PLAGIARISM:   What is it? What are some examples of it?  How can you avoid it?    Erin Tanner, EDT 6005
As long as there have been scholars, poets, artists, and musicians who have created... <ul><li>&quot;Mona Lisa&quot; </li>...
...there have been other scholars, poets, artists, and musicians who have &quot;borrowed.&quot;   <ul><li>&quot;L.H.O.O.Q....
  How familiar are you with the concept of plagiarism?   Take the quiz! See the next slide to find out if you were right...
ALL  of the situations were examples of some form of plagiarism! Are you surprised?   Next, let's learn more about what pl...
So what IS plagiarism, exactly? Plagiarism is the act of presenting another's intellectual property  —  words, thoughts, r...
Let's look at a few well-known examples of plagiarism...
An example of plagiarism from the music world, Part 1: Should Nirvana have taken full credit for writing the melody of thi...
An example of plagiarism from the music world, Part 2: Or should this band, Killing Joke, get the credit? This song, &quot...
An example of plagiarism from the music world, Part 3: Or did the melody originate with  this  band, The Damned? This song...
  The lawyers thought so!  <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The obvious plagiarism (cop...
An example of plagiarism in academic nonfiction... <ul><li>Stephen Ambrose, Pulitzer-Prize-winning historian and author of...
These examples all involved alleged plagiarism from other sources. But did you know...
...that it's possible to plagiarize from your own work?! This is called  self-plagiarism .    The APA Publication Manual  ...
Now that you've learned what plagiarism is and have seen some examples, how can you avoid plagiarism in your own work?
Avoiding plagiarism in your research and writing: <ul><li>According to  The American Psychological Association  (APA)  Pub...
The best defense against plagiarism is to take careful notes and cite the sources where you found your information. If you...
So how do you go about &quot;citing sources&quot;? What does a citation look like? How do you know what format to use?  <u...
For the purpose of this tutorial, we're going to use the APA Publication Manual format.  <ul><li>Let's learn how to create...
Creating an in-text citation in APA format: <ul><li>The above is a direct quote (the exact same words in the exact same or...
What information makes up an APA-style in-text citation? This is a quote from a book: <ul><ul><li>Use quotation marks arou...
In-text citations give the reader enough information to find the full entry on your References page. This should be the la...
  This video explains how to format APA-style entries on a References page: Next: Summary.   What have we covered in this ...
What have we covered in this tutorial? <ul><ul><li>Plagiarism is the act of presenting another's intellectual property  — ...
Now let's see what you've learned! <ul><li>Take the quiz! </li></ul>Click on the link below to take a short quiz to test y...
Final words... &quot;Taking something from one man and making it worse is plagiarism.&quot;  - George Moore
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Plagiarism portfolio

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Plagiarism portfolio

  1. 1. PLAGIARISM:   What is it? What are some examples of it? How can you avoid it?  Erin Tanner, EDT 6005
  2. 2. As long as there have been scholars, poets, artists, and musicians who have created... <ul><li>&quot;Mona Lisa&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Leonardo da Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>c. 1503-1519 </li></ul><ul><li>Oil on poplar </li></ul><ul><li>77 cm × 53 cm (30 in × 21 in) </li></ul><ul><li>Original: Musée du Louvre, Paris </li></ul>
  3. 3. ...there have been other scholars, poets, artists, and musicians who have &quot;borrowed.&quot;   <ul><li>&quot;L.H.O.O.Q.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Marcel Duchamp </li></ul><ul><li>1919 </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil on a reproduction of Mona Lisa, 19.7 x 12.4 cm </li></ul><ul><li>Original: New York, Mary Sisler Collection </li></ul>
  4. 4.   How familiar are you with the concept of plagiarism?   Take the quiz! See the next slide to find out if you were right...
  5. 5. ALL of the situations were examples of some form of plagiarism! Are you surprised?   Next, let's learn more about what plagiarism is, see some examples of it, and learn how to avoid it!
  6. 6. So what IS plagiarism, exactly? Plagiarism is the act of presenting another's intellectual property — words, thoughts, research, or artistic work — as one's own. What are some things that could be plagiarized? <ul><ul><li>prose (fiction or nonfiction writing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>poems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>songs (even parts of songs!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>equations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>theories  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>even, in some cases, your OWN writing! </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Let's look at a few well-known examples of plagiarism...
  8. 8. An example of plagiarism from the music world, Part 1: Should Nirvana have taken full credit for writing the melody of this song, &quot;Come As You Are,&quot; which was recorded in 1991? Think you know the answer? Don't decide until you've seen Part 2!
  9. 9. An example of plagiarism from the music world, Part 2: Or should this band, Killing Joke, get the credit? This song, &quot;Eighties,&quot; was recorded (as the title suggests) in 1984: Wait - we're not done yet! Watch the video in Part 3 before you make up your mind...
  10. 10. An example of plagiarism from the music world, Part 3: Or did the melody originate with this band, The Damned? This song, &quot;Life Goes On,&quot; was recorded in 1982: Each of these songs is slightly different. Are there enough similarities to make a case for  copyright violation (i.e., plagiarism)?
