World War II – Unit 8 - Term II
Ch 20.1/.2/.4

 Ch 21

#9
Film/Interview & Unit Extra Credit
 Check on Canvas – Unit 8 Page
 Sign up by next Wednesday for Both

 Film/Int – Due:...
During the Great Depression
&
Axis Powers
(Rise of Totalitarianism)
Ch 20.1
FDR’s Strategy in the 1930’s
- American Foreign Policy
1) Stay out of European Problems

- Economic Troubles at Home : GD
...
Three Great Challenges developed
in our Foreign Policy

1) ITALY

- chaos after WWI: no jobs/poor economy
Benito Mussolini...
Scale Model of Rome
Fascist Political Parties
established in Italy & Germany
 Fascism – what is it?
Preaches that the
Nation and the Race
wer...
German Govt. after WWI
The Weimar Republic 1918-1934
- emerged after Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated
the throne at the end of th...
2) Hitler’s Germany
Germany was almost destroyed following the Great War
& In 1929 hit by the Depression
- Adolf Hitler: B...
Hitler Packet
 Read Packet
 Answer Questions on a separate sheet of paper

1. Evaluation #1 – 10
2. Hitler’s Book #1-5
T...
Treaty of Versailles
 Post-WW1 – Hitler stayed







in German army
acted as a “mole” and
spied on various
communist organizations
One g...
 Hitler on trial –
high treason

 A political circus –
sympathetic
judge, minimal
sentence…
 Landsberg Prison
 Mein Ka...
 NAZI focus shifted to

propaganda and
electoral success and
winning the support of big
business
 “First power, then pol...
 Seats won in

the Reichstag
 1932 saw a
(NAZI)

plurality
(no majority)
But the most
 Rohm’s

“Brown Shirts”
S.A in th...
Pres. Paul Von Hindenburg
- felt Hitler would be good for Gr. (if controlled)
 Eliminate the riots on the streets

Appoin...
The Reichstag Fire Suited Hitler’s Needs
Hitler & Hindenburg
massive state propaganda program

Nuremberg Rallies




Joseph Goebbels, as Min. of Truth and
Enlightenment, created the...
Letter from Ludendorff to Hindenburg in 1933
“By appointing Hitler Chancellor of the Reich, you
have handed over our sacre...
The Road to World War
Pre WWII
st part
Ch 20.2 / 1
Hitler Makes Demands
Pre - WWII


Re-Builds Military – against Treaty of Versailles
 Armies occupy the Rhineland - 1936
...
Germany Enters
the Rhineland
March 7, 1936
The Austrian Anschluss, 1936
The “Problem” of the Sudetenland
German Troops Parade in Streets of a
Czechoslovakian Town, ca. 1938
Appeasement
 European Leaders give into Hitler’s

demands in order to avoid another war
 Felt they could preserve peace ...
Munich Pact of 1938
 Europe’s Leaders gave

Hitler the Sudetenland
Br. Prime Minister
– Neville Chamberlain
 Hitler Prom...
The “Great Peace/Piece” of Paper
-peace in our time: Chamberlain
Hitler tore up the Paper
1) Took the Rest of Czech. - 1939
2) Signed a Nonaggression Pact with Stalin

- Gr. & Soviet Unio...
The Nazi-Soviet
Non-Aggression Pact of 1939

Foreign Ministers
von Ribbentrop & Molotov
Invasion of Poland
1. Why is Poland in a vunerable position?
2. Why is Great Britain in a stronger position?
Call to Arms -video
- 5 minute video clip: Topic –

Appeasement

followed by – Japan / Pearl Harbor
then

Pre-WWII Quiz – ...
World War II
Before America Enters
Ch 20.2 – The War Begins - p. 690 – Hitler Crushes Europe
Read & Complete in Notebook -...
April 9, 1940
WAR
Hitler unleashes Blitzkrieg
against Norway & Denmark
May 10 – Netherlands & Belgium
& Lux.
The Maginot Line
Defensive Fortifications Between France & Germany

Allied Troops
after the
Invasion of
Belgium?

41
Massive defensive fortifications on the border

42
43
44
45
46
Hitler attacks where the defenses are weakest

The Ardennes Forest/neutral Belgium

47
Ardennes : largely undefended
- the Germans Smashed Through
49
Dunkirk -338,000 Fr. & Br Troops evacuated
by 850 British Ships of all types / military & Civilian
May 28 – June 4, 1940
H...
June 22, 1940 – Hitler personally
accepts French surrender in Paris
Hitler – Sightseeing in Paris

52
53
The French Underground
Charles de Gaulle

Free French Resistance Forces
Winston Churchill – New P.M. / Parliament

“Their Finest Hour” – June 4, 1940 / 1 min
Britain Will Never Surrender

“Hitle...
Operation Sealion
– Invasion Plan of Great Britian
The Battle of Britain summer 1940
- Air war to win control of the sky
Luftwaffe

