Towards a connected world
We are moving towards a more connected, instrumented and data
driven world …
The Maha Kumbh Mela - 2013
Millions of cell phones will act as millions of sensors …
What is the Internet of Things?
ITU-T report in 2005 titled “The Internet of Things.”
A highly interconnected world that
connects to large databases and to
the “network of networks” or the
Also known as M2M (Machine-to – Machine communication),
pervasive computing or ubiquitous computing
Adding another dimension …
This „Internet of Things‟ or
M2M (machine-tomachine) network adds
another dimension to the
existing notions of networks.
Internet of Things/ M2M
The „Internet of Things/M2M‟ is essentially millions of devices
sending data for backend processing through the internet.
Everyday articles from tires to toasters will have
these intelligent devices embedded in them.
Radio Frequency IDs (RFIDs)
• Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) was the early and pivotal
enabler of this technology, with a tiny tag responding in the presence
of a receiver which emits a signal.
• Originally used during World War II in
British Spitfire airplanes to distinguish
friend from foe
RFIDs in retail stores
• Retailers keep track of the goods going out of warehouses to their stores
with this technology.
• In a typical scenario one can imagine a retail store in which all items are
RFID tagged. A shopping cart fitted with a receiver can automatically
track all items placed in the cart for immediate payment and checkout.
IOT & M2M in transport
• Embed intelligent
devices in the tires of
• Payment of highway
• Insurance companies
can give discounts to
Defining the Internet of Things
When objects can both sense the environment and
communicate, they become tools for understanding
complexity and responding to it swiftly.
McKinsey & Company - 2010
Real time data available for
Having a 4th dimension of intelligent devices enable us to
capture data and take appropriate action
Forecast events ahead of time
Take intelligent action based on event
“The most profound technologies are those that disappear
and weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life.”
Mark Weiser, 1991
Internet of Things in the world
M2M & Health
• Sensors attached to
transport vehicles and
• Forecast traffic congestion
• Re-route traffic
• Provide discounts on less
• Conventional grid – a)
Generation b) Transmission and
• Losses, outages, blackouts
(US 2003, India Jul 31,2012)
• Millions of sensors along the grid.
• Resiliency to failures
• Automatic re-routing of energy
• Ability to isolate the faults
• Smart Homes will be equipped
with smart meters with 2 way
communication with your energy
• Monitor your energy usage and
save money by utilizing in offpeak hours
M2M and health
• Implantable device
capable of remote
monitoring of patients with
• Warn physicians when it
detects an irregularity in
the patient‟s heart rhythm.
• Also used in sugar level
monitoring in real time
• The „Internet of Things‟ can
also be used to monitor the
stress and the load on
bridges and forewarn when
the stress is too great and a
collapse is imminent.
IOT in mines
• In mines, the sensors can
send real-time info on the
toxicity of the air, the
structural strength of the
walls or forewarn the
possibility of flooding.
What will we do with Internet of
Connect and Learn with Things