Principles of Human Behavior and
Psychological Approaches
 What is Psychology?
 Goals of Psychology
 History of Psychol...
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Philosophy
Physiology
Psychology
• Aristotle – relationship of soul to body
• Plato – dualism
• Rene Descartes – pineal gl...
E
A
D
C
B
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The eye perceives both as circles rather than a
series of broken lines and dots for the first figure.
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Specialty Area Main Focus
Clinical Mild to severe psychological disorders
Counseling Adjustment disorders and milder
disor...
Specialty Area Main Focus
Physiological Study of biological bases of
behavior
Comparative Comparison of animal and
human b...
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GenPsy.

  1. 1. Principles of Human Behavior and Psychological Approaches  What is Psychology?  Goals of Psychology  History of Psychology  Modern Perspectives in Psychology  Major Areas of Psychology  Psychology as a Science  Methods of Psychology  Ethics of Psychological Research H0065
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  4. 4. Philosophy Physiology Psychology • Aristotle – relationship of soul to body • Plato – dualism • Rene Descartes – pineal gland as seat of the soul • Gustav Fechner – perception experiments • Hermann von Helmholtz – visual and auditory perception H0065
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  10. 10. The eye perceives both as circles rather than a series of broken lines and dots for the first figure. H0065
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  19. 19. Specialty Area Main Focus Clinical Mild to severe psychological disorders Counseling Adjustment disorders and milder disorders Developmental Age-related changes across the lifespan Educational Educational learning and development School Working with children in the school – doing assessments, educational placement, diagnosing educational problems Experimental/ Cognitive Thinking, memory, motivation, learning, perception and language Social Study of group behavior and influence on individuals Personality Individual differences and development of personality H0065
  20. 20. Specialty Area Main Focus Physiological Study of biological bases of behavior Comparative Comparison of animal and human behavior Health Relationship of human behavior patterns and stress reaction to physical health Sports Helping athletes prepare mentally for sports activities Forensic Legal system – profiling of criminals, jury selection and expert witnessing Environmental How people interact with and are affected by their physical environments Industrial/ Organizational Relationship between people and their work environment H0065
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