RAF

British Spitfire
The Blitz – Night time raids
with heavy bombers on civilian population
October 12, 1940
Hitler Cancels Operation Sea lion
Churchill pleads for American
support in the War

“Give us the
tools, and we will
finish the job”
Short film for review
France/Maginot Line & The Battle of Britain

Worksheet: America - Before the War
- did we supply the...
Foreign policy & hitler
Foreign policy & hitler
Foreign policy & hitler
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Foreign policy & hitler

  1. 1. World War II – Unit 8 - Term II Ch 20.1/.2/.4  Ch 21 #9
  2. 2. Film/Interview & Unit Extra Credit  Check on Canvas – Unit 8 Page  Sign up by next Wednesday for Both  Film/Int – Due: Tuesday the 28th  Ex Cr – Day before Unit 8 Test
  3. 3. During the Great Depression & Axis Powers (Rise of Totalitarianism) Ch 20.1
  4. 4. FDR’s Strategy in the 1930’s - American Foreign Policy 1) Stay out of European Problems - Economic Troubles at Home : GD - Costs of the Great War(Lives & $) 2) Western Hemisphere Nations “Good Neighbor” Policy  FDR stated – U.S. should not interfere w/internal affairs of Latin Am. Neighbors - would we keep our word?
  5. 5. Three Great Challenges developed in our Foreign Policy 1) ITALY - chaos after WWI: no jobs/poor economy Benito Mussolini burst onto the scene A) Challenged the Italians to rebuild - their economy & prestige B) Ruthless tactics allowed him to gain control of the Govt.(armed thugs/streets) - made people want a strong leader “Black Shirts” destroyed political opposition C) Brought energy & discipline back to Italy
  6. 6. Scale Model of Rome
  7. 7. Fascist Political Parties established in Italy & Germany  Fascism – what is it? Preaches that the Nation and the Race were more important than the Individual Citizens gave up Rights In order to be: Strong & Safe
  8. 8. German Govt. after WWI The Weimar Republic 1918-1934 - emerged after Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated the throne at the end of the war - President Paul Von Hindenburg Gen. Ludendorff hated the new Govt. (should have never signed the shameful treaty)
  9. 9. 2) Hitler’s Germany Germany was almost destroyed following the Great War & In 1929 hit by the Depression - Adolf Hitler: Builds the Nazi party - Learns from Mussolini (hero) - Wants a strong & united Germany “Brown Shirts-S.A” roam the Streets - Finds Scapegoats to Blame (Jews / Comm. / Weimar Rep. / Treaty of V) - Attempts to Dominate the World - Hitler gains from support of Gen. Ludendorff
  10. 10. Hitler Packet  Read Packet  Answer Questions on a separate sheet of paper 1. Evaluation #1 – 10 2. Hitler’s Book #1-5 Turn In Tomorrow Quiz on Hitler – When Completed
  11. 11. Treaty of Versailles
  12. 12.  Post-WW1 – Hitler stayed      in German army acted as a “mole” and spied on various communist organizations One group he spied on German Workers Party In 1919 they became: National Socialist (Nazi) with Hitler as the leader Munich /Beer Hall Putsch - Ludendorff (1923)  The failure of the Beer Hall Putsch demonstrates that power needs to be taken through legal means
  13. 13.  Hitler on trial – high treason  A political circus – sympathetic judge, minimal sentence…  Landsberg Prison  Mein Kampf  Lebensraum  Biological/ Racial anti-Semitism
  14. 14.  NAZI focus shifted to propaganda and electoral success and winning the support of big business  “First power, then politics”  The “Germany Flights”
  15. 15.  Seats won in the Reichstag  1932 saw a (NAZI) plurality (no majority) But the most  Rohm’s “Brown Shirts” S.A in the streets…  Ludendorff Regrets his support
  16. 16. Pres. Paul Von Hindenburg - felt Hitler would be good for Gr. (if controlled)  Eliminate the riots on the streets Appoints Hitler Chancellor(1933) – to help lead the coalition Govt. 1934 – Hindenburg Dies Hitler declares himself Fuehrer(supreme leader) - Quickly moves to eliminate all opposition - By 1936 : Axis Powers are formed w/Italy
  17. 17. The Reichstag Fire Suited Hitler’s Needs
  18. 18. Hitler & Hindenburg
  19. 19. massive state propaganda program Nuremberg Rallies   Joseph Goebbels, as Min. of Truth and Enlightenment, created the “Big Lie” Unacceptable ideas were stamped out – the “Burning of the Books”
