Your SlideShare is downloading. ×

Charging the World with Smart Energy

379

Published on

Estonian Friends innovation seminar by Enterprise Estonia. Video of the presentation: http://tv.delfi.ee/video/b9er1JlZ/

Estonian Friends innovation seminar by Enterprise Estonia. Video of the presentation: http://tv.delfi.ee/video/b9er1JlZ/

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
379
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • More than $1.3 billion invested annually in R&D*7,500 scientists and engineersCollaboration with 70 universitiesMIT (US), Tsinghua (China), KTH Royal Institute of Technology (Sweden), Indian Institute of Technology (New Delhi), ETH (Switzerland), Karlsruhe (Germany), AGH University of Science and Technology (Poland)
  • ABB has been in the energy business for 120 years. Our technologies are used along the entire energy value chain, from the extraction of resources and their transformation into electricity, liquefied natural gas or refined petroleum products, to their efficient use in industry, transportation and buildings.We help our customers squeeze the most value from each unit of energy they use. This helps businesses become more competitive while reducing environmental impact. In many industries energy efficiency has become a critical part of success, in terms of global competitiveness and being able to manage high or volatile domestic energy costs. And as global demand patterns shift towards emerging nations, increases in consumption and living standards are taxing constrained resources at historic levels – accelerating the urgency of doing more with less.
  • Meeting this demand will require adding one new 1 GW power plant and all related infrastructure every week for the next 20 years
  • 163installed
  • Cooperation:alwaysconsiderthattheonethatis EPC inthesituation, hasthemost “interest“ intheproject.
  • Remote controlSystem logRightsLoad analysisMonitoringCharging sessionsUser accountsIdentificationTariff engineCustomer supportsAccountingAnalysis & statistics
  • Socialworkersdrovelessduringcoldperiod
  • Customers feel morecomfort and are morewillingtoadopt.
  • See all eventshappeningwiththechargersSee sessions, ifbroken,ifongoing, howmanyetcSee sitelocation and tempaeratureSee hardwarestateRebootthecharger
  • Changes in the interface board
  • Changes in the interface board
  • Energy Storage Module (ESM) unit is a packaged solution for storing energy for use at a later time. The energy is stored in batteries in order to perform demand management, improve the energy quality and to support the integration of renewables into the grid.ESM includes the necessary electrical, protective and monitoring equipment along with the battery system in pre-designed and tested unit.Reducing variability of renewable generationRenewable generation is far from consistent and continuous.How does energy storage benefit the grid?Energy storage raises the efficiency of the grid at every level by:−− Maintaining generation and demand balance−− Providing smooth grid integration of renewable energy byreducing variability−− Storing renewable generation peaks for use during demandpeaks−− Flattening demand peaks, thereby reducing stress on gridequipment−− Providing infrastructure support as loads increase withelectric vehicle use−− Demand management−− Peak shaving−− Load shifting−− Renewable energy integration−− Reducing variability−− Optimizing generation peaks−− Ramp control−− Investment deferrals−− Frequency regulation−− Power back upBalancing generation and demandIn an ideal electrical system, generation capacity should begreater than the demand. Due to a sudden increase in demandor an unexpected loss of generation, the demand can exceedthe generation. This causes difficulties regulating frequencyresulting in an unstable grid.Utilizing renewable generation peaksThe generation peaks of renewable generation do not alignwith the demand peaks. Typically there is a low demand on thegrid when the renewable generation is peaking. Therefore, theexcess renewable energy is not being utilized.Increasing demand on infrastructure due to EVsCurrent infrastructure will not be able to handle the large increasein load as electric vehicles (EVs) become more common.
  • In 2008, for the first time in history, half of the world’s population lived in cities. Rail is being rediscovered as a sustainable and energy-efficient form of transport capable of reducing congestion, emissions and noise. ABB has solutions to transfer power efficiently from grids to railways, including transformers, frequency converters, switchgear and FACTS devices. ABB also offers technologies such as regenerative braking systems that capture and store energy that would otherwise be lost, and high-efficiency turbochargers boost the performance of diesel engines.
  • 100wattsbrakingenergyequalto 1MW ormorefor 20 seconds
  • Meeting this demand will require adding one new 1 GW power plant and all related infrastructure every week for the next 20 years
  • Around 90 percent of world trade is carried by some 70,000 vessels that make up the international shipping industry. Nox :mono-nitrogen oxides
  • Port / Utility:Profit: Sell electricity (newcustomers),HighermarginsPublicity: socially and environmentallyresponsibleNo emission, noise and vibration at the portNo heartinfluence (Asthma , Hearfailure , Coughing)Vessel Owner:Greenvesselstatus, Highercomfort at vessel, Costreduction, Fuel VS Electricity, Maintenancecost, Discount at European Ports (ESI)
  • The flash-charging technology and the onboard traction equipment used in this project were developed by ABB and optimized for high-frequency bus routes in key urban areas, carrying large numbers of passengers at peak times.Onboard batteries can be charged in 15 seconds with a 400 kilowatt boost at selected stops. At the end of the bus line a 3 to 4 minute boost enables the full recharge of the batteries.“Through flash charging, we are able to pilot a new generation of electric buses for urban mass transport that no longer relies on overhead lines,” said ClaesRytoft, ABB’s acting Chief Technology Officer. “This project will pave the way for switching to more flexible, cost-effective, public transport infrastructure while reducing pollution and noise.” TOSA (Trolleybus OptimisationSystème Alimentation) is a zero-carbon-emission solution as the electricity used comes entirely from clean hydro power.Thanks to an innovative electrical drive system, energy from the roof-mounted charging equipment can be stored in compact batteries, along with the vehicle’s braking energy, powering both the bus and its auxiliary services, such as interior lighting.http://www.abb.com/cawp/seitp202/f32c9ded54dc0b20c1257b7a0054972b.aspx
  • Changes in the interface board
  • Transcript

