GROUNDS COVERED• Traditional documentary versus web documentary • Linear versus non-linear • One-way versus interactive• Possibilities • Empowering self-representations • The audience as active participant• Challenges • Funding dilemmas • Collaborating for diverse skillsets • Difficulties with user-generated content and limitations of bandwidth
HOW TO USE THIS• First, sit back and enjoy the show.• Next, browse over to other topics for a deeper understanding by clicking on them in the final slide.• YOUR COMMENTS ARE WELCOMED!
WHAT IS A TRADITIONALDOCUMENTARY?• An official definition: • A movie or a television or radio program that provides a factual record or report.
WHAT IS A WEBDOCUMENTARY?• An online documentary that employs multimedia tools as a new way of telling stories on the internet• Non-linear narratives
WHAT IS A WEBDOCUMENTARY?• Fundamentally changes the way the storyteller relates to the perception of the viewer
WHAT IS A WEBDOCUMENTARY?• The internet is Twitter, that everything has to be short and your video cannot exceed 5 minutes out of the window• The web documentary supports narrative journalism by developing journalistic narratives with images at the centre
EXAMPLES OF WEBDOCUMENTARIES• Journey to the End of Coal
EXAMPLES OF WEBDOCUMENTARIES• The Places We Live
THE ADVANTAGES OFWEB DOCUMENTARIES• For individuals and communities: better self- representations by making it possible to beyond the camera angle • Example: Nowhere Safe - the narrative basically zooms into the same photo of a mans face over a span of 4 minutes
THE ADVANTAGES OFWEB DOCUMENTARIES• Deeper narratives for the audience, more autonomy to subjects of documentaries• For individuals and communities: speak and capture their own stories better
THE ADVANTAGES OFWEB DOCUMENTARIES• For the audience: from passive receiver into active participant • The audience’s participation and interaction is demanded • The audience can explore at own pace and liking
THE ADVANTAGES OFWEB DOCUMENTARIES• For the audience, one’s level of interest is greatly enhanced• For the activist journalist: a powerful tool for social change
THE CHALLENGES OFWEB DOCUMENTARIES• Production cost • Prison Valley, a web documentary exploring the prison industry cost a hefty 240 000 euros• Funding is particularly difficult for documentarians • Problem further compounded since web documentarians’ work often defy traditional conceptions of film• Fortunately, web documentaries can be cheaper to produce • Highrise: Out My Window, a 360 degrees project which allows you to view real-life locations around the world would have cost $750000 if done as a film than the $150000 it had taken for the web documentary
THE CHALLENGES OFWEB DOCUMENTARIES• Technical Challenge• The challenge of collaboration amongst a diverse group of individuals with different expertise• Legal and ethical implications of crowdsourcing ideas• Bandwidth• More pros and cons
THE WEB DOCUMENTARYAS A GAME-CHANGER• The Macro picture: • How is web journalism changing and how is it impacting society? • Issues and critical perspectives• The Micro picture: • How to produce a web documentary? What is required in terms of team, skills and processes?THE ESSENTIALS IN <10 MINUTESA WEB DOCUMENTARY SURVIVAL KITHOSTED ON: HTTP://ERNIE.SG