A newspaper is a regularly scheduledpublication containing news, information,and advertising, usually printed on relativelyinexpensive, low-grade paper (newsprint).
Newspapers typically publish:• stories on local and national political events and personalities, crime, business, entertainment, society and sports;• an editorial page;• reviews of movies, plays and restaurants;• advice, food and other columns;• advertising, comic strips;• entertainment features such as crosswords, sudoku and horoscopes;• weather news and forecasts.
History• Ancient Rome: Acta Diurna (government announcement bulletins).• China: Tipao (news sheets) , the Kaiyuan Za Bao ("Bulletin of the Court").• 1556, Venice, the monthly Notizie scritte.• - not intended for the general public and restricted to a certain range of topics.
• 1605, Strasbourg, Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien, the first newspaper.• 1620, Amsterdam, Corrant out of Italy, Germany, etc., the first English-language newspaper.• 1645, Sweden, Post- och Inrikes Tidningar, the oldest newspaper still in existence, now online.• 1656, Haarlem, Opregte Haarlemsche Courant, the oldest paper still printed.• 1702 – 1735, the first successful English daily, The Daily Courant.
Industrial Revolution• 1814, London, The Times acquired a printing press capable of making 1,100 impressions per minute.• Soon, it was adapted to print on both sides of a page at once.• In France, Émile de Girardin started "La Presse" in 1836, introducing cheap, advertising-supported dailies to France.
Impact of television and Internet• By the late 1990s - a general decline in profits.• Many newspapers around the world launched online editions.• On April 10, 1995, The American Reporter became the first daily newspaper, with its own paid reporters around the world, to start on the Internet. The site is owned by 400 journalists.
• By 2007 there were 6580 daily newspapers in the world selling 395 million copies a day.• After 2008 the rapid growth of web-based alternatives, caused a serious decline in advertising and circulation, many papers closed.
Organization and personnel• publisher• editorial, production/printing, circulation, and advertising departments• editor(editor-in-chief, executive editor)• proofreaders and fact-checkers• reporters are journalists• photographers and graphic artists• columnists• printers• circulation department
Format• Broadsheets• Tabloids• Berliner or Midi
Advertising• The portion of the newspaper that is not advertising is called editorial content, editorial matter, or simply editorial.
Journalism• Since newspapers began as a journal (record of current events), the profession involved in the making of newspapers began to be called journalism.• yellow journalism