    • 1. Erki Lipre, Head of Market | 4th of July, 2013 Charging the World with Smart Energy Contribution for Smarter World
    • 2. A global leader in power and automation technologies Leading market positions in main businesses   $39 billion in revenue (2012)  Formed in 1988 merger of Swiss and Swedish engineering companies  Predecessors founded in 1883 and 1891  © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 2 145,000 employees in about 100 countries Publicly owned company with head office in Switzerland
    • 3. How ABB is organized Five global divisions Power Products Power Systems Discrete Automation and Motion Low Voltage Products Process Automation $10.7 billion 36,000 employees $7.9 billion 20,000 employees $9.4 billion 29,000 employees $6.6 billion 31,000 employees $8.2 billion 28,000 employees (2012 revenues)  ABB’s portfolio covers:  Electricals, automation, controls and instrumentation for power generation and industrial processes   Distribution solutions  © ABB Group November 24, 2013 | Slide 3 Power transmission Low-voltage products  Motors and drives  Intelligent building systems  Robots and robot systems  Services to improve customers productivity and reliability
    • 4. ABB in the Baltic States 9 locations and 4 factories More than 1400 employees (end of 2012)  In Estonia: ~1200, Latvia: ~155, In Lithuania: ~75 ABB Baltic States Overview 9 locations in Balitc States  Estonia: Jüri, Kunda, Jõhvi, Tartu  Latvia: Riga, Liepaja  Lithuania: Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipeda 4 factories in OneCampus with engineering and sales  Electrical machines factory in  Low voltage drives factory in  Low voltage systems factory  Compact secondary substation factory ABB has invested some 70 MEUR in Estonia. © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 4
    • 5. ABB in the Baltic States 9 locations and 4 factories More than 1400 employees (end of 2012)  In Estonia: ~1200, Latvia: ~155, In Lithuania: ~75 ABB Baltic States Overview 9 locations in Balitc States   Latvia: Riga, Liepaja  Global factories Estonia: Jüri, Kunda, Jõhvi, Tartu Lithuania: Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipeda 4 factories in OneCampus with engineering and sales  Wind and diesel generators  Electrical machines factory in  Drives and renewables (incl. solar inverters)  Low voltage drives factory in  Low voltage systems factory  Compact secondary substation factory ABB has invested some 70 MEUR in Estonia. © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 5
    • 6. Charging the World with Smarter Energy © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 6
    • 7. Trends moving toward smart usage of energy New products VS efficiency and automation Previously: important to invent new products and systems to stay competitive on the market © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 7 Nowadays: How to use and make the invented technologies more efficient? Energy efficiency, environmental impact …
    • 8. Trends moving toward smart usage of energy New products VS efficiency and automation Two main areas:  Power Generation  Power Usage Extraction of benefits:  Reduced energy costs  Reduced greenhouse gas emissions  Reduced need for additional generating capacity © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 8 Nowadays: How to use and make the invented technologies more efficient? Energy efficiency, environmental impact …
    • 9. Electric Mobility Photo of the car: www.elmo.ee
    • 10. ABB and early days in e-mobility ABB and BMWiX Electric in 80s  In the eighties, BMW once again (first effort in 1969) made attempt to build up a full electric car on an existing model  Basis: the BMW 3 Series E30  Major drawback Sodium-sulfur battery: battery must be maintained at a high temperature, even when not in use.  The prototypes had a range of 150 kilometers in city traffic.  Never sold to private individuals, but the German post office took the EV in the mail car fleet.  30 hp (22 kW) electric motor.  0 to 50 km/hr in 9 seconds and top speed of 100 km/hr => slowest BMW 3 Series that was ever built.  ABB supplied the electric motor © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 12
    • 11. DC charging versus AC charging On-board versus Off-board equipment AC Charging DC Charging On-board Charger CHAdeMO module DC Fast Charging Station BMS Li-ion battery Every vehicle needs to have it’s own onboard equipment © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 13 Infrastructure investment is shared with hundreds of users
