Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
King of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great Brilliant general and ruthless politician Built up a professional army using the Greek phalanx Infighting among Greek city-states for a half-century after the Peloponnesian War United Greek city-states under his rule Asked the conquered Greek city-states to join the League of Corinth Main Goal: Conquer Persia
Alexander’s Youth As a child, Alexander studied under Aristotle Under his father’s leadership, trained for battle Phillip II assassinated in 336 BC His son Alexander seized power at the age of 20 With Greek city-states unified under his rule, he set out to conquer Persia Main Goal: Conquer the known world
Stretched from the Nile to the Indus Rivers Included Persia, Egypt, Greece, and India Cultures Blended=Hellenistic Greatest lasting legacy/accomplishment
Reached Indus River in 327 BC His army had been fighting for seven years, more than 11,00 miles His soldiers refused to go any further On way back to Greece, he became ill Died from a fever, at age 32 Never “ruled” his great empire
Divided between his leading generals: Antigonus- Controlled Macedon Ptolemy- Egypt Seleucus- Asia Minor and the Fertile Crescent
Center of Hellenistic culture at Alexandria, Egypt Greek architecture, statues, etc. Museum & Library Over 500,000 papyrus scrolls of literature
Philosopher- literally means “lover of wisdom” New philosophies coming out of the Hellenistic world Stoic philosophy- Established by Zeno Divine reason directs the world Every person should accept their fate Epicurean philosophy- Established by Epicurus Aim of life to seek pleasure and avoid pain
Euclid Important to the development of the field of geometry Wrote Elements Archimedes Calculated the value of pi Levers and pulleys
Aristarchus Concluded that the earth and other planets revolved around the sun Eratosthenes Calculated the distance around the earth
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