Anat321demoreview Lab Rev1234 2009
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Anat321demoreview Lab Rev1234 2009

on

  • 1,769 views

The review lab

The review lab

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,769
Views on SlideShare
1,767
Embed Views
2

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
167
Comments
0

1 Embed 2

http://www.slideshare.net 2

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • Remove tags
  • Remove tags
  • Remove tags
  • Remove tags

Anat321demoreview Lab Rev1234 2009 Anat321demoreview Lab Rev1234 2009 Presentation Transcript

  • ANAT 321 REVIEW LABORATORY (slides created by Emma Duerden, M.Sc.) NEUROANATOMY LAB
  • GENERAL INFORMATION
    • Lab exam is in slide format
    ANAT 321
    • 50% material will be from the labs, and the other 50% will be myelin stained sections
    • Quiz available on MACSS website
    • Neuroanatomy websites:
      • Digital anatomist:
        • http://www9.biostr.washington.edu/da.html
      • The Human Brain: Dissections of the Real Brain
        • http://www.vh.org/adult/provider/anatomy/BrainAnatomy/BrainAnatomy.html
      • Neuroanatomy and neuropathology on the Internet
        • www.neuropat.dote.hu/
    • These slides created by Emma Duerden, M.Sc.
    Neuroanatomy Websites ANAT 321 NEUROANATOMY LAB View slide
  • REVIEW LABS 1 & 2
    • Lab 1
      • Dorsal and ventral views of the brainstem
      • Medulla
      • Pons
      • Midbrain
      • Cranial nerves
    • Lab 2
      • Dorsal views of the brainstem
      • Transected midbrain
      • Sagittal sections
    View slide
  • REVIEW LABS 3 & 4
    • Lab 3
      • Cerebral vasculature
      • Meninges
      • Cerebral Spinal Fluid (CSF) production
      • Hemispheric anatomy
        • Lateral and medial views
    • Lab 4
      • Basal ganglia
        • Coronal and horizontal views
  • BRAINSTEM VENTRAL VIEW MIDBRAIN medulla pons midbrain
  • BRAINSTEM VENTRAL VIEW MIDBRAIN medulla pons midbrain Cerebral peduncle CN 3 CN 5 CN 6 Pyramid CN 9 CN 8 CN 7 CN 10 Inferior olive
  • Internal capsule – cerebral peduncles - pyramids Cerebral peduncles Internal capsule pyramids
  • BRAINSTEM VENTRAL VIEW MIDBRAIN medulla pons midbrain
  • BRAINSTEM VENTRAL VIEW MIDBRAIN medulla pons midbrain Cerebral peduncle CN 3 CN 5 CN 6 Pyramid CN 9 CN 8 CN 7 CN 10 Inferior olive
  • REVIEW: LAB 1
    • Question
      • Which cranial nerve exits superior to the pyramids at the level of the pons?
    • Answer
      • The CN6
  • BRAINSTEM DORSAL VIEW w / out cerebellum
  • BRAINSTEM DORSAL VIEW w / out cerebellum Superior colliculus Middle cerebellar peduncle Inferior cerebellar peduncle Nucleus gracilis Nucleus cuneatus 4 th ventricle inferior colliculus
  • REVIEW: LAB 1
    • Question
      • Which cranial nerves lies behind inferior olives?
    • Answer
      • CN 9 &10
  • REVIEW: LAB 1
    • Question
      • What is the relationship between the cerebral peduncles and the pyramids?
  • HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW
  • HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW thalamus septum pellicudum Anterior commissure Lamina terminalis mamillary body optic chiasm aqueduct 4th ventricle
  • HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW
  • HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW 3 rd ventricle fornix Corpus callosum hypothalamus infundibulum
  • HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW
  • HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW 3 rd ventricle thalamus 4th ventricle fornix Corpus callosum septum pellucidum Anterior commissure Lamina terminalis hypothalamus hypothalamic sulcus mamillary body infundibulum Optic chiasm Foramen of Monroe
  • REVIEW: LAB 2
    • Be sure that you understand the shape of the fornix
    • Answer
      • The fornix is a white matter fiber intra-hemispheric structure that connects the hippocampus to the mammillary bodies