    • 12. Follow the car through Europe: Which car, when? Which infrastructure is required? 2012 On the roads Only AC slow charging (3.6-7.2 kW) Smart ED Gen 1 Renault Renault Fluence ZE Twizy Think City AC charging (11 kW) 2013 Renault Kangoo ZE 2014 Ford Focus Electric Mercedes Vito E-cell Mercedes B class AC semi-fast charging (22 kW) Smart ED (option) AC fast charging (43 kW) DC fast charging (CHAdeMO, 50 kW) Mitsubishi i-MiEV Peugeot iOn DC fast charging (Combo, 50 kW) Tesla Model S Renault Zoe ZE Nissan Leaf Citroën C-Zero 2015 ? Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV Peugeot Partner-Electric Citroën Berlingo Electric ? Nissan Leaf UK Nissan e-NV200 Kia Soul Chevy Spark BMW i3 Audi A1 e-tron © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 14
    • 13. Project Estonia: Country wide network “Elmo” ABB awarded Europe’s largest EV infrastructure project  ABB awarded Europe’s largest ever EV infrastructure deployment  Nationwide network: every main road in Estonia will have a fast charger approximately every 50 km  Opened on 20/02/2013 Payment systems Membership model, RFiD 168 DC + AC combined fast chargers 507 AC chargers at office locations Turnkey project & network services © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 15 SMS payments Smartphone payments Automated acces via phone E-wallet payments
    • 14. 507 AC chargers at office locations  ABB awarded Europe’s largest ever EV infrastructure deployment  Nationwide network: every main road in Estonia will have a fast charger approximately every 50 km  ABB Estonia manages full turnkey project  Completed in Q4, 2012 © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 16
    • 15. Development Terra 51 → Terra 52 © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 17
    • 16. Innovative Full Scale Project – infra, billing, operations Structure of consortium Main contractor ABB AS   Technical integration and direct contact      Tehnology partner NOW! Innovations     Administration System for customer services System for financial management Support services for operators Customer portal and management © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 18 Main contractor Project management Systems integrator Launcing Maintenance of chargers Support services for operators Design of user experience Manufacturer of chargers ABB B.V.      Production of chargers Network management software Support services for operators Product development Software development Operator G4S Estonia AS      Operation of the charging network Customer support and training Accounting Towing services Other operator duties assigned in the procurement document Installation Installation Company  Installation of Charging Devices based on the agreed schedule  Support services for the main contractor (if necessary)
    • 17. Architecture Overview Customer and financial management system “ChargeNOW!” Network administration “Helios” Operator of charging infrastructure Source of energy © ABB Group November 24, 2013 | Slide 19 Internet Substation
    • 18. Statistics 2012-2013 Number of Charging Sessions Free charging stopped 76 © ABB Group November 24, 2013 | Slide 23 114 879 2,326 2,591 1,815 Trend is increasing again 1,624 1,684 1,094 1,246 13,449
    • 19. Statistics 2012-2013 Total Amount of Energy Charged from the Network (kWh)  Charging trend is rising again, yet there are less sessions 14,362 15,492 644 © ABB Group November 24, 2013 | Slide 24 892 4,916 11,024 9,564 11,338 14,953 14,762 97,947
    • 20. For all new things- provide variety Different authorization / payment methods SMS SmartPhone APP RFID Card Prepaid card © ABB Group
    • 21. Usage statistics of different authorisation tools © ABB Group November 24, 2013 | Slide 26
    • 22. Lessons Learned Extreme Winter Conditions in Estonia (1/2) This example is at -19 degC Lowest measured temperature was at -26 degC Everything still working © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 27
    • 23. Lessons learned Extreme Winter Conditions in Estonia (2/2)  Plug needs a cover to avoid snow  With cold plug might be more difficult to operate as it is heavy and stiff during cold periods  It might charge slower due to the electric vehicle battery power © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 28
    • 24. Everybody can see the chargers location Network overview for users – mostly used by Taxies © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 29 http://elmo.ee/charging-network/
    • 25. Monitoring by ABB – technical information / log reading © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 30
