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  • 1. Key Social, Political and Economic Issues in the Philippines: for Consideration by Migrant Donors
    Fernando T. Aldaba
    Ateneo de Manila University
    2nd National Conference on
    Filipino Migrant Philanthropy
    August 1 and 2, 2007
  • 2. Outline of Presentation
    Key Economic, Political and Social Issues
    Initiatives to Address Some Issues
    Priority Issues
    Issues Spawning Labor Migration
    Possible Donee Institutions
    Caveats and Recommendations to Donors
  • 3. Two Faces of the Economy
    Some “positive” indicators – fiscal deficit managed, financial markets booming, low inflation, increasing FDI & remittances and continuous economic growth
    But “negative” signs - unemployment/ underemployment, self-rated poverty, hunger and falling local investments
    “An Economy of Contradictions”…... Ciel Habito, Former Director General of NEDA
  • 4. The Flaws of our Political System
    Continued graft and corruption in key agencies
    Lack of transparency and accountability in governance
    Regulatory capture – agencies captured by vested interests
    The weakness of the electoral processes – prone to cheating and manipulation of results
  • 5. The Flaws of our Political System
    Dynasties and traditional politics
    Armed conflict
    Worsening human rights situation, particularly extra-judicial killings of journalists and activists of the left
    Apathy or withdrawal from political engagement especially at the national level
  • 6. Social Problems and Issues
    Poverty and inequality
    Hunger and malnutrition
    Deteriorating educational system
    High population growth rates and poor health indicators
  • 7. Social Problems and Issues
    Lack of shelter and housing especially in urban areas
    Lack of access to water and sanitation
    Increasing vulnerability to natural, man made disasters and other social risks
  • 8. Eight Major Social Risks
    Unemployment and underemployment (11.5 million people affected)
    Vulnerability due to large family size (3.95 million HH with > 5 members)
    Food insecurity (29-34% food poverty incidence; 3.4 million HH hungry – SWS, 70% of all HH food insecure –NNS, 2003)
    Vulnerability to armed conflict (2 million displaced, 2000-2006 in Mindanao)
  • 9. Eight Major Social Risks
    Vulnerability to natural disasters (7.9. million affected, 2006)
    Lack of shelter and housing (1.4 million squatters; only 66.5% of HH with secure tenure)
    Lack of access to clean water and sanitation (16 million people have no access to clean water)
    Health and illness :13 million have hypertension (RP Society of Hypertension, 2004) ; 88.2 deaths (heart diseases) 62.3 (vascular system) 48.8 (malignant neo-plasm) per 100,000 (WHO 2002)
  • 10. Economic Interventions
    Transforming remittances into investments to sustain economic growth – Financial Literacy Initiatives (e.g. ERCOF, PCPS-EPRA, BSP)
    Broadening the benefits of economic growth – Greater access to credit by MFIs and SMEs (e.g. CARD, Negros Womens’ Foundation)
  • 11. Economic Interventions
    “Decentralizing” economic growth – support for local infrastructure and local investments (e.g. Local Bonds, ERCOF)
    Economic reforms to sustain and democratize economic growth (e.g. Action for Economic Reforms, CODE-NGO)
  • 12. Political Initiatives
    Electoral reforms – support for party list groups (e.g. OFW based parties), election watchdogs (e.g. NAMFREL, PPCRV, LENTE)
    Advocacy for human rights – support for HR groups (e.g.PAHRA, Karapatan)
  • 13. Political Initiatives
    Advocacy for Peace and Development (e.g. Mindanao peaceweavers, GZO-PI)
    Anti-corruption Advocacy – e.g. Transparency and Accountability Network, Procurement watch, G-Watch, CCAGG, Ehem Project)
  • 14. Social Interventions
    Support for community based poverty programs and various livelihood projects – KALAHI CIDSS of DSWD, MFIs, cooperatives
    Support for hunger mitigation programs – NGOs and religious sectors, DSWD and DEPED
    Support for educational reform – Adopt A School, Philippine Business for Education
  • 15. Social Interventions
    Support for reproductive health programs - PNGOC, PCPD and various women’s groups
    Support for disaster preparedness; relief and rehabilitation programs – CNDR, DSWD
    Support for community based housing programs e.g. CMP, Gawad Kalinga, Habitat
  • 16. Priority Issues
    Children’s health and nutrition
    Basic primary education
    Reproductive health programs
    Local infrastructure and investments
  • 17. Priority Issues
    Community based poverty reduction programs
    Access to credit by micro and small enterprises
    Disaster risk mitigation
    Advocacies for good governance
  • 18. Key Issues Spawning Migration
    Unemployment and underemployment
    Poverty and inequality
    Weak governance and corruption
    Political instability
    Armed conflicts
    Natural disasters
    Deteriorating educational systems
  • 19. Institutions to be supported
    Members of Development NGO Networks and Foundations (e.g. CODE-NGO, PNGOC, Association of Foundations)
    Micro-finance institutions and cooperatives
    People’s organizations and community associations
  • 20. Institutions to be supported
    Religious organizations
    Progressive LGUs
    Government agencies doing work with communities (e.g. DSWD)
  • 21. Caveats in donating funds
    Look at track record; check with credible personalities, networks or peer organizations (e.g. CODE-NGO, PCNC)
    Are there good governance systems in place?
    Are staff and personnel capable in delivering projects
  • 22. Caveats in donating funds
    Are there successful projects and programs?
    Are there written evaluation and assessments from independent parties
    Will you be able to see the programs in the field?
  • 23. Recommendations
    Organize into groups clarifying mission, objectives, targets, outcomes and impacts of donation
    Link with groups you trust in terms of selecting and monitoring institutions, programs and projects to fund
  • 24. Recommendations
    Establish mechanisms to effectively select and monitor good institutions, programs and projects
    Always be updated on the current situation and needs of the country (especially target areas and regions)