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Alexanderthe great

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  • 1. Alexander the Great Chapter 9 Section 3
  • 2. Phillip II • 359 BC Phillip II becomes king of Macedonia • Set his sights on Greece – Is successful
  • 3. Phillip’s Military Strength • Brilliant military leader • Used Greece tactics against them • Phalanx- group of warriors who stood close together in a square
  • 4. Alexander the Great • As strong as leader as his father – Only 20 years old • Brilliant commander • Thebes tested his leadership; Alexander made an example of them. • Set out to build an empire
  • 5. Building a New Empire • In 334 BC began to attack the Persians • Time and time again Alexander won • Egyptian king surrendered without a fight
  • 6. Marching Home • Continued to march army through Asia • In 327 BC crossed the Indus River.... Soldiers refused to go farther. • Left India in 325 BC • In 323 BC became sick in Babylon and died. – Age 33 – Buried in golden coffin in Egypt * Alexander’s empire was the world’s largest *
  • 7. Spreading Greek Culture • Work to spread Greek influence throughout his empire • In time, Greek art, literature, and science spread throughout • Alexander encouraged the conquered people to keep their own customs and traditions
  • 8. Hellenistic • Hellenistic- Greek-like • Combined elements of Persian, Egyptian, Syrian, and other cultures with Greek ideas. – Heavily influenced by Greek ideas
  • 9. Hellenistic Kingdoms • Macedonia – Weakest government • Syria – Weakened by fighting it slowly broke apart. • Egypt – Built the world’s largest library in Alexandria – Built the Museum • Place for scholars and artists to meet – Became center for culture and learning