    • 26. ABB maintenance portal Scalability is important © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 31
    • 27. Continues Improvement EV Charging Stations Continues learning and improvement is ongoing in any business:   Changed Internet Modem – simpler and more reliable; 3G heavily used by cellphones and hence sometimes difficult with connections (2G more reliable, more powerful antennas in place)  | Slide 32 Thermo sensor – the EVC “too warm“ inside; could be lowered and made more efficient. Temperature cabinets did not indicate the “condition of Estonian weather“. Changes in process for EE  © ABB Group Month DD, Year All the experience is used with product development and with new solutions Door sensors indicated that the door is open
    • 28. Continues Improvement Also with end-users… Continues learning and improvement is also ongoing with end-users:   © ABB Group Month DD, Year | Slide 33 Initially we saw calls on how to use the station (G4S) Calls that station not working, although it was working
    • 29. The Terra 53 can be configured with 1, 2 or 3 outlets CCS, CHAdeMO AND AC support all fast charging EV’s June: CCS Oct.: CHAdeMO & CCS Dec. : CHAdeMO , CCS & AC
    • 30. The knowledge you have in one country travels fast to another, within ABB © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 35
    • 31. Energy Storage Modules (ESM) Reliable Power, when it’s needed Energy Storage Module (ESM) unit is a packaged solution for storing energy for use at a  More stable power later time. The energy is stored in batteries in order to perform demand  Balancing improve the energy quality and to support the integration of renewables into management,generation and demand theReducing variability of renewable generation. grid.    ESM portfolio includes: Utilizing renewable generation peaks   Community Managing peak Energy Storage Systems - designed for 25 – 50 kW, 2 – 4 hours demand   Distrubuted Energy Increasing demand onStorage Systems - designed for 100 kW – 4 MW, 15 min to 4 infrastructure due to EVs hours © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 36
    • 32. ABB’s commitment to energy storage Used car batteries  Nov 2012: GM & ABB demonstrated Stationary grid power storage system based on used Chevrolet Volt Batteries  50 kWh, 25 kW  Providing back-up power & frequency regulation  Jan 2012: Nissan, Sumitomo, 4R corp. & ABB investigate second life use of batteries of Nissan Leaf  Experimenting with community energy storage system applications © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 37
    • 33. Railway is becoming more inportant 2008 © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 38 50% Cities
    • 34. Train braking power captured, stored and re-distributed © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 39
    • 35. Energy Storage Systems - Enviline For better energy efficiency   © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 40 ENVILINE ESS Whenever a train brakes at a station, its kinetic energy is converted into electricity and returned on the traction power line. Most of the time, onboard loads and distant trains can only take a small portion of this energy, and the surplus is wasted into onboard or wayside resistors. ENVILINE ESS stores and recycles this surplus energy, reducing the total energy consumption of a rail transportation system by 10 – 30 percent.
    • 36. One vessel emets equivalent amount of NOX in 8h at the port as 10’000 cars each driving 1’000 km 1x = 10’000 x 10’000 cars x 0.1 g/km x 1000 km = 1.0 t NOx 11.8 kg/MWh x 8 h x 12 MW = 1.1 t NOx © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 41
    • 37. Shore to Ship Power Emission Reduction Shore-to-ship power is the solution for electric connection of vessels at a port or at a shipyard to reduce emissions, noise and vibration Onshore: Substation Frequency converter 50/60 Hz Cable system Onboard: Shore connection panel © ABB Baltic November 24, 2013 | Slide 42
    • 38. Where the World is Heading High-Capacity Flash Charging Electric Bus System TOSA, Geneve airport example  Fewer overhead cables in cities  Rapid battery recharging in 15 seconds  Batteries are re-charged while the bus is at the bus stop  Rapid charge at every 3rd of 4th bus stop  One ultrafast station: charging 3-4 min (main stop) © ABB Group Month DD, Year | Slide 43
    • 39. THANK YOU! Questions? Erki Lipre Head of Market, Estonia ABB AS Pärnu mnt 148, 11317 Tallinn, Estonia Mobile: +37256801866 E-mail: erki.lipre@ee.abb.com © ABB Group Month DD, Year | Slide 44

    ×