Aerial view of Saint Peter’s, Vatican City, Rome, Italy. Piazza designed by
GIANLORENZO BERNINI, 1656-1667.
Figure 24-5 GIANLORENZO BERNINI,
baldacchino, Saint Peter’s, Vatican
City, Rome, Italy, 1624–1633. Gilded
bronze, 100’ hig...
Figure 24-7 GIANLORENZO BERNINI, David, 1623.
Marble, 5’ 7” high. Galleria Borghese, Rome.
Figure 24-8 GIANLORENZO BERNINI, Ecstasy of
Saint Teresa, Cornaro Chapel, Santa Maria della
Vittoria, Rome, Italy, 1645–16...
Figure 24-9 FRANCESCO BORROMINI, facade of San Carlo
alle Quattro Fontane, Rome, Italy, 1638-41
Figure 24-17 CARAVAGGIO, Conversion
of Saint Paul, ca. 1601. Oil on canvas, 7’
6” x 5’ 9”. Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria
del ...
Figure 24-18 CARAVAGGIO, Calling of Saint Matthew, ca. 1597–1601. Oil on canvas, 11’ 1” x 11’ 5”.
Contarelli Chapel, San L...
Figure 24-20 ARTEMISIA GENTILESCHI,
Judith Slaying Holofernes, ca. 1614–
1620. Oil on canvas, 6’ 6 1/3” x 5’ 4”.
Galleria ...
Figure 24-16 ANNIBALE
CARRACCI, Loves of the Gods,
ceiling frescoes in the gallery,
Palazzo Farnese, Rome, Italy,
1597–160...
Figure 24-21 GUIDO RENI, Aurora, ceiling fresco in the Casino Rospigliosi, Rome, Italy, 1613–1614.
Figure 24-22 PIETRO DA CORTONA, Triumph of the Barberini, ceiling fresco in the Gran Salone, Palazzo
Barberini, Rome, Ital...
Figure 24-23 GIOVANNI BATTISTA GAULLI, Triumph of the Name of Jesus, ceiling fresco with stucco
figures in the nave vault ...
Figure 24-24 FRA ANDREA POZZO, Glorification of Saint Ignatius, ceiling fresco in the nave of Sant’Ignazio,
Rome, Italy, 1...
Figure 24-26 FRANCISCO DE
ZURBARÁN, Saint Serapion, 1628.
Oil on canvas, 3’ 11 1/2” x 3’ 4
3/4”. Wadsworth Atheneum,
Hartf...
Figure 24-27 DIEGO VELÁZQUEZ (1599-1660),
Water Carrier of Seville, ca. 1619. Oil on
canvas, 3’ 5 1/2” x 2’ 7 1/2”. Victor...
Figure 24-30 DIEGO VELÁZQUEZ, Las
Meninas (The Maids of Honor), 1656.
Oil on canvas, approx. 10’ 5” x 9’.
Museo del Prado,...
Figure 25-2 PETER PAUL RUBENS, Elevation of the Cross, from Saint Walburga, Antwerp, 1610. Oil on wood,
15’ 1 7/8” x 11’ 1...
Figure 25-3 PETER PAUL RUBENS, Arrival of
Marie de’ Medici at Marseilles, 1622–1625.
Oil on canvas, 12’ 11 1/2” x 9’ 7”. L...
Figure 25-5 ANTHONY VAN DYCK, Charles I
Dismounted (at the Hunt), ca. 1635. Oil on
canvas, 8’ x 11” x 6’ 11 1/2”. Louvre, ...
Figure 25-11 JUDITH LEYSTER, Self-Portrait, ca. 1630. Oil on canvas, 2’ 5 3/8” x 2’ 1 5/8”. National
Gallery of Art, Washi...
Figure 25-13 REMBRANDT VAN RIJN, The Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq (Night Watch), 1642. Oil
on canvas (cropped fro...
Figure 25-16 REMBRANDT VAN RIJN, Christ with the Sick around Him, Receiving the Children (Hundred
Guilder Print), ca. 1649...
