VECTOR GRAPHICS Raster GraphicsA Vector graphic uses A raster graphic also geometrical formulas known as bitmap such as lines, points, represent a grid of and curves to create pixels or points of color.shapes. These shapes These graphics can notcan be moved, resized, be resized without loss and changed in any of qualityway without any loss of quality
GIF: GRAPHICS INTERCHANGE FORMAT GIF is a compressed file format. GIFgraphics are based on a palette of up to 356 colors called indexed colors, which helps reduce their file size. These graphics aregood fro small icons, animated images, and logos. GIF doesn’t have the color range for high quality photos.
PNG: PORTABLE NETWORK GRAPHIC PNG is a more powerful alternative to the GIF. PNG’s are not restricted to 256 color limitations. They also do not support multiple frames or animation. PNG’s are widely supported but GIF is still the most popular.
SVG: SCALABLE VECTOR GRAPHIC SVG graphics are vector graphics that enable two- dimensional images to be displayed on websites. These images are created with text- based commands. These images are also scalable with the size and resolution of the window in which it is displayed.
PSD: PHOTOSHOP DOCUMENT PSD is an application specific format. At first not many programs but now there are many programs even ones that are not adobe that support PSD. Most programs support PSD files as read only.
TIFF: TAGGED IMAGE FILE FORMAT TIFF is a raster only format that is used for photos in the prepress world. IT is also the most reliable widespread format for raster data. It can be used in any resolution or color scheme and rarely causes any problems.
RAW IMAGES Raw images are also called Camera Raw. This isn’t necessarily a graphic format & Photoshop as well as other editing programs are trying to overcome problems created by RAW images.
JPEG: JOINT PHOTOGRAPHIC EXPERTS GROUP JPEG is a compressed image file format. There is no limitation of color like GIF images. JPEG is best for compressing photographic images. Large colorful images are normally JPEG images. If a JPEG image is compressed too much the image becomes blocky and some of the detail is lost.