Anat 321 Rev1234 2009

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Contains the review quiz seen in lab

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Anat 321 Rev1234 2009

  1. 1. ANAT 321 REVIEW ALL 4 LABS!!!! NEUROANATOMY LAB
  2. 2. GENERAL INFORMATION <ul><li>Lab exam is in slide format </li></ul>ANAT 321 <ul><li>50% material will be from the labs, and the other 50% will be myelin stained sections </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz available on MACSS website </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Neuroanatomy websites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital anatomist: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www9.biostr.washington.edu/da.html </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Human Brain: Dissections of the Real Brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.vh.org/adult/provider/anatomy/BrainAnatomy/BrainAnatomy.html </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neuroanatomy and neuropathology on the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.neuropat.dote.hu/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>These slides created by Emma Duerden, M.Sc. </li></ul>Neuroanatomy Websites ANAT 321 NEUROANATOMY LAB
  4. 4. REVIEW LABS 1 & 2 <ul><li>Lab 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dorsal and ventral views of the brainstem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medulla </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Midbrain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cranial nerves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lab 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dorsal views of the brainstem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transected midbrain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sagittal sections </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. REVIEW LABS 3 & 4 <ul><li>Lab 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cerebral vasculature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meninges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cerebral Spinal Fluid (CSF) production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hemispheric anatomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lateral and medial views </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Lab 4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basal ganglia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coronal and horizontal views </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. BRAINSTEM
  7. 7. BRAINSTEM VENTRAL VIEW w /out cerebellum medulla pons Pyramidal decussation Inferior olive midbrain Cerebral peduncle CN 3 CN 5 CN 6 Pyramid CN 9 CN 10 CN 12 CN 8 CN 7
  8. 8. Internal capsule – cerebral peduncles - pyramids Cerebral peduncles Internal capsule pyramids
  9. 9. BRAINSTEM VENTRAL VIEW w / cerebellum & CRANIAL NERVES medulla pons midbrain Cerebral peduncle CN 3 CN 5 CN 6 Pyramid CN 9 CN 8 CN 7 CN 10 Inferior olive
  10. 10. BRAINSTEM VENTRAL VIEW w / cerebellum & CRANIAL NERVES Pyramidal decussation Inferior olive Cerebral peduncle CN 3 CN 5 CN 6 Pyramid CN 9 CN 12 CN 7 CN 8 CN 10
  11. 11. Brainstem dorsal view BRAINSTEM DORSAL VIEW w / out cerebellum Superior colliculus inferior colliculus Superior cerebellar peduncle Middle cerebellar peduncle Inferior cerebellar peduncle Nucleus gracilis Nucleus cuneatus 4 th ventricle Lateral geniculate nucleus Medial geniculate nucleus Pulvinar brachium
  12. 12. BRAINSTEM DORSAL VIEW w / out cerebellum Superior colliculus Superior cerebellar peduncle Middle cerebellar peduncle Inferior cerebellar peduncle Nucleus gracilis Nucleus cuneatus 4 th ventricle Medial geniculate nucleus Pulvinar inferior colliculus brachium
  13. 13. BRAINSTEM DORSAL VIEW w / out cerebellum Superior colliculus Superior cerebellar peduncle Middle cerebellar peduncle Inferior cerebellar peduncle Nucleus gracilis Nucleus cuneatus 4 th ventricle Medial geniculate nucleus Pulvinar inferior colliculus brachium
  14. 14. TRANSECTED MIDBRAIN Cerebral aqueduct Substantia nigra Cerebral peduncles Red nuclei Inferior colliculus 4th ventricle
  15. 15. TRANSECTED MIDBRAIN Cerebral aqueduct Substantia nigra Red nuclei Inferior colliculus Cerebral peduncles
  16. 16. HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW
  17. 17. HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW 3 rd ventricle thalamus 4th ventricle fornix Corpus callosum septum pellucidum Anterior commissure Lamina terminalis hypothalamus hypothalamic sulcus mamillary body infundibulum Optic chiasm Foramen of Monroe
