Adapted fro Guide to College Reading , 8/e Kathleen T. McWhorter   Learning Word Parts PowerPoint by Gretchen Starks-Marti...
THIS CHAPTER WILL SHOW YOU HOW TO: <ul><li>Figure out the meaning of unfamiliar words </li></ul><ul><li>Use prefixes, root...
FINDING MEANINGS IN COMPOUND WORDS   <ul><li>A new word formed by two words that are put together is called a compound wor...
FINDING MEANINGS IN COMPOUND WORDS   <ul><li>Some words appear frequently in compound words. The word  under , for example...
LEARNING PREFIXES, ROOTS, AND SUFFIXES <ul><li>The word  trichromatic   can be divided into three parts: its prefix, root,...
Words Can Have More Than One Prefix, Root, or Suffix <ul><li>Words can be made up of two or more roots (geo/logy). </li></...
Words Do Not Always Have a Prefix and a Suffix <ul><li>Some words have neither a prefix nor a suffix (read). </li></ul><ul...
The Spelling of Roots May Change As They Are Combined With Suffixes <ul><li>Different prefixes, roots, or suffixes may hav...
PREFIXES <ul><li>Appear at the beginning of words and alter the meaning of the root. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: add the...
ROOTS <ul><li>Roots carry the basic or core meaning of a word. </li></ul><ul><li>Root dic/dict = means “tell or say,” then...
SUFFIXES <ul><li>Suffixes are word endings that often change the part of speech of a word: </li></ul><ul><li>Adding the su...
Several Different Words Can Be Formed From a Single Root Word by Adding Different Suffixes <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul...
Expand Your Vocabulary <ul><li>Learn variations in meaning that occur when suffixes are added to words you already know. <...
HOW TO USE WORD PARTS <ul><li>First, look for the root. </li></ul><ul><li>If you don’t know the root, check its meaning in...
LEARNING STYLE TIPS <ul><li>Social Learner:  Studying with a group of classmates </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Learner:  M...
SELF-TEST SUMMARY <ul><li>When you cannot figure out an unknown word by using context clues, what should you do? </li></ul...
TEST-TAKING TIPS: Using Word Parts <ul><li>Pronounce the word in question to yourself. By saying the word, you may hear a ...
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Word Parts from Textbook

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Word Parts from Textbook

  1. 1. Adapted fro Guide to College Reading , 8/e Kathleen T. McWhorter Learning Word Parts PowerPoint by Gretchen Starks-Martin St. Cloud State University, MN Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  2. 2. THIS CHAPTER WILL SHOW YOU HOW TO: <ul><li>Figure out the meaning of unfamiliar words </li></ul><ul><li>Use prefixes, roots, and suffixes </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  3. 3. FINDING MEANINGS IN COMPOUND WORDS <ul><li>A new word formed by two words that are put together is called a compound word. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Waterproof water + proof </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horseshoe horse + shoe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endpoint end + point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Checklist check + list </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcome out + come </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  4. 4. FINDING MEANINGS IN COMPOUND WORDS <ul><li>Some words appear frequently in compound words. The word under , for example, is common: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>undertow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>underage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>underachiever </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>undergo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>undercover </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  5. 5. LEARNING PREFIXES, ROOTS, AND SUFFIXES <ul><li>The word trichromatic can be divided into three parts: its prefix, root, & suffix. </li></ul><ul><li>Prefix - tri - (“three”) </li></ul><ul><li>Root - chrome (“color”) </li></ul><ul><li>Suffix - atic (“characteristic of”) </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  6. 6. Words Can Have More Than One Prefix, Root, or Suffix <ul><li>Words can be made up of two or more roots (geo/logy). </li></ul><ul><li>Some words have two prefixes (in/sub/ordination). </li></ul><ul><li>Some words have two suffixes (beauti/ful/ly). </li></ul><ul><li>A word is built upon at least one root. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  7. 7. Words Do Not Always Have a Prefix and a Suffix <ul><li>Some words have neither a prefix nor a suffix (read). </li></ul><ul><li>Others have a suffix but no prefix (read/ing). </li></ul><ul><li>Others have a prefix but no suffix (pre/read). </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  8. 8. The Spelling of Roots May Change As They Are Combined With Suffixes <ul><li>Different prefixes, roots, or suffixes may have the same meaning. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: the prefix bi-, di-, and duo- all mean “two.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Sometimes a group of letters looks like a prefix or root, but it does not carry the meaning of that prefix or root. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: the prefix mis-, means “wrong;bad.” The letters mis in the word missle do not mean bad/wrong. </li></ul></ul></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  9. 9. PREFIXES <ul><li>Appear at the beginning of words and alter the meaning of the root. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: add the prefix re- to the word “read”  reread (to read again). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: add the pre- to the word “reading”  prereading (before reading). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex.: add the suffix post- to the word “reading”  postreading (after reading). </li></ul></ul></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Common Prefixes are on page 40
  10. 10. ROOTS <ul><li>Roots carry the basic or core meaning of a word. </li></ul><ul><li>Root dic/dict = means “tell or say,” then you know that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dictate = means to speak for someone to write down. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diction = means wording or manner of speaking. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dictionary = is a book that “tells” what words mean. </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Common Roots are on page 41.
  11. 11. SUFFIXES <ul><li>Suffixes are word endings that often change the part of speech of a word: </li></ul><ul><li>Adding the suffix y to the noun cloud forms the adjective cloudy . </li></ul><ul><li>Cloudy means “resembling clouds; overcast with clouds; dimmed or dulled as if by clouds.” </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Common Suffixes are on page 53
  12. 12. Several Different Words Can Be Formed From a Single Root Word by Adding Different Suffixes <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Root: class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Root + suffix = class/ify, class/ification, class/ic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Root: right </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Root + suffix = right/ly, right/ful, right/ist, right/eous </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  13. 13. Expand Your Vocabulary <ul><li>Learn variations in meaning that occur when suffixes are added to words you already know. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for the root of a word that you do not know. </li></ul><ul><li>Use context to figure out what the word means with the suffix added. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  14. 14. HOW TO USE WORD PARTS <ul><li>First, look for the root. </li></ul><ul><li>If you don’t know the root, check its meaning in the dictionary. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for a prefix. </li></ul><ul><li>Locate the suffix. </li></ul><ul><li>Try out the meaning in the sentence in which the word was used to see if it makes sense. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  15. 15. LEARNING STYLE TIPS <ul><li>Social Learner: Studying with a group of classmates </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Learner: Making up review tests, or asking a friend to do so, and practice taking the tests. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Are you a social learner or an independent learner?
  16. 16. SELF-TEST SUMMARY <ul><li>When you cannot figure out an unknown word by using context clues, what should you do? </li></ul><ul><li>What are prefixes, roots, and suffixes? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it useful to learn prefixes, roots, and suffixes? </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  17. 17. TEST-TAKING TIPS: Using Word Parts <ul><li>Pronounce the word in question to yourself. By saying the word, you may hear a part (prefix, root, or suffix) that is familiar. </li></ul><ul><li>If you do not recognize the root of a word, concentrate on the prefix. Often, knowing the meaning of the prefix can help you figure out the right answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to suffixes. They can also help you figure out a word. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

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