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French revolution
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Transcript

  • 1. French Revolution
  • 2. “Great Fear” • outbreak of violence • peasants felt landlords were starving them • peasants attacked manor houses and monastaries • led to the formation of the people’s army led by General Lafayette
  • 3. Storming the Bastille • A Paris mob afraid Louis XVI was going to stop the National Assembly take the Bastille - July 14 1789 • they take guns and ammunition
  • 4. Old Regime • Emigres • nobles fled to Great Britain, Switzerland, and Germany • plotted to overthrow the revolution • asked assistance from other countries
  • 5. Old Regime • Women’s march • frustrated by the banquet of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette - peasant women marched on Versailles • they forced Louis and Marie back to Paris
  • 6. Reforms in Government • administration - divided into 83 districts (departments) • election of local officials • seized land from Catholic Church and sold to public to pay off debt • reduced the influence of the Catholic Church
  • 7. Declaration of the Rights of Man • equality under the law • freedom of speech, press, and religion • equal right to hold office • right to fair trial • “liberty, equality, fraternity” • did not include women - Olympe de Gouges
  • 8. Constitution of 1791 Type of Government limited monarchy three branches - legislative, Division of Powers judicial, executive Legislature consisted of one house only taxpaying males may Voters vote
  • 9. Legislative Assembly left Center Right Radicals Moderates Conservatives - drastic changes - no extreme views - believed such as end of sided with both revolution had monarchy, depending on issue gone far enough establish a with a limited republic, introduce power of king more reforms on domestic policy the Assembly often was deadlocked
  • 10. Foreign Invasion • Emperor Leopold II of Austria and King Frederick William II of Prussia issued the Declaration of Pillnitz - invitation to war with France • each group of assembly hoped the war would improve their position and votes for war against Austria
  • 11. End of the Monarchy • France declares war on Austria • Commune seized control of Paris Government • Revolutionary troops arrived to defend Paris against invasion • Legislative Assembly voted itself out of existence an suspended the monarchy (National Convention) • Louis XVI seized and placed in prision