Figure 25-15 REMBRANDT VAN RIJN,
Self-Portrait, ca. 1659–1660. Oil on
canvas, approx. 3’ 8 3/4” x 3’ 1”.
Kenwood House, Lo...
Figure 25-1 JAN VERMEER,
Allegory of the Art of Painting, 1670–
1675. Oil on canvas, 4’ 4” x 3’ 8”.
Kunsthistorisches Muse...
Figure 25-24 NICOLAS POUSSIN, Et in Arcadia Ego, ca. 1655. Oil on canvas, approx. 2’ 10” x 4’. Louvre, Paris.
Figure 25-26 CLAUDE LORRAIN, Landscape with Cattle and Peasants, 1629. Oil on canvas, 3’ 6” x 4’ 10 1/2”.
Philadelphia Mus...
Figure 25-27 LOUIS LE NAIN, Family of Country People, ca. 1640. Oil on canvas, 3’ 8” x 5’ 2”. Louvre, Paris.
Figure 25-30 HYACINTHE RIGAUD, Louis XIV,
1701. Oil on canvas, 9’ 2” x 6’ 3”. Louvre, Paris.
Figure 25-32 25-33 JULES HARDOUIN-MANSART, CHARLES LE BRUN, and ANDRE LE NOTRE,
Aerial view (looking west) of the palace a...
Figure 25-33 JULES HARDOUIN-MANSART and CHARLES LE BRUN, Galerie des Glaces (Hall of Mirrors),
palace of Louis XIV, Versai...
Figure 29-6 ANTOINE WATTEAU, Pilgrimage to Cythera, 1717. Oil on canvas, 4’ 3” x 6’ 4 1/2”. Louvre, Paris.
Figure 29-1 JEAN-HONORÉ FRAGONARD
(1732-1806), The Swing, 1766. Oil on
canvas, approx. 2’ 8 5/8” x 2’ 2”. Wallace
Collecti...
Figure 25-38 SIR CHRISTOPHER WREN,
new Saint Paul’s Cathedral, London,
England, 1675–1710.
Figure 29-7 FRANÇOIS BOUCHER (1703-70), Cupid a Captive,
1754. Oil on canvas, 5’ 6” x 2’ 10”. The Wallace Collection,
Lond...
Figure 29-9 CLODION (1738-1814), Satyr Crowning a Bacchante, 1770, Terracotta, 1’ 5/8”, Louvre, Paris.
Figure 29-12 JEAN-BAPTISTE-SIMÉON
CHARDIN (1699-1779), Saying Grace, 1740.
Oil on canvas, 1’ 7” x 1’ 3”. Louvre, Paris.
Figure 29-13 JEAN-BAPTISTE GREUZE (1725-1805), Village Bride, 1761. Oil on canvas, 3’ x 3’ 10 1/2”. Louvre.
Figure 29-14 ÉLISABETH LOUISE VIGÉE-
LEBRUN (1755-1842), Self-Portrait, 1790.
Oil on canvas, 8’ 4” x 6’ 9”. Galleria degli...
Figure 29-15 WILLIAM HOGARTH (1697-1764), Breakfast Scene, from Marriage à la Mode, ca. 1745. Oil on
canvas, 2’ 4” x 3’. N...
Figure 29-17 SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS
Lord Heathfield, 1787. Oil on canvas, 4’ 8” x
3’ 9”. National Gallery, London.
Figure 29-18 BENJAMIN WEST (1738-1820), Death of General Wolfe, 1771. Oil on canvas, approx. 4’ 11” x 7’
National Gallery ...
Figure 29-19 JOHN SINGLETON COPLEY
(1738-1815), Portrait of Paul Revere, ca.
1768–70. Oil on canvas, 2’ 11 1/8” x 2’4”.
Mu...
Figure 29-22 ANGELICA KAUFFMANN (1741-1807), Cornelia Presenting Her Children as Her Treasures, or
Mother of the Gracchi, ...
Figure 29-23 JACQUES-LOUIS DAVID (1748-1825), Oath of the Horatii, 1784. Oil on canvas, approx. 10’ 10” x
13’ 11”. Louvre,...
