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Russia one of the BRIC's. Past, Present, Future. The lay out of Russia, structure, government, parliament, security council...the president...powers...economic data...latest version...

Russia one of the BRIC's. Past, Present, Future. The lay out of Russia, structure, government, parliament, security council...the president...powers...economic data...latest version...

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  • 1. RUSSIA , one of the “BRICS”: past, present, future Eric Van Cauwenberge Former lecturer KATHO-HANTAL December – 9 – 2013
  • 2.          Goede morgen - Welkom Bonjour - Bienvenue Good morning - Welcome Guten Morgen – Willkommen Jó reggelt – Isten hozott Dzień Dobri – Witam Labas Rytas – Sveiki atvykę Buenos días – Bienvenidos καλήμέρα - καλωσορίσατε στο Βέλγιο Welcome 14-12-2013 Eric Van Cauwenberge 2
  • 3.            Dobro Jutro – Dobrodošli Bună dimineaţa – Si bine ati venit доброe утро – Добре дошли Buon giorno e benvenuti ai tutti Dobrý den - Vítejte Dobrý deò - Vitame vás Labdien - Laipni lüdzam Günaydin – Hoşgeldiniz Bom dia - Boa vinda Hyvää huomenta – Tervetuloa доброе утро - Добро пожаловать Welcome 14-12-2013 Eric Van Cauwenberge 3
  • 4.           Background – some history (2) Introduction – name (1) Maps (6) The Russian Federation (4) People (3) Government Profile (20) The president and his wife (12) The Presidential Executive Staff (2) FSB (2) Economic Profile (9) Welcome - Topics Eric Van Cauwenberge 4
  • 5.          Gazprom (11) Transneft (2) LUKoil (4) Rosneft (1) Pipelines (6) Russia and the EU (11) Corruption (11) Other slides (8) Sources (6) Welcome - Topics Eric Van Cauwenberge 5
  • 6. Defeat of the Russian army in World War I led to the overthrow in 1917 of the 300-year old Romanov Dynasty  The Communists under Vladimir Lenin seized power soon after and formed the USSR  Josef Stalin (1928-53) strengthened Russian dominance of the Soviet Union at a cost of tens of millions of lives. The Soviet economy and society stagnated in the following decades.  Background - some history Eric Van Cauwenberge 6
  • 7.  General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev (1985-91) introduced glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) in an attempt to modernize Communism, but his initiatives inadvertently released forces that by December 1991 splintered the USSR into 15 independent republics – the Soviet flag above the Kremlin was lowered for the last time (dec 25th) Background – some history (1) Eric Van Cauwenberge 7
  • 8. Boris Yeltsin won the first democratic presidential elections in June 91. Re-elected in July 1996  Repeated confrontations with the legislature culminated in the dissolution of parliament (Sept 93) and a violent showdown the following month  The powers of the executive were greatly increased by a new constitution (1993)  Election in Dec 93 produced a new parliament dominated by anti-reformists  The Russian Federation Eric Van Cauwenberge 8
  • 9. Its conservative cast was strengthened by the election (Dec 95)  Parliamentary elections in 99 and 2003 increased the influence of pro-government forces, easing the passage of reform legislation – 2007 the Putin party takes a huge majority (2/3)  V Putin was elected in March 2000 and re-elected in March 2004  A loyal ally, D Medvedev, won the presidential election in March 2008  The Russian Federation (1) Eric Van Cauwenberge 9
  • 10. Dec 2011 new parliamentary elections: United Russia won the elections (49.32% of the vote), 238 seats (52.88% of the Duma seats) – majority much smaller  Later there was a lot of protest against this results  V Putin was elected as president (March 4-‘12) – 63,60% of the votes - now for 6 years – again protests  The most funny ‗independent‗ candidate: Mikhail Prokhorov - a Russian billionaire, owner of the American basketball team the Brooklyn Nets  The Russian Federation (4) Eric Van Cauwenberge 10
  • 11.  Conventional long form: Russian Federation Conventional short form: Russia  ция - я Former Russian Empire  Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic  Introduction - Name Eric Van Cauwenberge 11
  • 12. Map – general map Eric Van Cauwenberge 12
  • 13. Map – general map Eric Van Cauwenberge 13
  • 14. Map – surrounding countries Eric Van Cauwenberge 14
  • 15. Map in perspective Eric Van Cauwenberge 15
