Guidance and counseling final

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Guidance and counseling final

  1. 1. by Czarina Ann B. Alfonso
  2. 2.  School years might be the happiest period in an individuals life.  It is a point in ones life when friends are made, new experiences are encountered, and transitions turn up as one grows and builds character and personality.  The school is a nurturing environment where a person is cultivated and molded in preparation for adulthood
  3. 3. But the life of a student is not all that it’s cracked up to be. Especially that of a teenager.With raging hormones matched with a sea of seemingly grave dilemmas, who else can you turn to when no one seems to listen?
  4. 4.  Guidance is a continuous process of helping the individuals to understand themselves and their world.  Guidance is an organized set of specialized services established as an integral part of the school environment designed to promote the development of students  Guidance seeks to help an individual become familiar with facts about himself – his interests, abilities, previous development and plans  Guidance involves personal help given by someone
  5. 5.  Counseling is a personal relationship between a professionally trained counselor and someone who aims to assist him to communicate and meet his immediate needs and problems  Counseling is a process in which the structure of the self is relaxed in the safety of the relationship with the counselor  Counseling is an interaction process which facilitates meaningful understanding of self and environment  Counseling is not giving of information, advise, it is not brainwashing, it is not forcing beliefs or behavior by persuasion or coercion. Rather it is providing conditions which facilitates voluntary change.
  6. 6. The process of helping individuals discover and develop their educational, vocational, and psychological potentialities and thereby to achieve an optimal level of personal happiness and social usefulness. Guidance and Counseling plays a vital role in education settings; identifying potential barriers to learning, developing and assisting learners to overcome these barriers, assisting their transition from education to work, or supporting a transition into higher education or into further career opportunities.
  7. 7.  The student life is getting complex day by day .  Guidance is needed to help the students for optimum achievement and adequate adjustment in the varied life situations.  Need analysis of the students in the schools shows the need of Guidance and counseling services , in the education, profession, vocation, social, health, moral, personal, and marital areas.
  8. 8. 1) To help in the total development of the student 2) To help in the proper choices of courses 3) To help in the proper choice of careers 4) To help the students in vocational development 5) To develop readiness for choices and changes to face new challenges 6) To minimize the mismatching between education and employment and help in the efficient use of manpower.
  9. 9. 7.To motivate the youth for self employment 8.To help students establish proper identity 9.To identify and motivate the students from weaker sections of society. 10.To help the students in their period of turmoil and confusion 11.To help in checking wastage and stagnation 12.To identify and help students in need of special help. 13.To ensure the proper utilization of time spent outside the classrooms.
  10. 10. 14)To help in tackling problems arising out of students population explosion 15)To check migration to prevent brain drain 16)To make up for the deficiencies of home. 17)To minimize the incidence of indiscipline.
  11. 11. The legal foundation of guidance in the Philippines has its own beginning in 1951 when the Joint Congressional Committee on Education, in its report to Congress stated: “there should be established in every secondary school a functional guidance and counseling program to help the students, to guide them in their work in school and at home and to help them solve their problems”
  12. 12. To give more impact on the role of guidance in the Philippine educational system, Section 4 of Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 or the Education Act of 1982 states that the educational system shall aim to “provide for a broad general education that will assist each individual, in the peculiar ecology of his own society, to: a) attain his potentials as a human being; b) enhance the range and quality of individual and group participation in the basic functions of society; and c) acquire the essential educational foundation of his development into a productive and versatile citizen”
  13. 13. The realization of these objectives are stipulated under Section 3, Article XIV of the 1987 Constitution to which: “All educational institutions shall inculcate patriotism and nationalism, foster love of humanity, respect for human rights, appreciation of the role of national heroes in the historical development of the country, teach the rights and duties of citizenship, strengthen ethical and spiritual values, develop moral character and personal discipline, encourage critical and creative thinking, broaden scientific and technological knowledge and promote vocational efficiency.”
