®Online Advertising Issues in the United States Recent developments in internet law affecting: • Copyrights • Trademarks • Social Media Accounts • Keywords • Legislation
® CopyrightViacom International, Inc. v YouTube, Inc.,10-3270-cv, 2012 WL 1130851 (2d Cir. April 5, 2012)• Litigation revived: Viacom won appeal which overturned District Court finding that YouTube was protected under DMCA• Issues are somewhat moot: case began 5 yrs ago; copyright owners now have access to “Content ID” system• Opens some potential holes in DMCA §512(c) safe harbors, which court says would protect YouTube from both direct and secondary infringement• YouTube satisfied most of the 512(c) elements, but if found to have failed on one, the defense fails
® TrademarksAs the types of media grow… so too do the ways in which trademarks are affected • Social media user names • Mobile application names » see Justin Bieber v. Joustin’ Beaver (RC3, Inc.)Domain names • 2011: .XXX • 2012: “.brand” and “brand.TLD” • How will brand owners enforce their trademarks?
® Keyword AdvertisingRosetta Stone Ltd. v. Google, Inc., No. 10-2007 (4th Cir. April 9, 2012) – Appeals court overturned denial of Rosetta Stone’s claims of direct trademark infringement, contributory infringement, and dilution – Remanded to district court for further proceedings regarding these claims – Likely to create a new wave of actions against Google – Though many experts still believe it is very unlikely that Google will be found liable for trademark infringement – Key question in keyword cases: is it a “use in commerce”?Network Automation, Inc. v. Advanced System Concepts, Inc.,2011 WL 815806 (9th Cir. March 8, 2011) – Network Automation sought Declaratory Judgment of non-infringement – Defendant counterclaimed and rec’d injunction preventing purchase of keyword advertising for “Active Batch” – Court said that buying keywords is a trademark “use in commerce” – Ninth Circuit reversed preliminary injunction and remanded to District Court, noting that keyword purchase was not inherently a trademark infringement
® Legislative IssuesAfter SOPA & PIPA (PROTECT IP ACT), what is next? Congress was truly surprised by the attention and resistance received Congress likely to re-visit issue: helping brand and website owners combat infringements and counterfeits in a quicker, cheaper manner than litigation New bill: CISPA However, election year in US