  • 16.      17.09.242 square kilometres - 9 time zones , making it the world‘s largest country in terms of territory. Population of 142.500.482 (July 2013 est.) Capital: Moscow (10 million) largest city in Russia 1.8 times the size of the USA 10th in the ranking of the population number The Russian Federation (5) Eric Van Cauwenberge 16
  • 17.  Median age total: 38.8 years male: 35.8 years female: 41.8 years (2013 est.)  Population growth rate - 0.02 % (2013 est.) - ranking 199th  The population is shrinking by 700.000 people a year – death rate is double the average for developed countries People Eric Van Cauwenberge 17
  • 18. Life expectancy at birth total population: 69.85 years male: 64.04 years - female: 76.02 years (2013 est.) country comparison to the world: 152  Total fertility rate 1.61 children born/woman (2013 est.) country comparison to the world: 178  Death rate 13.97 deaths/1.000 population (July 2013 est.) country comparison to the world: 10  People (1) Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 19. Infant mortality rate total: 7.19 deaths/1.000 live births country comparison to the world: 161  HIV/people living with HIV/aids 980.000 (2009 est.) - country comparison to the world: 11  Literacy (definition: age 15 and over can read and write) total population: 99.7% male: 99.6% - female: 99.6%  People (2) 14-12-2013 Eric Van Cauwenberge 19
  • 20. People (3) – the problem of Russia Eric Van Cauwenberge 20
  • 21.  Government type federation  Capital Moscow  Administrative divisions 46 oblasts, 21 republics, 4 autonomous okrugs, 9 krays, 2 federal cities Government Profile Eric Van Cauwenberge 21
  • 22.  46 Oblasts to compare with a province  4 autonomous okrougs = districts - governor  21 autonomous republics - a president, parliament - a representative in the Duma  9 autonomous krays = territories  2 federal cities  Each 2 representatives in the federation council Government Profile (1) Eric Van Cauwenberge 22
  • 23. Eric Van Cauwenberge 23
  • 24.  Federal Districts: federalnyje okroega (8) Government Profile (2) Eric Van Cauwenberge 24
  • 25.  1. Central Federal District (Moskou)  2. Southern Federal District  3. North-West Federal District  4. Far East Federal District  5. Siberian Federal District  6. Urals Federal District  7. Wolga Federal District  8. North Caucasian Federal District Government Profile (2bis) Eric Van Cauwenberge 25
  • 26.  Federal districts: federalnyje okroega  All federal units are grouped under 8 districts  Headed by the governor-general  Nominated by the president - presidential decree  Since May 13 2000 created by Putin to have more power on internal affairs (terrorism)  To reassert federal authority Government Profile (3) Eric Van Cauwenberge 26
  • 27.  Independence 24 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)  National holiday Russia Day, 12 June (1990)  Constitution adopted 12 December 1993 Now 20 years Government Profile (4) Eric Van Cauwenberge 27
  • 28.  Legal system based on civil law system  Suffrage 18 years of age – universal  Flag description three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red Government Profile (5) Eric Van Cauwenberge 28
  • 29. Branches of power (6) Eric Van Cauwenberge 29
  • 30. Executive branch Chief of state: President Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin    Elected on March 4, 2012 (63.6 %) Elected for six years by the citizens on the basis of a general, equal and direct vote by secret ballot Government Profile (7) Eric Van Cauwenberge 30
  • 31. Executive branch Prime minister: D Medvedev (former president)   First deputy prime minister: Igor Shuvalov (since May 2008) Government Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 32. 2012 - They changed of job Eric Van Cauwenberge 32
  • 33. Executive branch Deputy prime ministers: A Dvorkovich ( 2012), Olga Golodets (2012), A Khloponin (2010), D Kozak (2008), D Rogozin (2011), S Prikhodko (May 2013), YuriyTrutnev (August 2013) • Government Eric Van Cauwenberge 33
  • 34. • Executive branch Foreign affairs minister: Sergey Lavrov Finance minister: A Siluanov Defence minister: S Shoygu Chief of the Government Staff: S Prikhodko Government (1) Eric Van Cauwenberge 34
  • 35. Ensures a financial, credit and monetary policy, a policy in the area of culture, science, education, health, social welfare, ecology, and other spheres of social life.  Is headed by the Prime Minister. It includes the deputy prime ministers and federal ministers. The Government includes federal structures and federal agencies  The Presidential Executive Office: a special body to facilitate the President‘s constitutional role  Head S Ivanov  Government (2) Eric Van Cauwenberge 35
