Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture

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Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture

Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture

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  • 1.  King of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great Brilliant general and ruthless politician  Built up a professional army using the Greek phalanx Infighting among Greek city-states for a half-century after the Peloponnesian War United Greek city-states under his rule Asked the conquered Greek city-states to join the League of Corinth Main Goal: Conquer Persia
  • 2.  Alexander’s Youth  As a child, Alexander studied under Aristotle  Under his father’s leadership, trained for battle Phillip II assassinated in 336 BC His son Alexander seized power at the age of 20 With Greek city-states unified under his rule, he set out to conquer Persia Main Goal: Conquer the known world
  • 3.  Stretched from the Nile to the Indus Rivers Included Persia, Egypt, Greece, and India Cultures Blended=Hellenistic  Greatest lasting legacy/accomplishment
  • 4.  Reached Indus River in 327 BC  His army had been fighting for seven years, more than 11,00 miles  His soldiers refused to go any further On way back to Greece, he became ill Died from a fever, at age 32 Never “ruled” his great empire
  • 5.  Divided between his leading generals:  Antigonus- Controlled Macedon  Ptolemy- Egypt  Seleucus- Asia Minor and the Fertile Crescent
  • 6.  Center of Hellenistic culture at Alexandria, Egypt Greek architecture, statues, etc. Museum & Library  Over 500,000 papyrus scrolls of literature
  • 7.  Philosopher- literally means “lover of wisdom” New philosophies coming out of the Hellenistic world  Stoic philosophy- Established by Zeno  Divine reason directs the world  Every person should accept their fate  Epicurean philosophy- Established by Epicurus  Aim of life to seek pleasure and avoid pain
  • 8.  Euclid  Important to the development of the field of geometry  Wrote Elements Archimedes  Calculated the value of pi  Levers and pulleys
  • 9.  Aristarchus  Concluded that the earth and other planets revolved around the sun Eratosthenes  Calculated the distance around the earth