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Problems and solutions in research
Problems and solutions in research
Problems and solutions in research
Problems and solutions in research
Problems and solutions in research
Problems and solutions in research
Problems and solutions in research
Problems and solutions in research
Problems and solutions in research
Problems and solutions in research
Problems and solutions in research
Problems and solutions in research
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Problems and solutions in research

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Problems and Solutions in Research
    • 2. Self-Fulfilling ProphecyA situation in which a researcher’sexpectations influence that person’sown behaviorThose behaviors can then influencethe participant’s behavior
    • 3. Two ways to avoid self- fulfilling prophecy Single Blind - an experiment in which the participants are unaware of which participants have received the treatment Double Blind - an experiment in which neither the participants nor the experimenter know which participants receive which treatment
    • 4. Milgram ExperimentHypothesis - Would participantsadminister painful shocks because anauthority figure had instructed themto do soIndependent variable - instructed todeliver shocks from authority figureDependent variable - administershocks and increasing the level
    • 5. Design of the experiment
    • 6. Participants - 200 college studentsand adults (told participants arestudying affects or punishment onlearning)Results - 62% pushed the button tothe severe level. Ordinaryindividuals could easily inflict painon others when instructed by anauthority figure
    • 7. Type of experiment - single blindcriticism - deception in research andethical principleSwarthmore college - young, liberalminded, highly educated studentswould not conform as the WWIIgeneration88%
    • 8. Placebo EffectHypothesis - If people are given andtold about a certain drug then theywill believe in it’s affectsIndependent variable - Type of drugDependent variable - response toplacebo
    • 9. Participants experimental group - “new tranquilizer” “new energizer” Control group - no drugs
    • 10. Results - 53% - 80% reported thatthey had benefitted from the drugType of experiment - double blind

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