  • 36.  S Ivanov: chief of staff – old friend of Putin – siloviki connetion of Putin – former FSB  V Volodin: former deputy prime minister – important for the party United Russia  Alexey A Gromov : first deputy chief of staff - former diplomat – former press attache of Putin The Presidential Executive Office Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 37. Most of them are from St Petersburg, all served in intelligence or counter-intelligence  They have ties in the ministries (economy, transport, natural resources) the army, the tax police  The political clout is backed by state compagnies with enormous financial resources  Several KGB veterans occupy senior management posts in Gazprom and in Gazprombank  The Presidential Executive Office (1) Eric Van Cauwenberge 37
  • 38. A very broad term: the security of the individual, society and the state in the face of both internal and external threats  Involves priority areas: state security, public safety, socioeconomic security and security in the spheres of defence, information, the military and international affairs  Secretary: Nikolai Patrushev (former head FSB)  The Security Council (8) Eric Van Cauwenberge 38
  • 39. Secretary: YuriyTrutnev The current State Council was established by the President on September 1, 2000. The council is an advisory body to the Head of State, which deals with issues of the highest importance to the state as a whole  The Council is made up of the leaders (governors and presidents) of Russia‘s constituent territories. Other persons may be appointed to the Council at the President‘s discretion   The State Council (9) Eric Van Cauwenberge 39
  • 40.  Legislative branch Bi-cameral Federal Assembly or Federalnoye Sobraniye:  The Federation Council or Sovjet Federatsii  Duma or Gosudarstvennaya Duma Government Profile (10) Eric Van Cauwenberge 40
  • 41.  Legislative branch: Federation Council 166 seats - two deputies from each subject of the Russian Federation - two from each of Russia‘s 83 republics and regions chosen by regional governors and legislative bodies - Chairman: Valentina Matviyenko Task: "to strengthen federative model of the legal state self-determination of Russia, the unity of its political, social-economic and cultural space‖ Government Profile (11) Eric Van Cauwenberge 41
  • 42. Legislative branch State Duma  Speaker Sergey Naryshkin 450 seats - elected from party lists in a single nationwide constituency on proportional basis (7 % of the vote) – members elected for 4 years Elections - last held 4 December 2011 Is mainly a legislative body  Government Profile (12) Eric Van Cauwenberge 42
  • 43. Party % of votes  United Russia 49.6  Communist Party 19.2  A Just Russia 13.2  Liberal Democratic Party 11,7 Total  High turnout of 60% Seats 238 92 64 56 450 Government Profile - Duma (13) Eric Van Cauwenberge 43
  • 44. Government Profile - Duma (13) Eric Van Cauwenberge 44
  • 45. Protest after the elections Eric Van Cauwenberge 45
  • 46. Elections are a joke – Nemtsov & Ryzhkov Eric Van Cauwenberge 46
  • 47. Putin 60 years old - Protest Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 48. Protest, one year, after the elections Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 49. The presidency: created in December 1993, when Boris Yeltsin's draft constitution won endorsement in a national referendum.  Yeltsin was the first Russian president in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), one of the Soviet Union‘s fifteen republics.  V Putin is now president  http://eng.letters.kremlin.ru/send  The President Eric Van Cauwenberge 49
  • 50. Putin again president – for 12 Y? Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 51. The position of the president is defined in Chapter 4 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation.  He is the head of state.  He is the guarantor of the constitution, civil and human rights and freedoms.  He should protect Russia's sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity.  The President (1) Eric Van Cauwenberge 51
  • 52. He is able to issue decrees. He is commander-in-chief of the armed forces. He conducts the negotiations and signing of inter-national treaties to ensure Russia‘s sovereignty.  He is responsible for the national security agencies  He represents Russia in international relations, conducts negotiations and signs international treaties and agreements.  He is responsible for the annual budget.    The President (2) Eric Van Cauwenberge 52