  18. 18. BRAINSTEM VENTRAL VIEW Optic chiasm infundibulum mamillary body
  19. 19. HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW 3 rd ventricle thalamus 4th ventricle fornix Corpus callosum septum pellucidum Anterior commissure Lamina terminalis hypothalamus hypothalamic sulcus mamillary body infundibulum Optic chiasm Foramen of Monroe
  20. 20. HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW 3 rd ventricle thalamus 4th ventricle fornix Corpus callosum septum pellicudum Anterior commissure Lamina terminalis hypothalamus hypothalamic sulcus mamillary body infundibulum optic chiasm aqueduct
  21. 21. HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW 3 rd ventricle thalamus 4th ventricle fornix Corpus callosum septum pellicudum Anterior commissure Lamina terminalis hypothalamus hypothalamic sulcus mamillary body infundibulum Optic chiasm
  22. 22. Cerebral Vasculature
  23. 23. Cerebral Vasculature Anterior blood supply Posterior blood supply Internal carotid artery Vertebral artery
  24. 24. Cerebral Vasculature Anterior communicating artery Superior cerebellar artery Posterior inferior cerebellar artery Posterior cerebral artery Posterior communicating artery Internal carotid artery Anterior inferior cerebellar artery Middle cerebral artery Anterior cerebral artery Vertebral arteries Anterior blood supply posterior blood supply
  25. 25. Cerebral Vasculature Superior cerebellar artery Posterior inferior cerebellar artery Posterior cerebral artery Posterior communicating artery Internal carotid artery Vertebral arteries Anterior inferior cerebellar artery Middle cerebral artery Anterior communicating artery Anterior cerebral artery
  26. 26. Cerebral Vasculature Posterior communicating artery Superior cerebellar artery Anterior inferior cerebellar artery Internal carotid artery Vertebral arteries Posterior inferior cerebellar artery Middle cerebral artery Anterior communicating artery Anterior cerebral artery Posterior cerebral artery
  27. 27. Meninges 3 layers - Dura mater - Arachnoid mater - Pia mater http://www.sruweb.com/~walsh/meng1.gif skin bone Dura mater arachnoid mater Sub-arachnoid space pia mater cortex
  28. 28. Meninges Dura Mater Basal view of outer layer lateral view of outer dural layer http://www.vh.org/adult/provider/anatomy/BrainAnatomy/2Meninges.html Dura Mater is composed of: - Outer layer - Inner layer Frontal lobe occipital lobe Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington
  29. 29. Meninges Arachnoid Mater and sagittal sinus faculty.une.edu/com/fwillard/Meninges/ Dura outer layer Superior /mid sagittal sinus Arachnoid mater
  30. 30. Meninges Arachnoid Granulations http://www.vh.org/adult/provider/anatomy/BrainAnatomy/2Meninges.html Arachnoid granulations Dura outer layer Dura inner layer
  31. 31. Meninges Dura Mater & Arachnoid Granulations http://www.vh.org/adult/provider/anatomy/BrainAnatomy/2Meninges.html Pyramid CN 9 CN 12 CN 7 CN 8 CN 10 Mid /superior sagittal sinus Arachnoid Granulations Dura mater – outer layer
  32. 32. Meninges Arachnoid Mater & Granulations Courtesy of Digital Anatomist Project at Univ. of Washington Arachnoid granulations
  33. 33. http://www.bio-graphix.com/medillimages/FlowCSF0001.jpg Meninges CSF production CSF CSF CSF Choroid plexus 3 rd ventricle 4 th ventricle Sub-arachnoid space Arachnoid granulations Arachnoid mater Dura Mater
  34. 34. Meninges CSF production CSF exits through foramina into sub-arachnoid space CSF is deposited into the superior sagittal sinus through the arachnoid granulations CSF produced in ventricles
  35. 35. HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW
  36. 36. HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW Calcarine fissure Parieto-occipital fissure cuneus Cingulate gyrus Lingual gyrus
  37. 37. HEMISPHERES SAGITTAL VIEW Calcarine fissure Parieto-occipital fissure cuneus Lingual gyrus Cingulate gyrus uncus Parahippocampal gyrus
  38. 38. HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW
  39. 39. HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW Lateral sulcus Temporal lobe Frontal lobe Pre-occipital notch Parieto-occipital fissure Central sulcus Occipital lobe Parietal lobe
  40. 40. HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW Lateral sulcus Central sulcus Inferior temporal gyrus superior temporal gyrus Inferior parietal lobule middle temporal gyrus middle temporal gyrus superior parietal lobule precentral gyrus Post central gyrus inferior frontal gyrus middle frontal gyrus Superior frontal gyrus