    hippocampi
  • BRAINSTEM DORSAL VIEW w / out cerebellum
  • BRAINSTEM DORSAL VIEW w / out cerebellum Superior colliculus Superior cerebellar peduncle Middle cerebellar peduncle Inferior cerebellar peduncle Nucleus gracilis Nucleus cuneatus 4 th ventricle Medial geniculate nucleus Pulvinar inferior colliculus brachium
  • BRAINSTEM DORSAL VIEW w / out cerebellum
  • BRAINSTEM DORSAL VIEW w / out cerebellum Superior colliculus Superior cerebellar peduncle Middle cerebellar peduncle Inferior cerebellar peduncle Nucleus cuneatus 4 th ventricle inferior colliculus brachium Pulvinar
  • REVIEW: LAB 1 & 2
    • Which cerebellar penduncle connects the pons to the cerebellum?
    • Answer
      • The cerebellum is attached to the pons through the middle cerebellar peduncle
  • TRANSECTED MIDBRAIN
  • TRANSECTED MIDBRAIN Cerebral aqueduct Substantia nigra Cerebral peduncles Red nucleus
  • Cerebral Vasculature Anterior blood supply Posterior blood supply Internal carotid artery Vertebral artery
  • Cerebral Vasculature
  • Cerebral Vasculature Posterior communicating artery Superior cerebellar artery Anterior inferior cerebellar artery Vertebral artery Posterior cerebral artery
  • REVIEW: LAB 3 & 4
    • Identify:
      • Anterior communicating artery
      • internal carotid artery
      • Middle cerebral artery
    Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • REVIEW: LAB 3 & 4
    • Identify:
      • Anterior communicating artery
      • internal carotid artery
      • Middle cerebral artery
    Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • Cerebral Vasculature
  • Cerebral Vasculature Posterior communicating artery Superior cerebellar artery Anterior inferior cerebellar artery Internal carotid artery Vertebral arteries Posterior inferior cerebellar artery Middle cerebral artery Anterior cerebral artery Posterior cerebral artery
  • Meninges Name the 3 layers of the meninges - Dura mater - Arachnoid mater - Pia mater
  • Meninges Identify: - Dura mater - Arachnoid mater
  • Meninges Identify: - Dura mater - Arachnoid mater
  • Meninges Arachnoid Granulations http://www.vh.org/adult/provider/anatomy/BrainAnatomy/2Meninges.html Arachnoid granulations Dura outer layer Dura inner layer
  • Meninges Identify: - Sagittal sinus - Dura mater - Arachnoid mater
  • Meninges Identify: - Sagittal sinus - Dura mater - Arachnoid mater
  • Meninges
  • Meninges Arachnoid granulations Arachnoid mater
  • Meninges CSF production review
  • HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington Calcarine fissure Parieto-occipital fissure cuneus Lingual gyrus Cingulate gyrus uncus Parahippocampal gyrus
  • HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington Lateral sulcus Temporal lobe Frontal lobe Pre-occipital notch Parieto-occipital fissure Central sulcus Occipital lobe Parietal lobe
  • HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington Central sulcus Inferior temporal gyrus superior temporal gyrus middle temporal gyrus Post central gyrus precentral gyrus Lateral sulcus inferior frontal gyrus middle frontal gyrus Superior frontal gyrus superior parietal lobule Inferior parietal lobule
  • HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW
    • Locate Heschl’s gyrus
    Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW
    • Locate frontal and parietal opercula
    Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • REVIEW: LAB 3
    • What sulcus separates the frontal and temporal lobes?
    Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
    • Answer
      • The lateral sulcus
  • REVIEW: LAB 3
    • What gyrus lies inferior to the calcarine sulcus?
    Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
    • Answer
      • The lingual gyrus
  • REVIEW: LAB 4
    • What structures comprise the basal ganglia?
    Caudate nucleus Putamen (lateral) Globus pallidus (medial)