  • 53. He may veto legislation after it has been passed by the federal legislature.  He determines the composition of the government  He is the chairman of the Security Council.  His basic state policy guidelines is laid out in a key document, the annual address to the Federal Assembly.  The President (3) Eric Van Cauwenberge 53
  • 54. Born: October 7, 1952 in a workers family  Graduated from Leningrad State University Law School (1975)  1996 Ph D in Economics – Dissertation: ―Strategic Planning of Regional Raw Material Operations in a Market Economy.‖  1975 joined the KBG in charge of intelligence abroad  The President (4) Eric Van Cauwenberge 54
  • 55. Worked in Germany (Dresden)  90-91: advisor of the Leningrad City Council  91-96: chairman of the Committee for External Relations, St. Petersburg Mayor‘s office  97-98: deputy head of Presidential Administration (protected by Chubais)  The President (5) Eric Van Cauwenberge 55
  • 56.         98-99: director of Federal Security Service (FSB) 99 (August): secretary of security council 99-2000: prime minister 99 (December)-2000 (May) acting president 2000 (March) elected president 2004 (March) re-elected (70%) 2007 Named Time magazine's person of the year 2012 Re-elected for another 6 years The President (6) Eric Van Cauwenberge 56
  • 57. The President (recent pictures) Eric Van Cauwenberge 57
  • 58. The Putin family Eric Van Cauwenberge 58
  • 59. The Putin family Eric Van Cauwenberge 59
  • 60. Putin and the church Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 61. Federal Security Service (FSB) Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti  Director – Alexander Bortnikov  Spent most of his life / career in St. Petersburg  Closer to Medvedev than the Kremlin siloviki  Native of Perm (1951) joined KBG in 1975  Married, has one son. Army General sine 2006  Graduated from the Leningrad Institute for Engineers of Railroad Transport FSB – management Eric Van Cauwenberge 61
  • 62. FSB Border Guard Service Director Vladimir Kulishov Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 63. Economy – overview      Russia's adopted a new oil-price-based fiscal rule in 2012 More flexible exchange rate policy Improved ability to deal with external shocks, including volatile oil prices Joined the World Trade Organization (2012) Sought to cement economic ties with countries in the former Soviet space through a Customs Union with Belarus, Kazakhstan and now Ukraine Economic Profile Eric Van Cauwenberge 63
  • 64. Economy – overview Has had difficulty attracting capital and has suffered large capital outflows in the past several years, leading to official programs to improve Russia's international rankings for its investment climate  Russia's long-term challenges also include a shrinking workforce, intractable large- and small-scale corruption, and underinvestment in infrastructure  New Russia-led economic bloc called the Eurasian Economic Union  Economic Profile Eric Van Cauwenberge 64
  • 65. GDP – 2319,517 billion euro‘s GDP - real growth rate: - 2011: 4,3% – 2012: 3,4% 2013: 3,6%  GDP - per capita 13.140 Euro's - 2011 – rank 77th  GDP - composition by sector   Ranking: 7th economy of the world Economic Profile (1) Eric Van Cauwenberge 65
  • 66.       Population below poverty line: 2.7% (2011) USA: 15.1% (2010 est.) Inflation rate: 5,3% (2012 est.) 149th ranked Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 7,9%, industry 27,4%, services 64,7% (2011) Unemployment rate: 5,7% (2012 est.) Average Salary: 19.433 rubles - € 525 Russia is building pipelines to Europe but much of its own country has no gas or even plumbing Economic Profile (2) Eric Van Cauwenberge 66
  • 67.  Oil - production 10.37 million bbl/day (2012 est.) 1th  Refined petroleum products - consumption 3.341 million bbl/day (2012 est.) 5th  Oil - proved reserves 60 billion bbl (2012 est.) 8th  Crude Oil exports 4.69 million bbl/day (2012 est.) 2th Economic Profile (3) Eric Van Cauwenberge 67
  • 68.  Natural gas - production 669.6 billion cu m (2011 est.) 2th  Natural gas - exports 203.9 billion cu m (2011 est.) 2th  Natural gas - proved reserves 47.57 trillion cu m (2012 est.) 2th  Diamonds 35 million carats - worth $1.7 billion (2006) Economic Profile (4) Eric Van Cauwenberge 68
