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Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect
 

Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect

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  • In fact a cloud computing study conducted last year showed that around the world there is a universal interest in cloud computing, and some key identified desired benefits organizations would like to receive when implementing a cloud solution. Cost take out was high with 77% saying this should be a benefit they get, and 75% citing time to value/speed/agility as a key benefit. At the same time, 69% have deep concerns about the security and resiliency of cloud computing. Most organizations are now looking at cloud computing from a business workload, or business process perspective, and those industries adopting cloud more rapidly tend to be those that are under substantial cost pressures today – government which includes federal, state, and local, education, manufacturing utilities and retail are early adopters of cloud.
  • Workshop conducted by Pamela K. Isom (pisom@us.ibm.com) - 05.2010 – Impact 2010 Conference
  • Workshop conducted by Pamela K. Isom (pisom@us.ibm.com) - 05.2010 – Impact 2010 Conference Exploratory Cloud – initial foray into cloud computing, with the implementation primarily aimed at developing cloud delivery skills and experience Departmental Cloud – both the IT organization supplying cloud services, and the consumer of cloud services, are within the same departmental management domain Enterprise Cloud – the IT organization supplying the cloud, and the organization consuming cloud services are within the same enterprise, but cross internal management boundaries Both BSS and OSS are within the same enterprise management boundary as the cloud services Exclusive Cloud – the IT organization(s) 1+n, providing cloud services, and the organization(s) 1+n, consuming cloud services, are known entities able to pre-negotiate service level parameters, e.g. a value net or procuring private cloud services from a third party. The business relationship can extend beyond simple consumer / supplier, but is not required. BSS is static, pre-negotiated, OSS is dynamic. Open Cloud – the consuming and supplying organizations are unknown to each other prior to services being requested. The primary implication is that the negotiation of cloud services must be an automated event, standards based, and governance terms are defined and controlled by the supplier. Both OSS and BSS are dynamic In both cases, the hardware/software supporting the cloud service are owned by the provider In a private cloud, both the consumer of cloud services, and the provider of those services, exist within the same enterprise A public cloud is one in which the consumer of cloud services and the provider of cloud services exist in separate enterprises

Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect Presentation Transcript

  • Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect A necessary convergence for sustainable business value Pamela K. Isom, Executive Architect, IBM Global Business Services October 20, 2010
  • Agenda
    • What are C-level stakeholders and senior practitioners saying about Cloud?
    • Cloud highlights
    • Practical experiences, applied convergence
    • Key takeaways
    Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect
  • What are C-level stakeholders and business leaders saying about Cloud?
    • “ The bottom line – improve user experiences”
      • Source: Several financial services clients, 2010 ; ( client consumer perspectives )
    • An enabler of “rapid” innovation and business transformation
      • Sources:
        • Cross-industry experiences (2009 – 2010) ; ( client consumer/provider perspectives )
        • Strengthening Your Business Case for Using Cloud (Open Group Published Whitepaper)
        • Cloud Business Usage Guide (a whitepaper written by Pamela K. Isom, 2010)
    • In addition to pay as you go, Cloud must support a typical enterprise budget and planning process (e.g. annual with some predictability)
      • Source: Yankee group 2010 predictions ; (consumer perspectives )
    • “ Our clients need a new kind of infrastructure that is highly efficient, reliable and secure, even as it integrates services from many external sources ”
      • Source: Samuel J. Palmisano, IBM Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, April 27, 2010 - see http://www.ibm.com/ibm/sjp/04_27_2010.html ; ( provider & systems integrator perspective )
    Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect
  • Agenda
    • What are C-level stakeholders and senior practitioners saying about Cloud?
    • Cloud highlights
    • Practical experiences, applied convergence
    • Key takeaways
    Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect
      • -71% CIOs surveyed indicated self-service IT a top 10 priority
      • -69% say concerns about security is the top inhibitor to their use of public clouds
      • -Almost all workloads require connection to other IT services
      • -Collaboration and analytics meta-patterns are occurring
      • -Over 50% of clients in Retail, Manufacturing, Utilities, Government have cloud projects budgeted or in process
    Source: IBM Market Intelligence Some interesting statistics Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect Cloud highlights
  • Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) Servers Networking Storage Middleware Collaboration Financials CRM/ERP/HR Industry Applications Data Center Fabric Shared virtualized, dynamic provisioning Database Web 2.0 Application Runtime Java Runtime Development Tooling Vendors Business Process-as-a-Service (BPaaS) Employee Benefits Mgmt. Industry-specific Processes Procurement Business Travel Business processes executed on behalf of the consumer by the provider Examples: compute resources, servers, networking, data center fabric, storage Cloud highlights Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect In general there are four cloud service types and … Examples: database software, development tooling, JavaTM runtime, Web 2.0 application runtime Examples: e-mail, Web conferencing, collaboration, CRM, ERP, industry applications Examples: HR, procurement, accounting, back-office processes
  • Private
    • Exploratory Cloud – can be an initial adoption that is aimed at developing cloud delivery skills and experience
    • Departmental Cloud – both the IT organization supplying cloud services, and the consumer of cloud services, are within the same departmental management domain
    • Enterprise Cloud – the IT organization supplying the cloud, and the organization consuming cloud services are within the same enterprise, but cross internal management boundaries
    • Exclusive Cloud – the IT organizations providing cloud services, and the organizations consuming cloud services, are known entities - able to pre-negotiate service level parameters, e.g. a value net or procuring private cloud services from a third party. The business relationship can extend beyond simple consumer / provider , but is not required.
    • Open Cloud – the consuming and supplying organizations are unknown to each other prior to services being requested. The primary implication is that the negotiation of cloud services must be an automated event, standards based, and governance terms are defined and controlled by the provider.
    Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect Cloud highlights Both BSS and OSS are within the same enterprise management boundary as the cloud services The hardware/software supporting the cloud service are owned by the provider Source: Defining a framework for cloud adoption © IBM, 2010 Two primary delivery models with … Public
  • a pretty consistent definition
    • A new IT delivery model that can significantly reduce enterprise IT costs & complexities while improving workload optimization and service delivery.
    • Cloud computing is characterized by new, internet-driven economics, providing superior end-user experiences and scalability.
    Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect Cloud highlights
  • Cloud and EA Interlock - can vary per business situation IaaS SaaS BPaaS PaaS methodology principles arch. domains Cloud enabled, all, in part, none
  • Agenda
    • What are C-level stakeholders and senior practitioners saying about Cloud?
    • Cloud highlights
    • Practical experiences, applied convergence
    • Key takeaways
    Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect
  • a. “ The bottom line - improve user experiences”
    • Problem: A COO of an international financial services company sought to improve user experiences; the ultimate goal  increase sales of financial assets, improve enterprise financial status.
    • Solution: I dentified key business processes to be simplified (not just offloaded) with Cloud. A breakthrough since some C-level stakeholders did not fully appreciate the business value of Cloud and an initial reaction was that Cloud was for IT and irrelevant to the situation at hand.
    • Enterprise planning and transformation roadmaps include:
    • Identification of new business processes to manage and monitor asset sales and trades.
    • Elimination of manual updates once transactions occur and agreements established between financial advisor and investor.
    • Offload financial performance reporting and brochure generation to recommended SaaS provider.
    • Updated architecture review board and processes to govern Cloud investments - include Enterprise Architect in business decision making.
    • Cloud business decision model.
    An international bank & financial services client Enablers: Cloud governance & vendor analysis, EA-Business Architecture & BPO/ Governance/ Infrastructure Architecture Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect
  • b. An enabler of “rapid” innovation & business transformation
    • Problem: Vice President expressed concerns that the current data center requires excessive resources to support peak loads, high availability requirements, and business continuity. Move planned to a new high availability (HA) data center. V.P. concerned CTO too focused on “test” Cloud, no strategic vision.
    • Solution:
    • Defined migration strategy and 1 month to 3 yr. sustainable roadmaps for a next generation data center in Boulder Colorado with Cloud. Analyzed application and infrastructure architecture, provided guidance to CTO - actionable roadmaps.
    • Enterprise planning and transformation roadmaps include:
    • Integrated production release schedules and enhanced collaboration with users.
    • Identification of applications eligible / ineligible for Cloud and alternatives.
    • Use of Cloud migration factory for standardized environments.
    • Path for next generation data center with HA, DR, and on-demand testing.
    • User training for Self service provisioning of test environments
    • Key performance metrics, workload analysis
    • Updated Enterprise Reference Architecture – Green DC upkeep and Cloud standards.
    An international retirement planning & insurance provider Enablers: Cloud, EA - Infrastructure / Technology / Data & Application Architecture Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect Metric: site ‘ always there ’ regardless if a component or function is unavailable– continuous Web serving.
  • Agenda
    • What are C-level stakeholders and senior practitioners saying about Cloud?
    • Cloud highlights
    • Practical experiences, applied convergence
    • Key takeaways
    Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect
  • Key takeaways
    • Your investments and experiences in EA (all domains) should be utilized to support and sustain your Cloud adoption.
    • An Enterprise Architect with Cloud skills has proved valuable for leading enterprise transformation initiatives – don’t sit on the sidelines – be proactive, immerse yourself in Cloud capabilities.
    • The ability to identify business processes, develop business cases, and conduct ROI analysis (including vendor analysis) for Cloud adoption is a critical Business Architecture skill but just as significant is the technical architecture definition and strategy.
    • Enterprise Architects know when and how to pull in the right resources (e.g. Network SME’s) to produce end-to-end solutions.
    • Think Beyond your EA framework.
    • Ask vendors about their EA methodology?
    Cloud, the Enterprise, and the Enterprise Architect Key Techniques
    • Workshops, Working Sessions
    • Host Cloud summits and/or Innovation Jams to demonstrate capabilities
    Business Technology Operations Strategy
  • Thank you Q&A Notes contact me at  [email_address]