VisibleGovernment.ca




Benefits of Open Government Data
[1]
Another Type of Social Media:
 Publishing Structured Data




                                [2]
Graphic generated by Redkid.net
Web-oriented Architectures:
“have a much greater potential
effect on the ability to transform
government than anything els...
Publishing Structured            Data Visualization
Feeds                            • Makes it easy to find new
• Ability...
•   Governments publish
             Governments                       data streams
             publish data
            ...
Why?
Open Systems Allow
External Contribution.
Goldcorp
1999: Struggling
Vancouver company

Early test results showed
gold deposits

After years of searching:
no gold fo...
Golden challenge unearths new ideas: Globe and Mail, April 2007.
“I
[The Goldcorps President] realized that the
uniquely qualified minds to make new discoveries
were probably outside the bou...
What if governments
took the same
approach?
structured govt. data
+ citizen expert groups
         some examples...
1st Year Results:
•2000 Citizen Reviewers
• Avg. Time / Reviewer / Patent: 6hrs
Easy to File a
   Report
Rewarding




            •25,000 Problems reported
            • 8,000 Fixed
A recent US
             Congress bill




Groups for     Groups
   bill       against bill
Votes


Donations
Publishing Structured             Data Visualization
Feeds                             • MAPLight makes relationship
• MAP...
Open Systems Make
   Failure Free.
  * paraphrasing Clay Shirky.




                  http://www.flickr.com/photos/cobalt...
Where’s the best solution?
It’s hard for
governments to
experiment.
There’s lots of people watching.




                                   [5]
There’s lots of rules.




                         [6]
“An online compliance checklist for
designers of government websites identifies
no fewer than 24 different regulatory
regi...
Let others
experiment
  for you.
* Save tax money.




                    [7]
Regulations.gov
                     • Launched                               • Re-designed
                     • Limited...
Open Systems Create
   New Markets.




                      [8]
Cisco:
127 Acquisitions in 15 Years




                               [9]
New Opportunities:

Visualization
Analysis
Community Mgmt.
Combining Data Sets
Data Mining
Niche Markets

          ...
Be like Cisco.

Buy the best solutions.

Open source them.

Create an expanding base
of re-usable software.




          ...
An Architecture for Open.




                            [12]
OLD                                            NEW




*From: Power of Information Task Force blog, June 2008.
OLD                                            NEW




*From: Power of Information Task Force blog, June 2008.
Access


                                                              Treasury
                                          ...
An Architecture for Open

                        Access

External                                    Treasury
Groups
    ...
Open System
Roadblocks.




              [13]
Civil servants often feel
they live in a fishbowl.
“No one was ever promoted
for disclosing information.”
  -US Government Employee.
  OMBWatch, Towards a 21st Century Right...
Open systems can
make heroes.

Not just scapegoats.




                       [14]
Estonia: Government document repository
  entirely open to public.
            - Stephen Clift, DemocracyOnline*




* htt...
Cost of Software Defect: Time Introduced vs. Time Detected
                             Time Detected

                   ...
Let the public see
your successes as
they’re happening.


                     • Goals achieved

                     • In...
About
VisibleGovernment.ca
   Focus:
     US Congress
     California
     Legislature

   Gives grants to
    online
    transparency
    tools
   UK Non-Profit

                                                             Simple,
                                 ...
   Accelerate online transparency
Ideas       Raise Awareness
              With public
              With government
...
Prove
Concept


 Get Publicity     Direct Attention and
                   Money and to Online
                  Tools For...
[15]
   5 Transparency Pledges         Transparency Reform

   Source Code:                   Measurable Campaign
       Cha...
 38 MPs elected

 2 agreed to publish their
calendar
[15]
   2003 Directive: Must
    publish travel and
    hospitality expenses
    on the web

   No standards for
    presenta...
124 Departments
  - All different
Standardize          Stream          Visualize
• Scrape data into   • Publish RSS   • Provide basic
  standard format     ...
Records collected so far.
30,000
         Volunteers.
4
         Errors found.
155
         Visualization company
1       ...
What you can do now.




                       [16]
“When you open up the data,
there’s no limit to what people can
do. It engages the imagination of
citizens in building the...
[17]
Government of Canada
Treasury Board
ITERation Project

  •   Generalized system for publishing data
  •   Implements IMF C...
What am I
  publishing?
                   How can I
                structure it so it
                can be re-used?


...
Further Resources:

VisibleGovernment.ca Website: http://visiblegovernment.ca

Government Data and the Invisible Hand, Dav...
http://www.slideshare.net/jenniferbell
Photo Credits:

[1]       234 social media marketing examples, beingpeterkim
          http://www.flickr.com/photos/beingp...
[10]   Hanging Boken Bulb II, bitzcelt
       http://www.flickr.com/photos/bitzcelt/450640323/

[11]   United Colors of Le...
Benefits Of Open Government Data
Benefits Of Open Government Data
Benefits Of Open Government Data
Benefits Of Open Government Data
Benefits Of Open Government Data
Benefits Of Open Government Data
Benefits Of Open Government Data
Benefits Of Open Government Data
Benefits Of Open Government Data
Benefits Of Open Government Data
Benefits Of Open Government Data
Benefits Of Open Government Data
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Benefits Of Open Government Data

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A bit older but beatiful presentation about the benefits of open government data from Canada.

