Alexanderthe great

218 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
218
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Alexanderthe great

  1. 1. Alexander the Great Chapter 9 Section 3
  2. 2. Phillip II • 359 BC Phillip II becomes king of Macedonia • Set his sights on Greece – Is successful
  3. 3. Phillip’s Military Strength • Brilliant military leader • Used Greece tactics against them • Phalanx- group of warriors who stood close together in a square
  4. 4. Alexander the Great • As strong as leader as his father – Only 20 years old • Brilliant commander • Thebes tested his leadership; Alexander made an example of them. • Set out to build an empire
  5. 5. Building a New Empire • In 334 BC began to attack the Persians • Time and time again Alexander won • Egyptian king surrendered without a fight
  6. 6. Marching Home • Continued to march army through Asia • In 327 BC crossed the Indus River.... Soldiers refused to go farther. • Left India in 325 BC • In 323 BC became sick in Babylon and died. – Age 33 – Buried in golden coffin in Egypt * Alexander’s empire was the world’s largest *
  7. 7. Spreading Greek Culture • Work to spread Greek influence throughout his empire • In time, Greek art, literature, and science spread throughout • Alexander encouraged the conquered people to keep their own customs and traditions
  8. 8. Hellenistic • Hellenistic- Greek-like • Combined elements of Persian, Egyptian, Syrian, and other cultures with Greek ideas. – Heavily influenced by Greek ideas
  9. 9. Hellenistic Kingdoms • Macedonia – Weakest government • Syria – Weakened by fighting it slowly broke apart. • Egypt – Built the world’s largest library in Alexandria – Built the Museum • Place for scholars and artists to meet – Became center for culture and learning

×