Community Engagement and Capacity Building in Cultural Planning Presented by:  Jeff Kohl, Community Animator Ontario Healt...
Community Capacity-Building <ul><li>Needs to happen at 3 levels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
“ Needs” vs “Assets” People and Communities have deficiencies & needs Individuals and Communities have skills and talents
“ Needs” vs “Assets”
Start with Capacity-Development <ul><li>Focus within the community -- on the people who live there </li></ul><ul><li>Ident...
Features of Asset-Mapping <ul><li>Asset-Based : Uncovers talents/skills found in the community right now </li></ul><ul><li...
Asset Mapping Begins With People <ul><li>Everyone has talents, skills and gifts relevant to community activities </li></ul...
Capturing Local Institutions for Community Building <ul><li>Every community has a variety of public, private, and formal i...
Community Institutions Kinship Economic Education Political Faith-Based Associations
Informal Organizations <ul><li>May be neighborhood-based, community-based, or extend outside the community’s boundaries </...
Uncovering Potential Leaders <ul><li>Every community has leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Many others in the community have attri...
Mobilizing Community Leaders People Formal  Institutions Informal Organizations
Create New Avenues of Leadership <ul><li>Move from a centralized mode of decision- making to a polycentric approach -- one...
Reorganizing community work <ul><li>Decisions and action plans in a community must depend less on a pyramid and more on a ...
Silo Services Agency A Program B Community Department E Community-Based Funding Federal / Provincial Funding Municipal: Re...
The Problem With Silos <ul><ul><li>Fragmented… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(dissipate leverage / ownership) </li></ul></ul>...
Transform Organizational Leadership to Community Leadership <ul><li>Organizational  </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchical </li></...
The Key Steps to Community Engagement <ul><li>Identify (map) the assets of individuals, institutions and informal organiza...
Capacity building process Identify planning group Inventory and mapping Analysis and vision Priorities and strategies Laun...
Community Consultation vs. Community Engagement   Consultation Engagement Example 1 Example 2 Source:  Museum Libraries Ar...
Achieving Community Solutions <ul><li>What makes the difference between a good movie and a bad movie? </li></ul><ul><li>“ ...
Levels of Working Together Full Collaboration Coalition Partnership Alliance Network <ul><li>Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>...
Levels of working together <ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clearinghouse </li...
Levels of working together <ul><li>Coordination or partnership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Share resources to address issues </l...
Levels of working together <ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared vision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build inte...
Community engagement tools <ul><li>Balloon ride </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Floating over the community in 10 years; what does i...
Key Factors for Success <ul><li>Focus on “Community Assets” – not on “Needs” </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilize and empower commun...
Perth Area Initiatives <ul><li>Stewart Park Festival </li></ul><ul><li>Festival of the Maples </li></ul><ul><li>Garlic Fes...
Resources <ul><li>Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciative Inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>ABCD </li...
Jeff Kohl [email_address] www.healthycommunities.on.ca
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Community Engagement and Capacity Building in Cultural Planning

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Presentation delivered by Kohl, Community Animator
Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition at The Ontario Rural Council's "Economies in Transition" municipal cultural planning forum in Brockville on November 17, 2008.

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  • Community Engagement and Capacity Building in Cultural Planning