Figure 29-24 JACQUES-LOUIS DAVID,
The Death of Marat, 1793. Oil on
canvas,. 5’ 5” x 4’ 2 1/2”. Musées
Royaux des Beaux-Art...
Antonio Canova, Pauline Borghese as Venus, 1808, marble, 6’7”, Galleria Borghese, Rome
Figure 29-31 HORATIO GREENOUGH,
George Washington, 1840. Marble, 11’ 4”
high. Smithsonian American Art Museum,
Washington,...
Figure 29-25 JACQUES-GERMAIN SOUFFLOT, Pantheon (originally Sainte-Genevieve), Paris, France, 1755-92.
Figure 29-28 THOMAS JEFFERSON, Monticello, Charlottesville, United States, 1770–1806.
Figure 30-5 ANTOINE-JEAN GROS, Napoleon at the Plague House at Jaffa, 1804. Oil on canvas,
17’ 5” x 23’ 7”. Louvre, Paris.
Figure 30-8 JEAN-AUGUSTE-DOMINIQUE INGRES, Grande Odalisque, 1814. Oil on canvas, approx. 2’ 11 7/8”
x 5’ 4”. Louvre, Pari...
Figure 30-9 HENRY FUSELI, The Nightmare, 1781. Oil on canvas, 3’ 4 3/4” x 4’ 1 1/2”. The Detroit Institute of
the Arts
Figure 30-11 FRANCISCO GOYA (1746-1828),
The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, from
Los Caprichos (The Caprices), ca. 179...
Figure 30-12 FRANCISCO GOYA, The Family of Charles IV, 1800. Oil on canvas, approx. 9’ 2” x 11’.
Museo del Prado, Madrid.
Figure 30-13 FRANCISCO GOYA, Third of May, 1808, 1814. Oil on canvas, 8’ 9” x 13’ 4”. Museo del Prado
Figure 30-15 THÉODORE GÉRICAULT, Raft of the Medusa, 1818–1819. Oil on canvas, 16’ 1” x 23’ 6”. Louvre,
Figure 30-18 EUGÈNE DELACROIX, Liberty Leading the People, 1830. Oil on canvas, 8’ 6” x 10’ 8”. Louvre
Figure 30-19 EUGÈNE DELACROIX, Tiger Hunt, 1854. Oil on canvas, 2’ 5” x 3’. Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
Figure 30-20 FRANÇOIS RUDE,
Departure of the Volunteers of 1792
(La Marseillaise),
Arc de Triomphe, Paris, France, 1833–
1...
Figure 30-22 JOHN CONSTABLE, The Haywain, 1821. Oil on canvas, 4’ 3” x 6’ 2”. National Gallery, London.
Figure 30-23 JOSEPH MALLORD WILLIAM TURNER, The Slave Ship (Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and
Dying, Typhoon Coming ...
Figure 30-24 THOMAS COLE, The Oxbow (View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a
Thunderstorm), 1836. Oil...
Figure 30-25 ALBERT BIERSTADT, Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868. Oil on canvas,
6x10’.
Figure 30-45 JOHN NASH, Royal Pavilion, Brighton, England, 1815–1818.
Figure 30-46 CHARLES GARNIER, the Opera, Paris, France, 1861-1874
Figure 30-50 LOUIS-JACQUES-MANDÉ DAGUERRE, Still Life in Studio, 1837. 6 1/4” x 8 1/4”. Daguerreotype.
Collection Société ...
Figure 30-53 TIMOTHY O’SULLIVAN, A Harvest of Death, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1863. Negative by
Timothy O’Sullivan. ...
Figure 30-54 EADWEARD MUYBRIDGE, Horse Galloping, 1878. Collotype print, 9” x 12”. George Eastman
House, Rochester, New Yo...
Figure 30-27 GUSTAVE COURBET, The Stone Breakers, 1849. Oil on canvas, 5’ 3” x 8’ 6”. Formerly at
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden ...
Figure 30-28 GUSTAVE COURBET, Burial at Ornans, 1849. Oil on canvas, 10’ 3 1/2” x 22’ 9 1/2”.
Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
Figure 30-29 JEAN-FRANÇOIS MILLET, The Gleaners, 1857. Oil on canvas, 2’ 9” x 3’ 8”. Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
Figure 30-30 HONORÉ DAUMIER, Rue Transnonain, April 15 1834, 1834. Lithograph, 1’ x 1’ 5 1/2”.
Philadelphia Museum of Art,...
Figure 30-31 HONORÉ DAUMIER, Third-Class Carriage, ca. 1862. Oil on canvas, 2’ 1 3/4” x 2’ 11 1/2”.
Metropolitan Museum of...
Figure 30-32 ROSA BONHEUR, The Horse Fair, 1853–1855. Oil on canvas, 8’ 1/4” x 16’ 7 1/2”. Metropolitan
Museum of Art, New...
Figure 30-33 ÉDOUARD MANET, Le Déjeuner sur l’Herbe (Luncheon on the Grass), 1863. Oil on canvas,
7’ x 8’ 10”. Musée d’Ors...
Figure 30-34 ÉDOUARD MANET, Olympia, 1863. Oil on canvas, 4’ 3” x 6’ 2 1/4”. Musée
d’Orsay, Paris.
Figure 30-42 JOHN EVERETT MILLAIS, Ophelia, 1852. Oil on canvas, 2’ 6” x 3’ 8”. Tate Gallery, London.
Figure 30-38 THOMAS EAKINS, The
Gross Clinic, 1875. Oil on canvas, 8’
x 6’ 6”. Philadelphia Museum of
Art, Philadelphia.
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  • Knight of Malta, Nerieds
  • Like Caracci brothers, Bolognese Academy in Italy (landscape formula,)
  • Images 2

    1. 1. Aerial view of Saint Peter’s, Vatican City, Rome, Italy. Piazza designed by GIANLORENZO BERNINI, 1656-1667.
    2. 2. Figure 24-5 GIANLORENZO BERNINI, baldacchino, Saint Peter’s, Vatican City, Rome, Italy, 1624–1633. Gilded bronze, 100’ high.
    3. 3. Figure 24-7 GIANLORENZO BERNINI, David, 1623. Marble, 5’ 7” high. Galleria Borghese, Rome.
    4. 4. Figure 24-8 GIANLORENZO BERNINI, Ecstasy of Saint Teresa, Cornaro Chapel, Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome, Italy, 1645–1652. Marble, height of group 11’ 6”.
    5. 5. Figure 24-9 FRANCESCO BORROMINI, facade of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, Rome, Italy, 1638-41
    6. 6. Figure 24-17 CARAVAGGIO, Conversion of Saint Paul, ca. 1601. Oil on canvas, 7’ 6” x 5’ 9”. Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome.
    7. 7. Figure 24-18 CARAVAGGIO, Calling of Saint Matthew, ca. 1597–1601. Oil on canvas, 11’ 1” x 11’ 5”. Contarelli Chapel, San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome
    8. 8. Figure 24-20 ARTEMISIA GENTILESCHI, Judith Slaying Holofernes, ca. 1614– 1620. Oil on canvas, 6’ 6 1/3” x 5’ 4”. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence.
    9. 9. Figure 24-16 ANNIBALE CARRACCI, Loves of the Gods, ceiling frescoes in the gallery, Palazzo Farnese, Rome, Italy, 1597–1601.
    10. 10. Figure 24-21 GUIDO RENI, Aurora, ceiling fresco in the Casino Rospigliosi, Rome, Italy, 1613–1614.
    11. 11. Figure 24-22 PIETRO DA CORTONA, Triumph of the Barberini, ceiling fresco in the Gran Salone, Palazzo Barberini, Rome, Italy, 1633–1639.
    12. 12. Figure 24-23 GIOVANNI BATTISTA GAULLI, Triumph of the Name of Jesus, ceiling fresco with stucco figures in the nave vault of Il Gesù, Rome, Italy, 1676–1679.
