Early Greece
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Early Greece



Greece Unit

Greece Unit



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  • Reveals athletic contests, festivals, stylish dress, women of court with gold, fancy dress, hairstyles (shows level of equality not evident elsewhere)
  • Possible volcanic erruption that led to tidal wave? Evidence rebuilt, but soon fell to invadersEvans 1900 rebuilt parts of palace- product of his time controversial
  • Lion gate at mycenae
  • Geometric vase
  • “Hellas” Greek agora of corinth
  • 393 ad
  • Aristocrats- best man in greek
  • “Spartan Phalanx”
  • “Spartan Phalanx”

Early Greece Early Greece Presentation Transcript

  • Ancient GreeceGeography, Rise of City-States
  • Geograph yMountains - ¾ land covered by mountains - Limited arable land- land suitable for agriculture Aegean Ionian Sea - Mt. Olympus: highest Sea mountain known as the “home of the gods” - Made transportation, communication, trade over land, and unification difficult Mediterranean Sea
  •  Rivers - Short, narrow, difficult to navigate by boat - Made transportation and trade difficult by river Seas - Many Greeks became sailors, fishers, and traders - Traded with other Greek settlements, Egypt, and Fertile Crescent
  • Minoans Civilization that developed on Island of Crete (2000 BC- 1400 BC)  Named after legendary king Minos  Palace at Knossos  Walls of palace covered with huge frescoes- paintings made on wet plaster
  •  Sea faring people  Thriving trade with other Aegean lands  Strong navies to support trade Fell to Mycenaeans from mainland Greece
  • Mycenaeans  Controlled mainland Greece from 1600 BC-1400 BC  Named after leading city, Mycenae, which was heavily fortified  Warring people led by warrior kings  Great wealth from battle and trade  Led the Greeks in Trojan War- story told by Homer
  • Dark Ages of Greece, 1150-750 BC Not long after the Trojan War ended Mycenaeans fell to invaders People known as the Dorians migrated to the Balkan Peninsula No written language
  • Rise of City-States (700s BC) Polis, or independent city-state  Geography played a huge role in their development and independence  Built around an acropolis, or fortified hill  Each had an agora, or marketplace  Each had its own government, laws, weights and measures, calendar, and money
  • Citizenship in theCity-State To be considered a citizen, must be a free adult male  Women, slaves, and foreigners not considered citizens  Citizens had political rights and the responsibility of civic participation in government
  • Homeric Age Epic- Long poems about heroes and great events Most famous was blind poet named Homer  Wrote two famous epics- The Iliad and The Odyssey  The Iliad- Story of the Trojan War  The Odyssey- Odysseus’ journey home from war
  • The Iliad Troy ParisMycenaean King Helen 10 yrs Troy Loses
  • The Odyssey Mycenaean King on journey home from Trojan WarOdysseus
  • Religion Polytheistic Religion Religion did not focus on morality or an afterlife Religion was used by Greeks to explain their world Created myths- traditional stories about gods, goddesses and heroes Their religion myths provided explanations for:  Natural phenomena (lightning, change of seasons, etc.)  Human qualities (emotions, bravery, etc.)  Life Events (long life, good luck, good harvest, etc.)
  • Greek Gods and Goddesses Zeus- King  Hera- Goddess of marriage of the gods  Athena Protector of wisdom and womanly goodness  Apollo  Artemislight, music, and poetry Hunting and the Wilderness  Aphrodite love and beauty Lived on Mount Olympus
  • The Olympic Games Held every four years beginning in 776 BC  Held at Olympia on a grassy field Used to appease the gods Athletes won honor and a wreath of olive leaves
  • Government City-states originated as small kingdoms ruled by warrior leaders supported by wealthy landowners.  Landowners supported warrior leaders by providing weapons for army to ensure the city-states’ safety  Over time small group of landowners became known as aristocrats By 700 BC, many aristocrats had overthrown the warrior leaders of their city-states Governed as an aristocracy- ruled by small elite group of citizens
  • Phalanx During aristocratic years, many commoners revolted Created citizen armies with iron weapons These soldiers were called hoplites They formed a fighting formation called a phalanx
  • Tyrants Came to power through the rebellions Tyrant- someone who Illegally took power, but had the people’s support. Initially provided better lives for the poorer people in the city-state Promoted trade by the establishment of colonies and often began great building projects
  • Other forms of Government Around 500s BC, many tyrants lost their power to new ideas of how people should be governed Ideas of popular government became popular, the idea that people can and should rule themselves Various forms of government arose in city-states, including Athens and Sparta, two leading city-states