Principles of Design

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A teaching tool for my art class

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Principles of Design

  1. 1. Principles of Design BALANCE, UNITY, EMPHASIS, MOVEMENT, RHYTHM, CONTRAST, PROPORTION
  2. 2. Making a design is like making a cake. The Elements are the ingredients. The directions for mixing them together are the Principles . Organization of elements that work together to give unity Principles of Design
  3. 3. <ul><li>Asymmetrical - (informal balance) the two sides of a work of art are not exactly the same, but are still visually balanced </li></ul>Balance The way the elements of art are arranged to create a feeling of stability
  4. 4. Symmetrical Balance: <ul><li>(formal balance) parts on both sides are the same </li></ul>
  5. 5. Radial Balance parts radiate from the center in all direction
  6. 6. <ul><li>All Parts of a work of art are interrelated, balanced, and organized to achieve a quality of oneness </li></ul>Unity
  7. 7. <ul><li>This can either be actual motion or it can be implied — the arrangement of the parts of an image to create a sense of motion by using lines , shapes , forms , and textures that cause the eye to move over the work </li></ul>Movement
  8. 8. Movement Linear strokes cause our eye to move back and forth through the painting.
  9. 9. Emphasis <ul><li>Accent, stress, or importance placed on a part of a piece of artwork </li></ul><ul><li>(repeating an idea creates emphasis) </li></ul>Emphasis
  10. 10. <ul><li>The focus of the lady brings our attention to the envelope as well as its stark white color. </li></ul>Emphasis
  11. 11. <ul><li>Regular repetition of lines, shapes, or colors that create a movement. Patterns have rhythm </li></ul>Rhythm
  12. 12. Rhythm Repetition of the figure descending the staircase not only creates movement but rhythm as well
  13. 13. <ul><li>a difference between objects </li></ul>Contrast
  14. 14. <ul><li>relationship of one part to another or to the whole with respect to size , quantity, or degree; a ratio </li></ul>Proportion
  15. 15. BALANCE, UNITY, EMPHASIS, MOVEMENT, RHYTHM, CONTRAST, PROPORTION Can you use the principles of design to critique this artwork? Sandy Skoglund: Radioactive Cats , 1980
  16. 16. Created by: Erin Smith with a special thanks to artlex.com

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