    13. 13. Figure 24-24 FRA ANDREA POZZO, Glorification of Saint Ignatius, ceiling fresco in the nave of Sant’Ignazio, Rome, Italy, 1691–1694.
    14. 14. Figure 24-26 FRANCISCO DE ZURBARÁN, Saint Serapion, 1628. Oil on canvas, 3’ 11 1/2” x 3’ 4 3/4”. Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford (The Ella Gallup Sumner and Mary Catlin Sumner Collection Fund).
    15. 15. Figure 24-27 DIEGO VELÁZQUEZ (1599-1660), Water Carrier of Seville, ca. 1619. Oil on canvas, 3’ 5 1/2” x 2’ 7 1/2”. Victoria & Albert Museum, London.
    16. 16. Figure 24-30 DIEGO VELÁZQUEZ, Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor), 1656. Oil on canvas, approx. 10’ 5” x 9’. Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    17. 17. Figure 25-2 PETER PAUL RUBENS, Elevation of the Cross, from Saint Walburga, Antwerp, 1610. Oil on wood, 15’ 1 7/8” x 11’ 1 1/2” (center panel), 15' 1 7/8" x 4' 11" (each wing). Antwerp Cathedral, Antwerp.
    18. 18. Figure 25-3 PETER PAUL RUBENS, Arrival of Marie de’ Medici at Marseilles, 1622–1625. Oil on canvas, 12’ 11 1/2” x 9’ 7”. Louvre, Paris.
    19. 19. Figure 25-5 ANTHONY VAN DYCK, Charles I Dismounted (at the Hunt), ca. 1635. Oil on canvas, 8’ x 11” x 6’ 11 1/2”. Louvre, Paris.
    20. 20. Figure 25-11 JUDITH LEYSTER, Self-Portrait, ca. 1630. Oil on canvas, 2’ 5 3/8” x 2’ 1 5/8”. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (gift of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Woods Bliss).
    21. 21. Figure 25-13 REMBRANDT VAN RIJN, The Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq (Night Watch), 1642. Oil on canvas (cropped from original size), 11’ 11” x 14’ 4”. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
    22. 22. Figure 25-16 REMBRANDT VAN RIJN, Christ with the Sick around Him, Receiving the Children (Hundred Guilder Print), ca. 1649. Etching, 11” x 1’ 3 1/4”. Pierpont Morgan Library, New York.
    23. 23. Figure 25-15 REMBRANDT VAN RIJN, Self-Portrait, ca. 1659–1660. Oil on canvas, approx. 3’ 8 3/4” x 3’ 1”. Kenwood House, London
    24. 24. Figure 25-1 JAN VERMEER, Allegory of the Art of Painting, 1670– 1675. Oil on canvas, 4’ 4” x 3’ 8”. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
    25. 25. Figure 25-24 NICOLAS POUSSIN, Et in Arcadia Ego, ca. 1655. Oil on canvas, approx. 2’ 10” x 4’. Louvre, Paris.
    26. 26. Figure 25-26 CLAUDE LORRAIN, Landscape with Cattle and Peasants, 1629. Oil on canvas, 3’ 6” x 4’ 10 1/2”. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia (George W. Elkins Collection).
    27. 27. Figure 25-27 LOUIS LE NAIN, Family of Country People, ca. 1640. Oil on canvas, 3’ 8” x 5’ 2”. Louvre, Paris.
    28. 28. Figure 25-30 HYACINTHE RIGAUD, Louis XIV, 1701. Oil on canvas, 9’ 2” x 6’ 3”. Louvre, Paris.
    29. 29. Figure 25-32 25-33 JULES HARDOUIN-MANSART, CHARLES LE BRUN, and ANDRE LE NOTRE, Aerial view (looking west) of the palace and gardens, Versailles, France, begun 1669.
    30. 30. Figure 25-33 JULES HARDOUIN-MANSART and CHARLES LE BRUN, Galerie des Glaces (Hall of Mirrors), palace of Louis XIV, Versailles, France, ca. 1680.
    31. 31. Figure 29-6 ANTOINE WATTEAU, Pilgrimage to Cythera, 1717. Oil on canvas, 4’ 3” x 6’ 4 1/2”. Louvre, Paris.