  11. 11.   The lawyers thought so! <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The obvious plagiarism (copyright violation) between these three bands resulted in numerous lawsuits.  Litigation ceased only with the death of Kurt Cobain, lead singer and songwriter of Nirvana, in 1994. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Next, let's look at an example of plagiarism from the literary world.
  12. 12. An example of plagiarism in academic nonfiction... <ul><li>Stephen Ambrose, Pulitzer-Prize-winning historian and author of Band of Brothers (on which the HBO series of the </li></ul><ul><li>same name was based), faced a storm of controversy when it </li></ul><ul><li>was discovered that he had presented the work of other authors as his own. </li></ul>Many people still disagree as to whether Ambrose's plagiarism was intentional or simply careless. A Jan. 10, 2002, segment of the NPR program &quot;All Things Considered&quot; featured a discussion of disputed passages from his work and an interview with a plagiarism expert. Do you think Ambrose's plagiarism was intentional? Listen to the excerpt here .
  13. 13. These examples all involved alleged plagiarism from other sources. But did you know...
  14. 14. ...that it's possible to plagiarize from your own work?! This is called self-plagiarism .    The APA Publication Manual says, &quot;Just as researchers do not present the work of others as their own (plagiarism), they do not present their own previously published work as new scholarship (self-plagiarism)&quot; (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 16).   An example of this would be writing a paper for one class, then resubmitting the paper later for another class without mentioning that it's been graded before.   One school or instructor may accept this, while another may not. ALWAYS ask your instructor if it is acceptable for you to reuse an old paper, even if parts of it are rewritten.
  15. 15. Now that you've learned what plagiarism is and have seen some examples, how can you avoid plagiarism in your own work?
  16. 16. Avoiding plagiarism in your research and writing: <ul><li>According to The American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Manual , Sixth Edition, 2010. p. 15: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Researchers do not claim the words and ideas of another as their own; they give credit where credit is due.&quot; </li></ul>
  17. 17. The best defense against plagiarism is to take careful notes and cite the sources where you found your information. If you're not sure, cite your source! This short video from Kevin deLaplante of The Critical Thinking Academy clearly explains how to determine if something needs to be cited:
  18. 18. So how do you go about &quot;citing sources&quot;? What does a citation look like? How do you know what format to use? <ul><li>There are many different publication styles, and each has a distinct format for referencing. These formats are laid out in style manuals or handbooks. Some examples of publication style handbooks: </li></ul>The Modern Language Association (MLA) Handbook The Associated Press (AP) Stylebook The American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Manual
  19. 19. For the purpose of this tutorial, we're going to use the APA Publication Manual format. <ul><li>Let's learn how to create an in-text citation. </li></ul>The American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Manual
  20. 20. Creating an in-text citation in APA format: <ul><li>The above is a direct quote (the exact same words in the exact same order as in the original text) from The Publication Manual of The American Psychological Association . To use this quote correctly in a paper, it would need an in-text citation after it to show where it came from. This gives the reader enough information to find the source on the References page. </li></ul>&quot;Researchers do not claim the words and ideas of another as their own; they give credit where credit is due.&quot; Next: What are the different parts of an APA in-text citation?
  21. 21. What information makes up an APA-style in-text citation? This is a quote from a book: <ul><ul><li>Use quotation marks around any DIRECT QUOTE (the original author's exact words in the exact same order as they appeared in the source). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-text citations are enclosed by parentheses. Remember that the period at the end of the sentence goes OUTSIDE the second parenthesis! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The author's name is the first information to include. This may be the last name of a person or persons (in the case of multiple authors) or the name of a company, organization, or government entity.   </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Next, include the publication date of the work you are citing.  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With a DIRECT QUOTE, you must always include the page number, using the abbreviation p. (for a quotation from a single page). </li></ul></ul>  &quot; Researchers do not claim the words and ideas of another as their own; they give credit where credit is due &quot; ( American Psychological Association , 2010 , p. 15 ) .
  22. 22. In-text citations give the reader enough information to find the full entry on your References page. This should be the last page of your research paper.        In other style guides, a References page might be known as a Works Cited page or a Bibliography .         Next: How should you format the entries on a References page?
  23. 23.   This video explains how to format APA-style entries on a References page: Next: Summary.   What have we covered in this tutorial?
  24. 24. What have we covered in this tutorial? <ul><ul><li>Plagiarism is the act of presenting another's intellectual property — words, thoughts, research, or artistic work — as one's own. Even using the same organizational structure as another writer can be considered plagiarism. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through examples, we've seen that plagiarism is a widespread problem; it can affect anyone from rock stars to Pulitzer Prize-winning historians.  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It's possible to plagiarize from your own work. You should always ask for permission from your instructor to reuse your own previously published data or an older paper you've written.  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An in-text citation shows your reader that you are using someone else's data. It is made up of several different parts: the last name of the author or authors, the publication date, and (in the case of direct quotes) the page number.  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The in-text citation gives your reader enough information to find the full source entry on your References page (usually the last page of your research paper). </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Now let's see what you've learned! <ul><li>Take the quiz! </li></ul>Click on the link below to take a short quiz to test your knowledge about plagiarism.
  26. 26. Final words... &quot;Taking something from one man and making it worse is plagiarism.&quot;  - George Moore
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