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Benefits Of Open Government Data

  1. 1. VisibleGovernment.ca Benefits of Open Government Data
  2. 2. [1]
  3. 3. Another Type of Social Media: Publishing Structured Data [2]
  4. 4. Graphic generated by Redkid.net
  5. 5. Web-oriented Architectures: “have a much greater potential effect on the ability to transform government than anything else in the Web 2.0 world.” - Gartner, 2007 The E-Government Hype Cycle Meets Web 2.0
  6. 6. Publishing Structured Data Visualization Feeds • Makes it easy to find new • Ability to subscribe to patterns. interesting data • Data streams can be ‘mashed’ in new ways. Collaborative Crowdsourcing Organization • Combines skills and input of • Tagging, Voting, Sharing large numbers of people
  7. 7. • Governments publish Governments data streams publish data streams • 3rd parties create tools for analysis and oversight 3rd Issues are Party Citizens monitor data • Citizens collaboratively resolved Tools streams monitor their government • Citizens detect issues, Issues are detected give feedback • Issues are resolved
  8. 8. Why?
  9. 9. Open Systems Allow External Contribution.
  10. 10. Goldcorp 1999: Struggling Vancouver company Early test results showed gold deposits After years of searching: no gold found From Wikinomics, by Dan Tapscott [3]
  11. 11. Golden challenge unearths new ideas: Globe and Mail, April 2007.
  12. 12. “I
  13. 13. [The Goldcorps President] realized that the uniquely qualified minds to make new discoveries were probably outside the boundaries of his organization, and by sharing some intellectual property he could harness the power of collective genius and capability [4]
  14. 14. What if governments took the same approach?
  15. 15. structured govt. data + citizen expert groups some examples...
  16. 16. 1st Year Results: •2000 Citizen Reviewers • Avg. Time / Reviewer / Patent: 6hrs
  17. 17. Easy to File a Report
  18. 18. Rewarding •25,000 Problems reported • 8,000 Fixed
  19. 19. A recent US Congress bill Groups for Groups bill against bill
  20. 20. Votes Donations
  21. 21. Publishing Structured Data Visualization Feeds • MAPLight makes relationship • MAPLight is a mashup of between money and votes data streams from different visible. sources. Collaborative Crowdsourcing Organization • Thousands of journalists, • Advocacy group tags advocates, and citizens can donating companies as browse data and flag issues. belonging to interest groups.
  22. 22. Open Systems Make Failure Free. * paraphrasing Clay Shirky. http://www.flickr.com/photos/cobalt/1308955915/
  23. 23. Where’s the best solution?
  24. 24. It’s hard for governments to experiment.
  25. 25. There’s lots of people watching. [5]
  26. 26. There’s lots of rules. [6]
  27. 27. “An online compliance checklist for designers of government websites identifies no fewer than 24 different regulatory regimes with which all public government web sites must comply.” -David Robinson, Princeton Center for Information Policy. “Government Data and the Invisible Hand”
  28. 28. Let others experiment for you. * Save tax money. [7]
  29. 29. Regulations.gov • Launched • Re-designed • Limited Search • Re-launched • Hard to Use • Added RSS Feeds 2003 2008 (+few months) • Pared down interface OpenRegulations.org • Easy to navigate *From: Government Data and the Invisible Hand, David Robinson, Princeton Center for Information Technology Policy.
  30. 30. Open Systems Create New Markets. [8]
  31. 31. Cisco: 127 Acquisitions in 15 Years [9]
  32. 32. New Opportunities: Visualization Analysis Community Mgmt. Combining Data Sets Data Mining Niche Markets [10]
  33. 33. Be like Cisco. Buy the best solutions. Open source them. Create an expanding base of re-usable software. [11]
  34. 34. An Architecture for Open. [12]
  35. 35. OLD NEW *From: Power of Information Task Force blog, June 2008.
  36. 36. OLD NEW *From: Power of Information Task Force blog, June 2008.
  37. 37. Access Treasury Board Reporting Department Reporting Auditor General Access *From: Government Data and the Invisible Hand, David Robinson, Princeton Center for Information Technology Policy.
  38. 38. An Architecture for Open Access External Treasury Groups Board Reporting Department Reporting Auditor General* External Groups Access * Save tax dollars.
  39. 39. Open System Roadblocks. [13]
  40. 40. Civil servants often feel they live in a fishbowl.
  41. 41. “No one was ever promoted for disclosing information.” -US Government Employee. OMBWatch, Towards a 21st Century Right To Know Agenda
  42. 42. Open systems can make heroes. Not just scapegoats. [14]
  43. 43. Estonia: Government document repository entirely open to public. - Stephen Clift, DemocracyOnline* * http://rebooting.personaldemocracy.com/node/52 [18]
