Erin

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Erin

  1. 1. End Stage Renal Disease<br />
  2. 2. What are kidneys and what are their purpose?<br />
  3. 3. Four major functions of the kidneys:<br />Remove waste products from the blood<br />Removes excess water from your body<br />Balances water and chemicals, such as potassium, calcium, sodium and phosphate, which are necessary for the body.<br />Release a hormone which helps control blood pressure and blood production<br />
  4. 4. What is End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)?<br />
  5. 5. End Stage Renal Disease occurs when our nephrons, which are tiny structures that remove waste from our blood and produce urine, are damaged and filter less effectively or even stop filtering altogether. This can happen quickly, when there is an injury or over period of time, taking either months and even years to fail.<br />
  6. 6. Why our kidneys fail:<br />Long-standing diabetes<br />Long-standing high blood pressure<br />Persistent urinary tract infections<br />Cysts<br />Poisons <br />Kidney stones<br />Circulation problems<br />Nephritis, which is an irritation and inflammation of the kidneys<br />
  7. 7. How many people suffer from ESRD?<br />In 2006, 506,256 people in the United States were being treated for ESRD.<br />110,854 of these people were actually diagnosed in 2006<br />There is 163.8 deaths per 1000 patients every year, meaning there were 87,654 deaths from ESRD in 2006<br />
  8. 8. How can you prevent and slow down ESRD?<br />Diet<br />Drugs<br />Treatment<br />Kidney Transplant<br />Dialysis <br />Peritoneal Dialysis <br />Hemodialysis<br />In-center<br />Home<br />
  9. 9. Hemodialysis<br />
  10. 10. Peritoneal Dialysis<br />
  11. 11. Kidney Transplant<br />
  12. 12. Treatments<br />18,052<br />
  13. 13. Survival Rates<br />

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