    1. 1. Community Engagement and Capacity Building in Cultural Planning Presented by: Jeff Kohl, Community Animator Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition November 17, 2008
    2. 2. Community Capacity-Building <ul><li>Needs to happen at 3 levels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. “ Needs” vs “Assets” People and Communities have deficiencies & needs Individuals and Communities have skills and talents
    4. 4. “ Needs” vs “Assets”
    5. 5. Start with Capacity-Development <ul><li>Focus within the community -- on the people who live there </li></ul><ul><li>Identify capacities, skills, and assets of local citizens and organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Harness local strengths to collaboratively address issues of importance to the community </li></ul>
    6. 6. Features of Asset-Mapping <ul><li>Asset-Based : Uncovers talents/skills found in the community right now </li></ul><ul><li>Internally Focused: Relies on the community’s assets -not on those found outside </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship Driven: Seeks to build linkages among local people, institutions, and organizations </li></ul>
    7. 7. Asset Mapping Begins With People <ul><li>Everyone has talents, skills and gifts relevant to community activities </li></ul><ul><li>Each time a person uses his/her talents, the community is stronger and the person more empowered </li></ul><ul><li>Strong communities value and use the skills that residents possess </li></ul>
    8. 8. Capturing Local Institutions for Community Building <ul><li>Every community has a variety of public, private, and formal institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Some communities are “institution rich” - others are not </li></ul><ul><li>Too often, local institutions are not connected to local community-building efforts </li></ul>
    9. 9. Community Institutions Kinship Economic Education Political Faith-Based Associations
    10. 10. Informal Organizations <ul><li>May be neighborhood-based, community-based, or extend outside the community’s boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Such groups are critical because they involve, empower, and impact local citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Building a community requires a deliberate effort to identify and involve such organizations </li></ul>
    11. 11. Uncovering Potential Leaders <ul><li>Every community has leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Many others in the community have attributes that make them ideal “leader” candidates </li></ul><ul><li>These people can become great leaders when engaged and empowered </li></ul>
    12. 12. Mobilizing Community Leaders People Formal Institutions Informal Organizations
    13. 13. Create New Avenues of Leadership <ul><li>Move from a centralized mode of decision- making to a polycentric approach -- one that involves many centers of leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Helps expand the number of people who embrace community goals </li></ul><ul><li>The polycentric approach requires access to leadership opportunities </li></ul>
    14. 14. Reorganizing community work <ul><li>Decisions and action plans in a community must depend less on a pyramid and more on a series of inter-related circles </li></ul>
    15. 15. Silo Services Agency A Program B Community Department E Community-Based Funding Federal / Provincial Funding Municipal: Regional / Local Funding Region C Service D
    16. 16. The Problem With Silos <ul><ul><li>Fragmented… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(dissipate leverage / ownership) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent Clarity on the Outcome… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(not “making the same movie”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deceptive … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(“good people doing good things”) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Transform Organizational Leadership to Community Leadership <ul><li>Organizational </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchical </li></ul><ul><li>Taking Charge </li></ul><ul><li>Right Answer </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders & Followers </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility for strategy and tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Interorganizational </li></ul><ul><li>Providing Catalyst </li></ul><ul><li>Right Question </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated Action </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility for community outcomes </li></ul>
    18. 18. The Key Steps to Community Engagement <ul><li>Identify (map) the assets of individuals, institutions and informal organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Build relationships among these local assets </li></ul><ul><li>Explore how assets can be mobilized to improve local conditions/needs </li></ul><ul><li>Engage the community in visioning and planning (through the whole process) </li></ul><ul><li>Tap outside resources that help advance local improvement efforts </li></ul>
    19. 19. Capacity building process Identify planning group Inventory and mapping Analysis and vision Priorities and strategies Launch, evaluate, revise
    20. 20. Community Consultation vs. Community Engagement Consultation Engagement Example 1 Example 2 Source: Museum Libraries Archives Council Project Ideas Design Implement Sustain Project Ideas Design Implement Sustain Funding Funding
    21. 21. Achieving Community Solutions <ul><li>What makes the difference between a good movie and a bad movie? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Getting everyone involved to make the same movie!” </li></ul><ul><li>- Francis Ford Coppola </li></ul>
    22. 22. Levels of Working Together Full Collaboration Coalition Partnership Alliance Network <ul><li>Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Investment </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity of relationship </li></ul>
    23. 23. Levels of working together <ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clearinghouse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create base of support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cooperation or alliance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Match needs and coordinate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit duplication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure tasks are done </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Levels of working together <ul><li>Coordination or partnership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Share resources to address issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Merge resource base to create something new </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coalition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Share ideas and pull resources from existing systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop extended commitment </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Levels of working together <ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared vision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build interdependent systems to address issues and opportunities </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Community engagement tools <ul><li>Balloon ride </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Floating over the community in 10 years; what does it look like? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Draw a group picture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Draw a vibrant arts/culture/heritage community in 10 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design front page of a Newspaper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Celebrating success 10 years in the future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Appreciative Inquiry Interview </li></ul>
    27. 27. Key Factors for Success <ul><li>Focus on “Community Assets” – not on “Needs” </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilize and empower community leaders & champions </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure everyone is “making the same movie” </li></ul><ul><li>Engage all sectors of the community </li></ul><ul><li>Be inclusive (diversity should reflect community) </li></ul><ul><li>Climb out of our “silos” </li></ul><ul><li>Form alliances and partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Something for “thinkers” and “doers” </li></ul><ul><li>Start small = likely to succeed (getting to “Yes”) </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrate success early and often </li></ul>
    28. 28. Perth Area Initiatives <ul><li>Stewart Park Festival </li></ul><ul><li>Festival of the Maples </li></ul><ul><li>Garlic Festival </li></ul><ul><li>The Art of Being Green </li></ul><ul><li>Fall Studio Tour </li></ul><ul><li>Buy Local / Farm Gate Sales Map </li></ul>
    29. 29. Resources <ul><li>Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciative Inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>ABCD </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarking Your Org’n For Success </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Mapping </li></ul>
    30. 30. Jeff Kohl [email_address] www.healthycommunities.on.ca
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