  14. 14. The underlying philosophies of guidance are as follows: 1. Know the individual 2. Guidance is primarily dedicated to implement the essential concern of democracy for the dignity and worth of the individual 3. Guidance is a life-long process 4. Guidance is based on human needs 5. Guidance is an art of helping individual to plan their own action wisely, in the full light of all the facts about the world in which they will live and work
  15. 15.  What is the functions of guidance? According to Jones, guidance does not solve the problems for and individual, rather, it helps the individual solve his problems This is made possible by making available to the individual all possible means, opportunities, avenues of value to him As a result, there is an increased awareness in him which results to self knowledge, self- appraisal and self-understanding
  16. 16.  How is education distinguished from guidance? Education deals with the entire scope of human development.All guidance is education but not all aspects of education are guidance. It is only when the cooperation of the individual is secured and assistance is given to him in meeting his goals that guidance is present Separation of the two is impossible.When the individual attempted consciously to goal without help, guidance is not present
  17. 17. Pseudo-scientific techniques in guidance Numerology – it is the study of the occult significance of numbers Astrology – it is the divination of the supposed influences of the stars and planets on human affairs and terrestrial events by their positions and aspects Graphology – it is the study of handwriting especially for the purpose of character analysis Palmistry – the art or practice of reading a person’s character or future from the lines on the palms
  18. 18. Pseudo-scientific techniques in guidance Phrenology – the study of the conformation of the skull as indicative of mental faculties and character traits Physiognomy – It is the art of discovering temperament, personality and character from onward appearance Spiritualism – a belief that spirits of the dead communicate with the living usually through a medium
  19. 19. Dr. Sinforoso Padilla – Dean of Men of the University of the Philippines started in 1932 a Psychological Clinic which dealt with student cases of discipline, emotional, academic and vocational problems SY 1934-1940, the Division of City Schools, Manila, selected and appointed “Dean of Boys” and “Dean of Girls” – they are assigned to look after the general behavior and conduct of students November 1945 – the first Guidance Institute seminar was held at the NationalTeachers College, Manila from No. 23 to Dec 13 with the United Army psychologist as resource person
  20. 20. Guidance Association of the Philippines – participants of the Guidance Institute Seminar organized the association 1952 – the Division Superintendent of Schools recommended the establishment of guidance services in the public schools December 1953 – another organization was organized, this was the Philippine Association of Guidance Counselors Advisement and Guidance Section was established by the United StatesVeteransAdministration, setting up first systematic guidance program in the Philippines Colleges and Universities started offering courses such as Counseling Psych, Industrial Psych, Clinical Psych and Human ServiceTech.
  21. 21. 1. School Heads – they determines the destiny of the guidance service by his attitude toward it. If he sees it as having the potential for aiding youngster in their development and decision-making chances are good that the service will flourish 2. Guidance Counselor a. Stimulates interest of other staff members towards the guidance program b. Solicits the participation of students c. Plans the guidance program carefully d. Keeps well-informed on educational trends e. Seeks the advice and recommendations of others
  22. 22. d. Keeps parents, teachers and students informed e. Counsel students f.Works closely with teachers 3.TheTeacher – the teacher’s ideas, suggestions and aid are essential throughout all phases of the program’s establishment and development  They provide appropriate learning experiences and aiding young people in their personal development Responsibilities of teachers in Guidance 1. Effective teaching 2. Noting vocational possibilities of various subject areas
  23. 23. Responsibilities of teachers in Guidance 3. Demonstrating a genuine interest in students 4. Encouraging high academic achievement 5. Holding individual conferences with students 6. Providing anecdotal records 7.Assisting the pupil inventory 8. Making student referral
  24. 24. 4. School Doctors and Nurses They are invaluable assistance to the school guidance program by helping administrators and teachers to become more aware of their responsibilities to the children in the realm of health 5.The School Librarian Her position in the guidance service is unique.They guide the children’s habits to love books to a great degree.The librarians help in the upgrading of children’s reading habits, ability and interests.

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