  • 69. Exports 386.60 billion euro (2012 est.) – 5th  Exports – commodities petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, metals, wood and wood products, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures  Exports – partners Netherlands 12.4%, China 6.4%, Italy 5.3%, Germany 4.5% (2012)  Economy Profile (5) Eric Van Cauwenberge 69
  • 70. Imports 123.89 billion euro (2012 est.) – 16th  Imports - commodities machinery, vehicles, pharmaceutical products, plastic, semi-finished metal products, meat, fruits and nuts, optical and medical instruments, iron, steel  Imports - partners China 15.5%, Germany 9.5%, Ukraine 5.3% (2012)  Economy Profile (6) Eric Van Cauwenberge 70
  • 71. Russian GDP evolution (7) Eric Van Cauwenberge 71
  • 72. Russia - the other brics – grow GDP Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 73.      Currency Russian ruble (RUR) Exchange rates Russian rubles per US dollar – 32.35 (2013) - 31.32 (2012) - 30 (2010) - 31.74 (2009) - 24.853 (2008) 25.581 (2007) - 27.191 (2006) - 28.284 (2005), 28.814 (2004), 30.692 (2003) Governor Elvira Nabiullina Russian rubles per EURO – 44.82 Economy Profile (8) Eric Van Cauwenberge 73
  • 74. Some Russian banknotes (9) Eric Van Cauwenberge 74
  • 75. Russian gas reserves (10) Eric Van Cauwenberge 75
  • 76.       Biggest employer of Russia (431.000) The world's largest company in terms of natural gas reserves 487 billion m3 sold in 2012 Supplies around 1/3 of Western Europe‘s gas imports Russian state owns 50 % of the stocks Chain of pipelines: Blue Stream, European stream, North European gas pipeline Gazprom Viktor Zubkov +Alexy Miller Eric Van Cauwenberge 76
  • 77. Gas sales (volume bcm) Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 78. Gas production (million tons) Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 79. Gas sales (million tons) Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 80. Gas sales volumes Europe (bm³) Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 81. Gas sales volumes Europe (bm³) Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 82. FSU: Former Sovjet Union countries Gas sales volumes abroad (bm³) Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 83.  Partners: E.ON, BASF, Wintershall Holding, Verbundnetz Gas and Siemens (Germany), GDF SUEZ, EDF and Total (France), Eni (Italy), Botas (Turkey), Fortum (Finland), Gasunie and GasTerra (the Netherlands), DONG Energy (Denmark), Statoil (Norway), OMV (Austria), CNPC and PetroChina (China), GAIL (India), MOL (Hungary), PGNiG (Poland), SPP (Slovakia), Srbijagas (Serbia), Bulgarian Energy Holding (Bulgaria), Kogas (Korea), Mitsui, Mitsubishi Corporation (Japan) and transnational Shell. Gazprom and partners (3) Eric Van Cauwenberge 83
  • 84. Alexy Miller:Chairman of Gazprom's Management Committee Viktor Zukov Chairman of the Board of Directors, former First Deputy Prime Minister Gazprom – meeting shareholders (4) Eric Van Cauwenberge 84
  • 85. 2012 results - Belgium consumed 16.9 billion m³ of imported natural gas. A Yanovsky, V Chizhov, A Medvedev, Al Romanov , A Kuznetsov, Director of Gazprom‘s representative office in Kingdom of Belgium A new headquarter in Brussels Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 86. Winter Games 2014  Sochi will host the major quadrennial winter competitions. Several thousand sportsmen, coaches, journalists and over one million spectators from different parts of the world will come in winter 2014  Gazprom 2014 program envisaging construction and operation of sports, infrastructure and power facilities in Sochi  A Miller took the torch Sochi winter games „14 Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 87. Nabucco Pipeline Gábor Bercsi Managing Director Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 88. Nabucco West in Hungary (1) Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 89. South Stream Pipeline – Gazprom Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 90. South Stream – different options Eric Van Cauwenberge 90
  • 91. North Stream Pipeline - ready Eric Van Cauwenberge 91
  • 92. Pipeline through Poland Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 93. Pipelines transporting gas Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 94.       Transneft operates one of the largest networks of oil pipelines in the world The company moves crude oil through more than 70.000 km of pipeline Transneft operates a transportation network stretching across Eastern Europe and Asia. About 500 pump stations, and 934 tankers Capable of storing more than 20 million cu. meters of petroleum product. The company transports about 93% of the oil produced in Russia President Tokarev Petrovich Transneft Eric Van Cauwenberge 94
