Keller module13

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  • 1.  Jean Piaget (1896-1980) ◦ Profoundly influenced the constructivist movement ◦ Believed children were active learners ◦ Children constructed new knowledge as they moved through different cognitive stages. ◦ Four cognitive stages  Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational
  • 2.  Jerome Bruner (1915-?) ◦ Proposed learning is an active process ◦ Learners construct new ideas or concepts based on current or past knowledge ◦ Technology offers many strategies ◦ Teacher’s role should be to encourage students through exploration and inquiry
  • 3.  Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) ◦ Developed social cognition ◦ Theorized that learning took place within the context of a child’s social development and culture ◦ He proposed that children have a zone of proximal development ◦ Teachers should discover the level of each child’s social development and build learning experiences from this point
  • 4.  John Dewey (1859-1952) ◦ Encouraged educators to reflect on their strategies and create activities that combine concrete and practical relevance to students’ lives ◦ Believed education was a social process ◦ Viewed learning as student-directed with a teacher serving as a guide for resources ◦ Believed in progressive education or educating the whole child, physically, mentally, and socially
  • 5.  “Constructivism is an active, constructive process. The learner is an information constructor. People actively construct or create their own subjective representations of objective reality.”1 Students learn by doing. The students learn HOW to learn. “Teachers help students to construct knowledge rather than to reproduce a series of facts.”2
  • 6.  With Technology ◦ Can recommend the use of computers for research. Without Technology ◦ Encourage students to use real-world examples ◦ Understands students conceptions and guides the student with activities to address them and build on them.
  • 7.  With technology ◦ Use a computer to write up findings from a lab. ◦ Use electronic flashcards ◦ Create spreadsheets to show data collected Without technology ◦ Build models out of clay or other artistic equipment
  • 8. Since I’m planning onbeing a mathteacher, couldincorporate theconstructivist theory intomy class by having thestudents use asmartboard to includetechnology. I could alsohave students set uptheir own exampleproblems and quiz eachother.
  • 9. 1. http://www.learning- theories.com/constructivism.html2. http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2 class/constructivism/index.html Sources for images ◦ Google