  • anterior posterior HEMISPHERES HORIZONTAL SECTIONS Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • anterior posterior Internal capsule HEMISPHERES HORIZONTAL SECTIONS Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington Caudate nucleus Lateral ventricles Corpus callosum Thalamus Corpus callosum fornix Septum pellucidum Extreme capsule External capsule Claustrum insula Putamen Anterior limb genu Posterior limb
  • anterior posterior BASAL GANGLIA HORIZONTAL SECTIONS
  • anterior posterior Internal capsule HEMISPHERES HORIZONTAL SECTIONS Fornix Posterior limb insula Anterior limb Septum pellucidum Caudate nucleus Corpus callosum
  • anterior posterior HEMISPHERES HORIZONTAL SECTIONS
  • anterior posterior HEMISPHERES HORIZONTAL SECTIONS Lateral ventricles Corpus callosum Thalamus Septum pellucidum Insula anterior limb posterior limb genu Caudate nucleus Putamen Internal capsule fornix
  • HEMISPHERES CORONAL SECTIONS Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • HEMISPHERES CORONAL SECTIONS Caudate nucleus putamen Internal capsule External capsule extreme capsule clastrum insula Globus pallidus Lateral ventricle Septum pellucidum fornix hypothalamus 3 rd ventricle
  • HEMISPHERES CORONAL SECTIONS Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • HEMISPHERES CORONAL SECTIONS Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington Caudate nucleus Putamen Internal capsule External capsule Extreme capsule Clastrum Insula Globus pallidus Lateral ventricle (body) Septum pellucidum 3 rd ventricle hippocampus Lateral ventricle Corpus callosum Caudate nucleus (tail) Fornix Thalamus
  • REVIEW: LAB 4
    • Identify:
      • Globus pallidus
      • Putamen
      • Third ventricle
    Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • REVIEW: LAB 4
    • Identify:
      • Globus pallidus
      • Putamen
      • Third ventricle
    Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • REVIEW: LAB 4
    • What structures does the posterior limb of the internal capsule separate?
    • Answer:
      • The thalamus and globus pallidus
    Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • QUIZ
  • A B C D
  • Answer Key
      • A: CN 3
      • B: Pons
      • C:CN 6
      • D: CN 12
  • A B C D
  • Answer Key
      • A: cerebral aqueduct
      • B: substantia nigra
      • C: cerebral peduncle
      • D: red nucleus
  • A B C D E
  • Answer Key
      • A: brachium of the inferior colliculus
      • B: superior cerebellar penduncle
      • C: inferior cerebellar peduncle
      • D: nucleus cuneatus
      • E: inferior colliculus
  • A B C D E
  • Answer Key
      • A: septum pellucidum
      • B: fornix
      • C: fourth ventricle
      • D: hypothalamic sulcus
      • E: lamina terminalis
  • A B C D
  • Answer Key
      • A: superior colliculus
      • B: inferior colliculus
      • C: nucleus gracilis
      • D: pulvinar
  • E B C D A
  • Answer Key
      • A: corpus callosum
      • B: extreme capsule
      • C: globus pallidus
      • D: claustrum
      • E: caudate nucleus
  • A B C D E
  • Answer Key
      • A: lateral ventricle
      • B: fornix
      • C: posterior limb of internal capsule
      • D: caudate nucleus
      • E: insula
  • A B C D E Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • Answer Key
      • A: anterior communicating artery
      • B: posterior communicating artery
      • C: superior cerebellar artery
      • D: vertebral artery
      • E: anterior cerebral artery
  • A B C D E Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • Answer Key
      • A: cingulate gyrus
      • B: fornix
      • C: parahippocampal gyrus
      • D: cuneus
      • E: parieto-occipital fissure
  • A B C D E Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  • Answer Key
      • A: internal carotid artery
      • B: superior cerebellar artery
      • C: posterior inferior cerebellar artery
      • D: superior cerebellar artery
      • E: vertebral artery