PHILOSOPHIES OF EDUCATION TEACHER-CENTERED [PERENNIALISM]PREPARED TO : MADAM MAIRAS BINTI ABD RAHMAN PREPARED BY : MUHAMMAD ‘IFWAT RAKIN BIN ISA 029736 AESYAH BINTI TALIB 029700 AMIRAH BINTI MUHAMAD ISA 029009 ANALIA JASMINE BINTI MUHAMMAD AZIAN 029409 NUR FARHANA BINTI RAMLI 029410 ZAHRATUL DINIAH BINTI DUNI 029317 TESL 3A
PHILOSOPHIES OF EDUCATION To study the process and discipline of education in order to understand how it works. To improve its methods and the applications in society. To improve education and its systems and methods for the betterment of humanity. Informs and raises the quality of curriculum, teaching methods and the overall educational experience.
PERENNIALISM Perennialism is based on the philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, and St. Thomas Aquinas. The most conservative, traditional or flexible philosophy. The ideas are relevant, and meaningful. Perennialism teaches concepts and focuses on knowledge and the meaning of knowledge. Aimed at teaching students ways of thinking that will secure individual freedoms, human rights, and responsibilities through the nature.
WHY IS IT CALLED TEACHER-CENTERED? Emphasize the importance of transferring knowledge, information and skills from the older generation to the younger one. The teacher is not concern at the student’s interest. More focus on the curriculum and nature need. The teacher set everything based on the syllabus.
TEACHER-CENTERED PHILOSOPHIES Focus on curriculum .Education Sample al classroomLeaders. PERENNIALISM activity. Goals for Role of Students. Teacher.
Focus On Sample Role of Goals for Educational Curriculum Classroom Teacher Students Leaders Activity-universal and - instill respectunchanging for authority,truth. perseverance, - train the duty, students- to espouse consideration, intellect andpersonal and moral - Robertdevelopment practicality. development. Maynardand internal Indoor Hutchinstransformation - Experiment - act as the. (Science) director and - able to - Mortimer J. coach of discipline Adler- to search intellect themselves.and respondent.disseminate - Jacquesthe subjects - must deliver - will gain the Maritainbased on the clear lectures. ability touniversal and develop a fullimmutable - coaching in “range oftruth. critical thinking rational skills. powers.”- History,
EDUCATIONAL LEADERS Robert Maynard Hutchins [1929-1951] Mortimer J. Adler [1902-2001] Jacques Maritain [1882-1973]