instructor’s note: About this slideshow </li></ul>This slideshow includes somewhat detailed slide notes. The notes convey the key ideas of each slide. This should allow the slideshow to be delivered well by any knowledgeable instructor. Note that several slides include built-in animations. The word [Click] in the notes is the cue to advance to the next animation. In order to deliver the slideshow well, the instructor must be familiar with the sequence of animations and slides. Adequate preparation is important. Like every slideshow, this one is best delivered in the instructor’s own voice, not by reading the notes. The notes should be viewed as a guide, NOT a script . Any questions about this slideshow can be directed to Eli Sagor at [email_address] .
    3. 3. <ul><li>Utility slide – should be hidden </li></ul>Image link
    4. 4. <ul><li>Introductions </li></ul>Name Employer Experience marking timber What you hope to get out of this class
    5. 5. <ul><li>Workshop objectives </li></ul>Benefits & costs of marking timber Mechanics Silviculture Field experience
    6. 6. <ul><li>What to expect today </li></ul>Overview Break Outside: Site visits Crop tree marking Lunch Outside: Stand-level marking Inside: review Adjourn at 4pm
    7. 7. <ul><li>Housekeeping </li></ul>Break times Lunch Restroom locations Please turn cell phones off, or at least set to vibrate. Feel free to stand, move around, ask questions, etc
    8. 8. Forest management Boundaries Inventory / ECS Objectives Prescription Mark timber Harvest Regenerate stand
    9. 9. Why mark timber?
    10. 10. Why mark timber? <ul><li>Clarity </li></ul>
    11. 11. Why mark timber? <ul><li>Accurate tally </li></ul>
    12. 12. Why mark timber? <ul><li>Operator efficiency </li></ul>
    13. 13. Why mark timber? <ul><li>Accountability </li></ul>
    14. 14. Why mark timber? <ul><li>Reduce residual stand damage </li></ul>
    15. 15. Why mark timber? <ul><li>Control residual stand composition </li></ul>
    16. 16. Why mark timber? <ul><li>Improve future stand productivity </li></ul>
    17. 17. Selecting trees for removal or retention
    18. 18. Prescription <ul><li>Thinning </li></ul>
    19. 19. Prescription <ul><li>Regeneration </li></ul>
    20. 20. Prescription <ul><li>Landowner objectives </li></ul>
    21. 21. Selecting trees <ul><li>Silviculture and silvics </li></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>Crown position </li></ul>Only dominant or codominant trees should be crop trees. Selecting trees
    23. 23. Selecting trees <ul><li>CROWNS </li></ul>
    24. 24. Selecting trees <ul><li>Crown condition </li></ul>Image link Image link
    25. 25. Selecting trees <ul><li>QUALITY: Tree form </li></ul>Image link Image link
    26. 26. Selecting trees <ul><li>Spacing </li></ul>
    27. 27. Selecting trees <ul><li>Access </li></ul>
    28. 28. Selecting trees <ul><li>MFRC site-level timber harvest guidelines </li></ul>
    29. 29. Mechanics of marking timber
    30. 30. Mechanics <ul><li>Marking equipment </li></ul>
    31. 31. Mechanics <ul><li>Time </li></ul>5-15 ac. / day
    32. 32. Mechanics <ul><li>Marks </li></ul>
    33. 33. Mechanics <ul><li>Marks </li></ul>
    34. 34. Mechanics <ul><li>Marks </li></ul>
    35. 35. Mechanics <ul><li>Weigh costs & benefits </li></ul>
    36. 36. Rest of the day: Field site visits
    37. 37. Site visits If possible, replace this yellow box with an image or info about the marked sale that will be visited.
    38. 38. Exercise 1: Marking a Crop tree release
    39. 39. Maps of public ownership Crop tree release Identify the BEST trees in the stand Remove competing trees Focus on CROWN competition USFS image
    40. 40. USFS images
    41. 41. Cornell University images ( source link ) Crop tree release Identify and mark crop trees Mark competing trees (crowns) Remove competing trees
    42. 42. Exercise 2: Stand-level marking Instructor note: The following slides give brief overview information and images of some common silvicultural approaches. Given the length of the slideshow, it’s probably best to only show the one(s) that apply to the types in which exercise 2 will take place. For instance, if they’ll be marking a shelterwood treatment, discuss shelterwood. If they’re marking a thinning, discuss thinnings. But reviewing them all may take more time than it’s worth.
    43. 43. Exercise 2: Stand-level marking
    44. 44. Shelterwood
    45. 45. Shelterwood: Hardwood stand before treatment (Wisconsin DNR image)
    46. 46. Shelterwood: After first cut (Wisconsin DNR image)
    47. 47. Shelterwood: After first cut, 5 years later (Wisconsin DNR image)
    48. 48. Shelterwood: After overstory removal (Wisconsin DNR image)
    49. 49. Northern & Central hardwoods: Thinning—before Wisconsin DNR image
    50. 50. Northern & Central hardwoods: Thinning—after Wisconsin DNR image
    51. 51. Aspen or conifer plantation: clearcut
    52. 52. Northern & central hardwoods: thinning
    53. 53. Highgrade: Before Wisconsin DNR image
    54. 54. Highgrade: After Wisconsin DNR image
    55. 55. <ul><li>Review </li></ul>Why mark timber Prescription Balancing costs & benefits Tree selection
    56. 56. <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>
    57. 57. <ul><li>What to expect today </li></ul>Overview Break Outside: Site visits Crop tree marking Lunch Outside: Stand-level marking Inside: review Adjourn at 4pm
    58. 58. <ul><li>Exercise 1 </li></ul>Visit treated and untreated stands. Exercise 2 Develop a TSI prescription for a new stand. Exercise 3 Crop-tree management: Prescription and mark trees.
    59. 59. <ul><li>Instructor’s note: </li></ul>Consider adding a slide here with images from the sites that you’ll be visiting, and briefly describing the sites. A 1-2 minute overview of the exercise would be helpful here too.
    60. 60. <ul><li>Break, then let’s head outside </li></ul>
    61. 61. <ul><li>What to expect today </li></ul>Overview Break Outside: Site visits Crop tree marking Lunch Outside: Stand-level marking Inside: review Adjourn at 4pm
    62. 62. <ul><li>Review </li></ul>Visit a marked stand Crop tree marking Stand-level marking General questions?
    63. 63. <ul><li>Evaluations </li></ul>

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