  • 95. Transneft – pipelines (1) Eric Van Cauwenberge 95
  • 96. One of the world's biggest companies - production of crude oil & gas and refining into petroleum products and petrochemicals. Leader on Russian and international markets in its core business - Employs 150.000 people  Second largest public company in terms of proven oil and gas reserves - 2011-13.4 billion barrels of oil reserve  Founded 1991 – V Alekperov  Merger of three former oil companies  LUKoil Eric Van Cauwenberge 96
  • 97. LUKOIL is one of the world's biggest companies for production of crude oil & gas - refining into petroleum products and petrochemicals - 0.8% of global oil reserves - 2.1% of global oil production -reserves 17.3 billion barrels of oil (2012)  Leader on Russian and international markets in its core business - 16.3% of Russian oil production - 16.7% of Russian oil refining  The 2nd largest non-state publicly traded oil company worldwide by proven reserves of hydrocarbons  LUKoil Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 98.      Every day millions of people in 30 countries of the world buy our products, and use those products to improve the quality of their lives 150,000 people workforce Proved The first Russian company to receive full listing on the London Stock Exchange Leader among Russian oil companies for openness and transparency Merger of 3 compagnies LUKoil Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 99.   V Alekperov - President of "LUKOIL" Russia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Turkey, Ukraine, USA (filling stations) LUKoil Eric Van Cauwenberge 99
  • 100. The leader of Russia‘s petroleum industry - ranks among the world‘s top publicly traded oil and gas companies  The Company is primarily engaged in exploration and production of hydrocarbons, production of petroleum products and petrochemicals, and marketing of outputs  The state holds 75.16% in the Company - 15% of shares are in free-float - Retail network covers 41 regions of the Russian Federation - Owns 50% of Ruhr Oel GmbH (refineries in Germany)  Rosneft I Sechin (Chairman of Management Board) Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 101. Rosneft in the hands of a close friend Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 102. Meeting with the participants in the seventh ministerial meeting of the Gas Exporting Countries‘ Forum. A gas exporting forum Eric Van Cauwenberge 102
  • 103. Vladimir Putin's Big, Soviet Dream Eurasian Economic Community Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 104. Russia the Asiatic gasmarket (1) Eric Van Cauwenberge 104
  • 105. The EU and Russia have a strong trade relationship Bilateral trade and investments continue to grow rapidly  The EU has been a strong supporter of Russia's WTO membership since the very start of the process to the end of it  Russia joined the World Trade Organisation (WTO) on 22 August 2012 - This accession is important for the EU  Membership will give a major boost to further development of the economic relationship between the EU and Russia  Russia and the EU Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 106.        For the first time both entities will be bound by international standards for their mutual trade Russia 3th trading partner of the EU EU the 1st trading partner of Russia. EU exports to Russia - 2012: €122.5 billion EU imports from Russia - 2012: €196.8 billion Total trade in goods - 2012: €358 billion EU largest foreign investor in Russia – investments €120 billion - Russian investments in the EU €42 billion (2010) Russia and the EU Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 107. Russia and the EU - goods Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 108. Russia and the EU - services Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 109. EU trade relations with Russia Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 110. EU countries and investments - Russia Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 111. EU import from Russia Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 112. EU export to Russia Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 113. EU Trade flows and balance, annual data 2003 - 2012 Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 114. Trade partners of Russia Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 115. According to economist Alexandra Kalinina, despite the improved score, corruption in Russia remains ―not a problem, but a business.‖  Ordinary Russians describe the level has ―high‖ or ―very high‖ - Bribe of survival (Yukos)  Independent experts maintain that corruption consumes as much of 25 percent of Russia‘s GD - A World Bank report puts this figure at 48 percent  Corruption has penetrated all levels of government and most other aspects of life in Russia  Bribery + corruption have become endemic Eric Van Cauwenberge 115
