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Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
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Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture

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Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture

Alexander the Great and the Spread of Hellenistic Culture

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  • 1.  King of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great Brilliant general and ruthless politician  Built up a professional army using the Greek phalanx Infighting among Greek city-states for a half-century after the Peloponnesian War United Greek city-states under his rule Asked the conquered Greek city-states to join the League of Corinth Main Goal: Conquer Persia
  • 2.  Alexander’s Youth  As a child, Alexander studied under Aristotle  Under his father’s leadership, trained for battle Phillip II assassinated in 336 BC His son Alexander seized power at the age of 20 With Greek city-states unified under his rule, he set out to conquer Persia Main Goal: Conquer the known world
  • 3.  Stretched from the Nile to the Indus Rivers Included Persia, Egypt, Greece, and India Cultures Blended=Hellenistic  Greatest lasting legacy/accomplishment
  • 4.  Reached Indus River in 327 BC  His army had been fighting for seven years, more than 11,00 miles  His soldiers refused to go any further On way back to Greece, he became ill Died from a fever, at age 32 Never “ruled” his great empire
  • 5.  Divided between his leading generals:  Antigonus- Controlled Macedon  Ptolemy- Egypt  Seleucus- Asia Minor and the Fertile Crescent
  • 6.  Center of Hellenistic culture at Alexandria, Egypt Greek architecture, statues, etc. Museum & Library  Over 500,000 papyrus scrolls of literature
  • 7.  Philosopher- literally means “lover of wisdom” New philosophies coming out of the Hellenistic world  Stoic philosophy- Established by Zeno  Divine reason directs the world  Every person should accept their fate  Epicurean philosophy- Established by Epicurus  Aim of life to seek pleasure and avoid pain
  • 8.  Euclid  Important to the development of the field of geometry  Wrote Elements Archimedes  Calculated the value of pi  Levers and pulleys
  • 9.  Aristarchus  Concluded that the earth and other planets revolved around the sun Eratosthenes  Calculated the distance around the earth

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