  44. 44. Cost of Software Defect: Time Introduced vs. Time Detected Time Detected Require- Architec- Construc- System Post- ments ture tion Test Release Require- 1× 3× 5–10× 10× 10–100× ments Time Architec- Introduced - 1× 10× 15× 25–100× ture Construc- - - 1× 10× 10–25× tion McConnell, Steve (2004). Code Complete (2nd edition ed.) Microsoft Press. pp. 960. ISBN 0-7356-1967-0. Also here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_testing
  45. 45. Let the public see your successes as they’re happening. • Goals achieved • Innovative services • Efficiency improvements
  46. 46. About VisibleGovernment.ca
  47. 47.  Focus:  US Congress  California Legislature  Gives grants to online transparency tools
  48. 48.  UK Non-Profit  Simple, Effective Tools  High Participation Photo by memespring, Flickr.com, Creative Commons ASA2G
  49. 49.  Accelerate online transparency Ideas  Raise Awareness  With public  With government Skills  Raise Money  Fund External Development: Funds  Grants  Contests
  50. 50. Prove Concept Get Publicity Direct Attention and Money and to Online Tools For Transparency Raise Awareness Show What’s Possible
  51. 51. [15]
  52. 52.  5 Transparency Pledges Transparency Reform  Source Code: Measurable Campaign  Change-Congress.org Promises  (Lawrence Lessig and Joe Trippi) Publish MP Schedules  Candidate info scraped from Eliminate Data Access party websites Fees  10 days to implement Access to Information Reform
  53. 53.  38 MPs elected  2 agreed to publish their calendar
  54. 54. [15]
  55. 55.  2003 Directive: Must publish travel and hospitality expenses on the web  No standards for presentation defined
  56. 56. 124 Departments - All different
  57. 57. Standardize Stream Visualize • Scrape data into • Publish RSS • Provide basic standard format feeds visualization app • Hold contests
  58. 58. Records collected so far. 30,000 Volunteers. 4 Errors found. 155 Visualization company 1 engaged. Lawyer making sure things 1 are on the up-and-up.
  59. 59. What you can do now. [16]
  60. 60. “When you open up the data, there’s no limit to what people can do. It engages the imagination of citizens in building the city.” -David Miller, Mayor of Toronto. Toronto 2.0: Data Sharing Source The Globe and Mail, 09-01-31
  61. 61. [17]
  62. 62. Government of Canada Treasury Board ITERation Project • Generalized system for publishing data • Implements IMF Code of Conduct for Fiscal Transparency
  63. 63. What am I publishing? How can I structure it so it can be re-used? How can I be more open?
  64. 64. Further Resources: VisibleGovernment.ca Website: http://visiblegovernment.ca Government Data and the Invisible Hand, David Robinson et. al. Princeton Center for Information Technology Policy http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1138083 Hack, Mash and Peer: Crowdsourcing Government Transparency Jerry Brito, George Mason University http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1023485 ChangeCamp: http://groups.google.com/group/changecamp Sunlight Foundation: http://www.sunlightfoundation.com/ Government 2.0, David Eggers. (2005) Here Comes Everybody, Clay Shirky. (2008)
  65. 65. http://www.slideshare.net/jenniferbell
  66. 66. Photo Credits: [1] 234 social media marketing examples, beingpeterkim http://www.flickr.com/photos/beingpeterkim/2909140600/ [2] Printing Press, Thomas Hawk http://www.flickr.com/photos/thomashawk/172495285/ [3] Gold Bars, Curtis Perry http://www.flickr.com/photos/curtisperry/56998544 [4] Where’s Wally?, McGarry http://www.flickr.com/photos/mcgarry/111003432 [5] Eye see you!, dotbenjamin http://www.flickr.com/photos/dotbenjamin/2636942186 [6] Auntie P.'s ruler, John Edgar Park http://www.flickr.com/photos/edgar/355067220 [7] Chemical Reaction, Neys http://www.flickr.com/photos/neys/2386865187 [8] Landmark Supermarket Trinoma, bredgur http://www.flickr.com/photos/bredgur/2655954991 [9] Cisco 2950, Marco Wessel http://www.flickr.com/photos/mhw/91952572/
  67. 67. [10] Hanging Boken Bulb II, bitzcelt http://www.flickr.com/photos/bitzcelt/450640323/ [11] United Colors of Legotton, Guillermo http://www.flickr.com/photos/grdloizaga/817425185 [12] Rotterdam: abstract architecture, docman http://www.flickr.com/photos/docman/2216568210 [13] Roadblock, iboy daniel http://www.flickr.com/photos/iboy_daniel/83671284 [14] just take my hand let's fly away, funkyah http://www.flickr.com/photos/funkyah/2400889778/ [15] Amelia Earheart, missrougue, http://www.flickr.com/photos/missrogue/297606078/ [16] Dave Wants You, Chris Owens http://www.flickr.com/photos/shutter/105497713 [17] Robots Attack, Andy Wilson http://www.flickr.com/photos/by_andy/2646443630/ [18] Old Town, Tallinn, Estonia http://www.flickr.com/photos/kaeru/1442362288/
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