  • 116. the 2012 rankings of the other three BRIC countries are much better: Brazil (73rd place), China (80th place) and India (94th place). A notable worsening of this ranking for Russia – from 90th place to 126th – occurred at the beginning of Vladimir Putin‘s second term as president a drop of 36 places in only one year.  Among the crimes referred to as corruption practices are abuse of office, forgery by an official, illegal engagement in business activities, bribery etc.  Bribery + corruption have become endemic Eric Van Cauwenberge 116
  • 117. 15% of Russians reported to have paid a bribe in the past 12 months  The average bribe amounted to 9.000 Rubles in 2008: 23.000 Rubles in 2009: 61.000 Rubles in 2010: and 236.000 Rubles in 2011. In other words, the average bribe in 2011 was 26 times greater than the average bribe in 2008, many times the inflation rate for the same period (the Interior Ministry‘s Department for Combating Economic Crimes)  Bribery + corruption have become endemic Eric Van Cauwenberge 117
  • 118. The most corrupt spheres in Russia (in terms of household corruption) are healthcare, education, housing and communal services (services (Sergei Ivanov, the Kremlin chief of staff)  In comparison, independent experts from RBC magazine name law-enforcement agencies (including the State Traffic Safety Inspectorate) as the most corrupt sphere in Russia, followed by healthcare, education, housing and communal services, and social security  Bribery + corruption have become endemic Eric Van Cauwenberge 118
  • 119. Rank 127/177 Index 36/100 Corruption Perceptions ranking Transparency International 2013 Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 120. 19% strongly disagree – 37% disagree - 70% strongly agree – 38% agree - The extent institutions are perceived to be most affected by corruption-public Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 121.          77% of the residents felt the political parties were corrupt 83% of the residents felt the parlement is corrupt 70% of the residents felt the army is corrupt 45% of the residents felt the NGO‘s are corrupt 59% of the residents felt the media are corrupt 40% of the residents felt the church institutions are corrupt 57% of the residents felt the business is corrupt 72% of the residents felt the education system is corrupt 84% of the residents felt the judicary is corrupt What does the public think about corruption? Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 122. 75% of the residents felt the medical and health services are corrupt  89% of the residents felt the police is corrupt  92% of the residents felt that the public officials and civil servants are corrupt  To what extent do you agree that ordinary people can make a difference in the fight against corruption?  What does the public think about corruption? Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 123. Like the courts, the mass media are highly dependent on the government. The editorial policies of the Russia‘s main TV channels (Channel One, VGTRK, NTV, etc.) as well as radio stations and newspapers are controlled by the Kremlin  Even Russian Public Television, theoretically an autonomous institution, is dependent on the state, since the president appoints its general manager and board of directors  Why corruption can florish in Russia? Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 124.  Mikhail Lesin, Putin‘s former information minister, as the new head of Gazprom-Media, Russia‘s largest—and de facto state-run—media group, which incorporates several broadcast, print, and online outlets. Lesin‘s return to a senior position is no less symbolic than that of Surkov— and says a lot about the Kremlin‘s plans for Russia‘s few remaining uncensored media Putin and the media Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 125. Putin cartoon Eric Van Cauwenberge 125
