Ndangle e learning africa 2010Presentation Transcript
5 th International Conference On ICT For Development, Education And Training, ZAMBIA May 27-29, 2010
Title of Presentation EQUIPMENT, CONNECTIVITY AND ACCESS IN SCHOOLS: THE CASE OF CAMEROON. By: Nkehsera Claire Ndangle
To present the state of schools in Cameroon in relation to equipment, connectivity and access.
To find out how equipped the schools are;
To find out whether computers are connected to the internet;
To find out how accessible these computers and internet are to teachers and students.
Case study research methodology
The population of the study - educators and managers of the ten schools selected in Cameroon for the PanAf research agenda project.
Data currently available on the PanAf Observatory www.observatoiretic.org
Interviews- educators and managers of the selected schools.
Statistical analysis and illustration of data.
Table 1: ICT Situation in Selected Schools (indicators:2.1.1,2.1.2,184.108.40.206,.2,2.3.3,2.4.1,2.4.2) Institution N° of learners N° of Educators N° of computers in the institution N° of computers for educators N° of computers for learners % of computers connected to the Internet Collège des Lauréats 900 71 26 3 20 100 Ecole Les Champions FCB 280 9 12 3 9 0 E. N. S. de Yaoundé 4550 250 145 132 132 100 Ecole Pri. et Mat. les Oiselets 600 18 8 1 6 87,5
Specific Objective 1: To find out how equipped the schools are (PanAf Observatory Indicators 2.3.2, 2.3.2, 2.4.2).
Specific Objective 2: To find out how connected the schools are Figure 2:
Specific Objective 3: To find out how accessible these computers and internet are to teachers and students.
“ Though we have access to the computers in schools and do use them, the computer laboratory time table is not very comfortable and so we most often find ourselves obliged to use the cyber cafes” says one of the teachers during interview.
Teachers have access to the computers in the school computer lab during their free periods or following established timetables.
Following the computer laboratory time tables, students are more privileged than teachers in accessing the computers in schools.
All 10 schools have been equipped with computers
Some schools: Ecole les Champions FCB de Memiam; Collège des Lauréats have encouraging computer/student ratios(average of 25/1) than others like, Lycée Bilingue de Yaounde (117/1).
9 schools are connected to the internet and 1 ( Ecole Primaire et Maternelle les Oiselets) is still to be connected.
Students are privileged than teachers in accessing the computers in schools
For schools to be sufficiently equipped and connected, with ICT all bodies concerned will have to constantly put this into every debate.
The type of head teachers and principals we recruit in our schools will determine how well we can fare in integrating information and communication technologies.
Managers are to see how well these schools can be equipped, how well these computers can be used by both teachers and students and whether the schools are connected to the internet or not.
Because some principals (C. les L. Douala, and E. les C. FCB) are not versed with ICTs it is difficult to equip, connect and create access in these schools(indicator 7.8.2). ENS Yaounde and LCC Mankon with ICT literate managers are better equipped and at least 93% of computers connected.
Initial and in-service training for managers that include the pedagogical use of technology is virtually nonexistent;
Problem of access to computers by educators;
Problem of continuous maintenance (indicators 2.5, 7.9)
The Ministries of Basic; Secondary and Higher Education.
To collaboration with school managers:
- in equipping schools in order to improve on the student/computer ratio;
- get into agreements with internet suppliers and technicians so all computers in schools can be connected to the internet.
2. School Managers to allocate more time for teachers to use school computers. Uganda