Ch 3 Reading as Thinking

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Ch 3 Reading as Thinking

  1. 1. Chapter 3 Reading As Thinking PowerPoint by Gretchen Starks-Martin St. Cloud State University, MN © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  2. 2. THIS CHAPTER WILL SHOW YOU HOW TO: <ul><li>Preview before reading </li></ul><ul><li>Develop questions to guide your reading </li></ul><ul><li>Review after you read </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  3. 3. How to Preview: Read <ul><li>The Title and Subtitle </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>The First Paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Boldfaced Headings </li></ul><ul><li>The First Sentence under Each Heading </li></ul><ul><li>Typographical Aids </li></ul><ul><li>Graphs, Charts, and Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>The Final Paragraph or Summary </li></ul><ul><li>End-of-Chapter Material </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  4. 4. Previewing Articles and Essays <ul><li>Check the author’s name. </li></ul><ul><li>Check the source of the article. </li></ul><ul><li>If there are no headings, read the first sentence of a few paragraphs throughout the essay. </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  5. 5. LEARNING STYLE TIPS <ul><li>Auditory learner: asking and answering guide questions aloud or tape-recording them </li></ul><ul><li>Visual learner: writing guide questions and their answers. </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers Are you an auditory or visual learner?
  6. 6. Discover What You Already Know <ul><li>Makes reading easier because you have already thought about the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes material easier to remember because you can connect the new information with what you already know. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes topics more interesting if you can link them to your own experiences. </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  7. 7. How to Use Background Knowledge <ul><li>Ask questions and try to answer them. </li></ul><ul><li>Draw upon your own experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorm. </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  8. 8. DEVELOP QUESTIONS TO GUIDE YOUR READING: How to Ask Guide Questions <ul><li>Preview before you try to ask questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn each major heading into a series of questions. </li></ul><ul><li>As you read the section, look for the answers to your questions. Highlight the answers as you find them. </li></ul><ul><li>When you finish reading a section, stop and check to see whether you can recall the answers. Place check marks by those you cannot recall. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid asking questions that have one-word answers. </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  9. 9. Creating Questions <ul><li>Headin g </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing Prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>The Deepening Recession </li></ul><ul><li>Newton’s First Law of Motion </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>How can prejudice be reduced? What type of prejudice is discussed? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a recession? Why is it deepening? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is or was Newton? What is his first law of motion? </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  10. 10. READ FOR MEANING <ul><li>Read to answer your guide questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight answers to questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight what is important in each paragraph. </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  11. 11. TEST YOUR RECALL AS YOU READ <ul><li>Write your guide questions in the textbook margin. </li></ul><ul><li>Cover the textbook section and try to recall the answer. </li></ul><ul><li>If you cannot, reread the section. </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat the answer aloud or write it out. </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  12. 12. REVIEW AFTER YOU READ <ul><li>Go back through what you have just read. </li></ul><ul><li>Look things over one more time. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the same steps as you used to preview the material. </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  13. 13. BUILDING A SYSTEM: SQ3R <ul><li>S – Survey (Preview) </li></ul><ul><li>Q – Question (Ask Guide Questions) </li></ul><ul><li>R – Read (Read for Meaning) </li></ul><ul><li>R – Recite (Test Yourself) </li></ul><ul><li>R – Review (Review After You Read) </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  14. 14. SELF-TEST SUMMARY <ul><li>What techniques can you use before reading to read efficiently? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you read for meaning? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you test our recall as you read? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the SQ3R system? </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  15. 15. Visit the Companion Website <ul><li>For additional readings, exercises, and Internet activities, visit this book’s Companion Website at: </li></ul><ul><li>www.ablongman.com/mcwhorter </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers If you need a user name and password, please see your instructor.
  16. 16. MyReadingLab <ul><li>For more practice with active reading skills, visit MyReadingLab, click on the Reading Skills tab, and then click on Active Reading Strategies---New Orleans, Louisiana </li></ul><ul><li>www.ablongman.com/myreading.lab </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers
  17. 17. TEST-TAKING TIPS: Reading Comprehension Test Passages <ul><li>Glance through the passage quickly. What is it about? This will help you focus and give you an idea about what you are about to read. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not approach the passage as something you have to learn. Approach it as something you simply need to understand. </li></ul><ul><li>As you read, do not try to remember all the facts and details. Just try to remember what information is given. </li></ul><ul><li>Since many tests are timed, it is important to work efficiently, not spending too much time on any one troublesome item. </li></ul>© 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Publishers

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