Donor Education Aldaba

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Donor Education Aldaba

  1. 1. Key Social, Political and Economic Issues in the Philippines: for Consideration by Migrant Donors<br />Fernando T. Aldaba<br />Ateneo de Manila University<br />2nd National Conference on <br />Filipino Migrant Philanthropy<br />August 1 and 2, 2007<br />
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation<br />Key Economic, Political and Social Issues<br />Initiatives to Address Some Issues<br />Priority Issues<br />Issues Spawning Labor Migration<br />Possible Donee Institutions<br />Caveats and Recommendations to Donors<br />
  3. 3. Two Faces of the Economy<br />Some “positive” indicators – fiscal deficit managed, financial markets booming, low inflation, increasing FDI & remittances and continuous economic growth <br />But “negative” signs - unemployment/ underemployment, self-rated poverty, hunger and falling local investments<br />“An Economy of Contradictions”…... Ciel Habito, Former Director General of NEDA<br />
  4. 4. The Flaws of our Political System<br />Continued graft and corruption in key agencies<br />Lack of transparency and accountability in governance<br />Regulatory capture – agencies captured by vested interests<br />The weakness of the electoral processes – prone to cheating and manipulation of results<br />
  5. 5. The Flaws of our Political System<br />Dynasties and traditional politics<br />Armed conflict<br />Worsening human rights situation, particularly extra-judicial killings of journalists and activists of the left<br />Apathy or withdrawal from political engagement especially at the national level<br />
  6. 6. Social Problems and Issues<br />Poverty and inequality<br />Hunger and malnutrition<br />Deteriorating educational system<br />High population growth rates and poor health indicators<br />
  7. 7. Social Problems and Issues<br />Lack of shelter and housing especially in urban areas<br />Lack of access to water and sanitation<br />Increasing vulnerability to natural, man made disasters and other social risks<br />
  8. 8. Eight Major Social Risks<br />Unemployment and underemployment (11.5 million people affected)<br />Vulnerability due to large family size (3.95 million HH with > 5 members)<br />Food insecurity (29-34% food poverty incidence; 3.4 million HH hungry – SWS, 70% of all HH food insecure –NNS, 2003)<br />Vulnerability to armed conflict (2 million displaced, 2000-2006 in Mindanao)<br />
  9. 9. Eight Major Social Risks<br />Vulnerability to natural disasters (7.9. million affected, 2006)<br />Lack of shelter and housing (1.4 million squatters; only 66.5% of HH with secure tenure)<br />Lack of access to clean water and sanitation (16 million people have no access to clean water)<br />Health and illness :13 million have hypertension (RP Society of Hypertension, 2004) ; 88.2 deaths (heart diseases) 62.3 (vascular system) 48.8 (malignant neo-plasm) per 100,000 (WHO 2002)<br />
  10. 10. Economic Interventions<br />Transforming remittances into investments to sustain economic growth – Financial Literacy Initiatives (e.g. ERCOF, PCPS-EPRA, BSP)<br />Broadening the benefits of economic growth – Greater access to credit by MFIs and SMEs (e.g. CARD, Negros Womens’ Foundation)<br />
  11. 11. Economic Interventions<br />“Decentralizing” economic growth – support for local infrastructure and local investments (e.g. Local Bonds, ERCOF)<br />Economic reforms to sustain and democratize economic growth (e.g. Action for Economic Reforms, CODE-NGO)<br />
  12. 12. Political Initiatives<br />Electoral reforms – support for party list groups (e.g. OFW based parties), election watchdogs (e.g. NAMFREL, PPCRV, LENTE)<br />Advocacy for human rights – support for HR groups (e.g.PAHRA, Karapatan)<br />
  13. 13. Political Initiatives<br />Advocacy for Peace and Development (e.g. Mindanao peaceweavers, GZO-PI)<br />Anti-corruption Advocacy – e.g. Transparency and Accountability Network, Procurement watch, G-Watch, CCAGG, Ehem Project)<br />
  14. 14. Social Interventions<br />Support for community based poverty programs and various livelihood projects – KALAHI CIDSS of DSWD, MFIs, cooperatives<br />Support for hunger mitigation programs – NGOs and religious sectors, DSWD and DEPED<br />Support for educational reform – Adopt A School, Philippine Business for Education<br />
  15. 15. Social Interventions<br />Support for reproductive health programs - PNGOC, PCPD and various women’s groups<br />Support for disaster preparedness; relief and rehabilitation programs – CNDR, DSWD<br />Support for community based housing programs e.g. CMP, Gawad Kalinga, Habitat<br />
  16. 16. Priority Issues<br />Children’s health and nutrition <br />Basic primary education<br />Reproductive health programs<br />Local infrastructure and investments<br />
  17. 17. Priority Issues<br />Community based poverty reduction programs<br />Access to credit by micro and small enterprises<br />Disaster risk mitigation<br />Advocacies for good governance<br />
  18. 18. Key Issues Spawning Migration<br />Unemployment and underemployment<br />Poverty and inequality<br />Weak governance and corruption<br />Political instability<br />Armed conflicts<br />Natural disasters<br />Deteriorating educational systems<br />
  19. 19. Institutions to be supported<br />Members of Development NGO Networks and Foundations (e.g. CODE-NGO, PNGOC, Association of Foundations)<br />Micro-finance institutions and cooperatives<br />People’s organizations and community associations<br />
  20. 20. Institutions to be supported<br />Religious organizations<br />Progressive LGUs<br />Government agencies doing work with communities (e.g. DSWD)<br />
  21. 21. Caveats in donating funds<br />Look at track record; check with credible personalities, networks or peer organizations (e.g. CODE-NGO, PCNC)<br />Are there good governance systems in place?<br />Are staff and personnel capable in delivering projects<br />
  22. 22. Caveats in donating funds<br />Are there successful projects and programs?<br />Are there written evaluation and assessments from independent parties<br />Will you be able to see the programs in the field?<br />
  23. 23. Recommendations<br />Organize into groups clarifying mission, objectives, targets, outcomes and impacts of donation<br />Link with groups you trust in terms of selecting and monitoring institutions, programs and projects to fund<br />
  24. 24. Recommendations<br />Establish mechanisms to effectively select and monitor good institutions, programs and projects<br />Always be updated on the current situation and needs of the country (especially target areas and regions)<br />

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