  20. 20. Letter from Ludendorff to Hindenburg in 1933 “By appointing Hitler Chancellor of the Reich, you have handed over our sacred German Fatherland to one of the greatest demagogues of all time. I prophesy to you this evil man will plunge our Reich into the abyss and will inflict immeasurable woe on our nation. Future generations will curse you in your grave for this action.” The Hitler Youth Reading – 10 Bullets in your notes
  21. 21. The Road to World War Pre WWII st part Ch 20.2 / 1
  22. 22. Hitler Makes Demands Pre - WWII  Re-Builds Military – against Treaty of Versailles  Armies occupy the Rhineland - 1936  Forms the Anschluss (Union w/Austria) - 1936  Enters the Sudetenland (Western Czech.) - 1938 European Leaders Did Nothing to Stop Hitler - Why? 1) Family Affair 2) Lebensraum 3) Who could want another war?
  23. 23. Germany Enters the Rhineland March 7, 1936
  24. 24. The Austrian Anschluss, 1936
  25. 25. The “Problem” of the Sudetenland
  26. 26. German Troops Parade in Streets of a Czechoslovakian Town, ca. 1938
  27. 27. Appeasement  European Leaders give into Hitler’s demands in order to avoid another war  Felt they could preserve peace if they gave into Hitler “Lines in the Sand”
  28. 28. Munich Pact of 1938  Europe’s Leaders gave Hitler the Sudetenland Br. Prime Minister – Neville Chamberlain  Hitler Promised to Make : “NO NEW TERRITORIAL DEMANDS IN EUROPE” Appeasement in Action
  29. 29. The “Great Peace/Piece” of Paper -peace in our time: Chamberlain
  30. 30. Hitler tore up the Paper 1) Took the Rest of Czech. - 1939 2) Signed a Nonaggression Pact with Stalin - Gr. & Soviet Union(his mortal enemy) 3) Germany & Soviets Invades Poland Sept. 1, 1939 - Blitzkrieg is unleashed in Europe Br. & Fr. – have an alliance with Poland When will they attack Germany?
  31. 31. The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact of 1939 Foreign Ministers von Ribbentrop & Molotov
  32. 32. Invasion of Poland
  33. 33. 1. Why is Poland in a vunerable position? 2. Why is Great Britain in a stronger position?
  34. 34. Call to Arms -video - 5 minute video clip: Topic – Appeasement followed by – Japan / Pearl Harbor then Pre-WWII Quiz – 40 pts T & F
  35. 35. World War II Before America Enters Ch 20.2 – The War Begins - p. 690 – Hitler Crushes Europe Read & Complete in Notebook - # ___ The Fall of France The Miracle at Dunkirk The Battle of Britain “Britain Remains Defiant” – p. 693 8 Bullet Points in Notebook for each(24 total) **look for Key Terms & Events** 38
  36. 36. April 9, 1940 WAR Hitler unleashes Blitzkrieg against Norway & Denmark
  37. 37. May 10 – Netherlands & Belgium & Lux.
  38. 38. The Maginot Line Defensive Fortifications Between France & Germany Allied Troops after the Invasion of Belgium? 41
  39. 39. Massive defensive fortifications on the border 42
  40. 40. 43
  41. 41. 44
  42. 42. 45
  43. 43. 46
  44. 44. Hitler attacks where the defenses are weakest The Ardennes Forest/neutral Belgium 47
  45. 45. Ardennes : largely undefended - the Germans Smashed Through
  46. 46. 49
  47. 47. Dunkirk -338,000 Fr. & Br Troops evacuated by 850 British Ships of all types / military & Civilian May 28 – June 4, 1940 Hitler Delayed Attack?
  48. 48. June 22, 1940 – Hitler personally accepts French surrender in Paris
  49. 49. Hitler – Sightseeing in Paris 52
  50. 50. 53
  51. 51. The French Underground Charles de Gaulle Free French Resistance Forces
  52. 52. Winston Churchill – New P.M. / Parliament “Their Finest Hour” – June 4, 1940 / 1 min Britain Will Never Surrender “Hitler is a monster of wickedness, insatiable in his lust for blood and plunder.” They Must Break Us in this Island or Lose the War
  53. 53. Operation Sealion – Invasion Plan of Great Britian
  54. 54. The Battle of Britain summer 1940 - Air war to win control of the sky Luftwaffe RAF British Spitfire
  55. 55. The Blitz – Night time raids with heavy bombers on civilian population
  56. 56. October 12, 1940 Hitler Cancels Operation Sea lion
  57. 57. Churchill pleads for American support in the War “Give us the tools, and we will finish the job”
  58. 58. Short film for review France/Maginot Line & The Battle of Britain Worksheet: America - Before the War - did we supply the tools Churchill needed? Ch 20.1 & 20.4 Due – End of Class #7. Look up the Garden Hose story FDR told to Explain Lend-Lease #8. Reuben James (p. 705) 61

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