  • 126. 1 4 / 1 2 / 2 0 1 3 Russia and the financial crisis Eric Van Cauwenberge 126
  • 127. Some cartoons Eric Van Cauwenberge 127
  • 128.       Sometimes in prison and released A blog is difficult to stop – anti-corruption site: Rospil United Russia ―the party of thieves and crooks‖ is one of his sayings Called to ―protest‖ against the fraude in the elections Maybe is able to unite the oppositon Jevgenija Tsjirikova enviromental activist is an ally Blog of Alaksy Navalny Eric Van Cauwenberge 128
  • 129. Alaksy Navalny Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 130. Oligarch is a synonym of ―business magnate‖ – tycoon = a person who controls a large position of a particular industry  Financed the re-election of Yeltsin in 1996 and get of lot of power  Since July 2008, (financial news agency Bloomberg), Russia's wealthiest 25 individuals have collectively lost $230bn (€ 181bn)  Closely linked to the meltdown in Russia's stock market (RTS index - 71% value), due to the capital flight after Russia invaded Georgia  Oligarchs Eric Van Cauwenberge 130
  • 131. Traditionally an informal name for the heads of ―power‖ ministries i.e. Ministry of Defence,Interior Affairs  Name refers to a clan of former (KGB) and present members of security (FSB) or military services - They came to power during the Yeltsin years  Significant increase in influence during Putin time (the inner circle – Putin‘s informal politburo)  They neutralised alternative sources of influence: oligarchs, regional governors, the media, parliament, opposition parties and non-governmental organisations  Siloviki – power Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 132. The biggest annoyance of the Russians Eric Van Cauwenberge 132
  • 133. Young Guard (Molodaya gvardiya) & Nashi Eric Van Cauwenberge 133
  • 134.           The CIA Factbook www.indexmundi.com www.russiaprofile.org http://news.bbc.co.uk/ National Institute for Public Policy Fairfax (VA) www.agentura.ru http://vladimirputin.4u.ru/ www.economist.com http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corruption_Perceptions_Index http://stat.wto.org/CountryProfile/WSDBCountryPFView.as px?Language=E&Country=RU Sources Eric Van Cauwenberge 134
  • 135.        www.ceriseonline.be www.fas.org/irp/world/russia/fsb www.mosnews.com/mn-files - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki www.waytorussia.net http://ec.europa.eu/education/lifelong-learningprogramme/erasmus_en.htm http://www.rferl.org/content/key-players-in-russias-newgovernment/24588318.html?s=1 http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/KSGI-11-001/EN/KS-GI-11-001-EN.PDF Sources Eric Van Cauwenberge 135
  • 136.          Different Belgian newpapers, magazines http://www.russiatoday.ru/en/politics/state/ www.infoplease.com/ipa http://www.englishpen.org/writersintranslation http://www.newtimes.ru/eng/persons.asp? http://www.tvradioworld.com/region3/rus/ http://www.electionworld.org/russia.htm http://www.theotherrussia.org/ http://ec.europa.eu/trade/creating-opportunities/bilateralrelations/countries/russia/ Sources Eric Van Cauwenberge 136
  • 137.           http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_Putin http://www.kremlin.ru/eng/articles/L_Putina_eng.shtml http://mosnews.com/images/g/billioners.shtml http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Political_parties_in_R ussia http://government.ru/eng/power/ Le Monde Diplomatique Saint Petersburg Times www.axisglobe.com RIA Novosty photo archives The Gardian photo archives Sources Eric Van Cauwenberge 137
  • 138.          http://eng.da-medvedev.ru/ http://eng.da-medvedev.ru/svetlana-medvedeva http://eng.special.kremlin.ru/state/administration http://www.council.gov.ru/eng/about/status/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_Putin http://www.poetinblog.nl/2012/07/kremlin-dit-is-poetin.html http://www.transparency.org/country#RUS http://www.transparency.org/cpi2012/results http://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-russians/politics-andsociety/aleksey-navalny/ Sources Eric Van Cauwenberge
  • 139.        http://eng.state.kremlin.ru/president http://eng.kremlin.ru/news http://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/russia/documents/eu_ru ssia/econ_stat_en.pdf http://en.rian.ru/photolents/20120521/173587132_2.html http://www.gazprom.com/f/posts/00/463337/gazpromreference-figures-2008-2012-eng.pdf http://www.transparency.org/gcb2013/country//?country=ru ssia http://imrussia.org/society/376 Sources Eric Van Cauwenberge