  41. 41. HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW Central sulcus Inferior temporal gyrus superior temporal gyrus middle temporal gyrus middle temporal gyrus Post central gyrus Precentral gyrus Lateral sulcus inferior frontal gyrus middle frontal gyrus superior parietal lobule Inferior parietal lobule Superior frontal gyrus
  42. 42. HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW Central sulcus Inferior temporal gyrus superior temporal gyrus middle temporal gyrus Post central gyrus precentral gyrus Lateral sulcus inferior frontal gyrus middle frontal gyrus Superior frontal gyrus superior parietal lobule Inferior parietal lobule
  43. 43. HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW - INSULA Insula
  44. 44. HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW Lateral sulcus Central sulcus Parietal opercula Frontal opercula Heschl ’s gyrus
  45. 45. HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW <ul><li>Heschl’s gyrus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>posterior portion of the superior temporal gyrus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Located on the inferior bank of the lateral sulcus </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. HEMISPHERES LATERAL VIEW <ul><li>Frontal and parietal opercula </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operculum = covering the insula </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superior bank of lateral sulcus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frontal operculum are anterior to central sulcus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parietal operculum are posterior to central sulcus </li></ul></ul>Parietal operculum insula Heschl ’s gyrus
  47. 47. HEMISPHERES BASAL GANGLIA
  48. 48. HEMISPHERES BASAL GANGLIA Caudate nucleus Putamen (lateral) Globus pallidus (medial)
  49. 49. HEMISPHERES BASAL GANGLIA Internal capsule Caudate nucleus putamen amygdala Caudate nucleus Globus pallidus putamen
  50. 50. ANAT 321 3D VIEW OF THE BRAIN
  51. 58. HEMISPHERES BASAL GANGLIA - brainstem Internal capsule Caudate nucleus (head) putamen Cerebral peduncles
  52. 59. HEMISPHERES HORIZONTAL SECTIONS
  53. 60. HEMISPHERES Horizontal sections anterior posterior Caudate nucleus Lateral ventricles Corpus callosum Thalamus Corpus callosum fornix Septum pellucidum Internal capsule Extreme capsule External capsule Claustrum insula
  54. 61. HEMISPHERES Horizontal sections anterior posterior Caudate nucleus Lateral ventricles Corpus callosum Thalamus fornix Septum pellucidum Internal capsule External capsule Claustrum Extreme capsule insula Putamen Globus pallidus
  55. 62. HEMISPHERES CORONAL SECTIONS
  56. 63. HEMISPHERES CORONAL SECTIONS Caudate nucleus Putamen Internal capsule External capsule Extreme capsule Claustrum Insula Lateral sulcus Lateral ventricle (anterior horn) Septum pellucidum Anteriorhorn body
  57. 64. HEMISPHERES CORONAL SECTIONS Caudate nucleus putamen Internal capsule External capsule extreme capsule Claustrum insula Lateral sulcus Globus pallidus Lateral ventricle (body) Septum pellucidum fornix hypothalamus 3 rd ventricle hippocampus Lateral ventricle Corpus callosum Anteriorhorn body
  58. 65. HEMISPHERES CORONAL SECTIONS Caudate nucleus putamen Internal capsule External capsule Extreme capsule Claustrum Insula Globus pallidus Lateral ventricle (body) Septum pellucidum 3 rd ventricle hippocampus Lateral ventricle Fornix
  59. 66. QUIZ
  60. 67. 1 A B C D
  61. 68. 2 C B D A
  62. 69. 3 D A B C
  63. 70. 4 A B C D
  64. 71. 5 C D B A
  65. 72. 6 D B A C
  66. 73. 7 A B C D
  67. 74. 8 C B D A
  68. 75. A 9 B D C A
  69. 76. 10 B A D C
  70. 77. 11 B D C A
  71. 78. 12 D C B A
  72. 79. ANSWERS
  73. 80. 1 Brachium of the inferior colliculus Pulvinar Superior cerebellar peduncle Nucleus gracilis
  74. 81. 2 Cerebral aqueduct Substantia nigra Cerebral peduncle Red nucleus
  75. 82. 3 CN9 infundibulum CN3 pyramid
  76. 83. 4 mamillary body Pyramidal decussation uncus CN7
  77. 84. 5 hypothalamus infundibulum Parieto-occipital fissure Foramen of Monroe
  78. 85. 6 CN12 CN6 CN3 CN8
  79. 86. 7 cuneus Cingulate gyrus Lamina terminalis Hypothalamic sulcus
  80. 87. 8 Superior cerebellar artery Posterior communicating artery Anterior inferior cerebellar artery Anterior cerebral artery
  81. 88. A 9 Internal carotid artery Vertebral artery CN3 Anterior communicating artery
  82. 89. 10 Extreme capsule Fornix hippocampus Thalamus
  83. 90. 11 Claustrum Third ventricle Globus pallidus Caudate nucleus
  84. 91. 12 Anterior commissure Putamen Internal capsule Septum pellucidum
  85. 92. ANAT 321 NEUROANATOMY LAB Any questions? Email: erin.dickie@mail.mcgill.ca Phone: 514-880-3746

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