    32. 32. Figure 29-1 JEAN-HONORÉ FRAGONARD (1732-1806), The Swing, 1766. Oil on canvas, approx. 2’ 8 5/8” x 2’ 2”. Wallace Collection, London.
    33. 33. Figure 25-38 SIR CHRISTOPHER WREN, new Saint Paul’s Cathedral, London, England, 1675–1710.
    34. 34. Figure 29-7 FRANÇOIS BOUCHER (1703-70), Cupid a Captive, 1754. Oil on canvas, 5’ 6” x 2’ 10”. The Wallace Collection, London.
    35. 35. Figure 29-9 CLODION (1738-1814), Satyr Crowning a Bacchante, 1770, Terracotta, 1’ 5/8”, Louvre, Paris.
    36. 36. Figure 29-12 JEAN-BAPTISTE-SIMÉON CHARDIN (1699-1779), Saying Grace, 1740. Oil on canvas, 1’ 7” x 1’ 3”. Louvre, Paris.
    37. 37. Figure 29-13 JEAN-BAPTISTE GREUZE (1725-1805), Village Bride, 1761. Oil on canvas, 3’ x 3’ 10 1/2”. Louvre.
    38. 38. Figure 29-14 ÉLISABETH LOUISE VIGÉE- LEBRUN (1755-1842), Self-Portrait, 1790. Oil on canvas, 8’ 4” x 6’ 9”. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence.
    39. 39. Figure 29-15 WILLIAM HOGARTH (1697-1764), Breakfast Scene, from Marriage à la Mode, ca. 1745. Oil on canvas, 2’ 4” x 3’. National Gallery, London.
    40. 40. Figure 29-17 SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS Lord Heathfield, 1787. Oil on canvas, 4’ 8” x 3’ 9”. National Gallery, London.
    41. 41. Figure 29-18 BENJAMIN WEST (1738-1820), Death of General Wolfe, 1771. Oil on canvas, approx. 4’ 11” x 7’ National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
    42. 42. Figure 29-19 JOHN SINGLETON COPLEY (1738-1815), Portrait of Paul Revere, ca. 1768–70. Oil on canvas, 2’ 11 1/8” x 2’4”. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
    43. 43. Figure 29-22 ANGELICA KAUFFMANN (1741-1807), Cornelia Presenting Her Children as Her Treasures, or Mother of the Gracchi, ca. 1785. Oil on canvas, 3’ 4” x 4’ 2”. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond
    44. 44. Figure 29-23 JACQUES-LOUIS DAVID (1748-1825), Oath of the Horatii, 1784. Oil on canvas, approx. 10’ 10” x 13’ 11”. Louvre, Paris.
    45. 45. Figure 29-24 JACQUES-LOUIS DAVID, The Death of Marat, 1793. Oil on canvas,. 5’ 5” x 4’ 2 1/2”. Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels.
    46. 46. Antonio Canova, Pauline Borghese as Venus, 1808, marble, 6’7”, Galleria Borghese, Rome
    47. 47. Figure 29-31 HORATIO GREENOUGH, George Washington, 1840. Marble, 11’ 4” high. Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.
    48. 48. Figure 29-25 JACQUES-GERMAIN SOUFFLOT, Pantheon (originally Sainte-Genevieve), Paris, France, 1755-92.
    49. 49. Figure 29-28 THOMAS JEFFERSON, Monticello, Charlottesville, United States, 1770–1806.
    50. 50. Figure 30-5 ANTOINE-JEAN GROS, Napoleon at the Plague House at Jaffa, 1804. Oil on canvas, 17’ 5” x 23’ 7”. Louvre, Paris.
    51. 51. Figure 30-8 JEAN-AUGUSTE-DOMINIQUE INGRES, Grande Odalisque, 1814. Oil on canvas, approx. 2’ 11 7/8” x 5’ 4”. Louvre, Paris.
    52. 52. Figure 30-9 HENRY FUSELI, The Nightmare, 1781. Oil on canvas, 3’ 4 3/4” x 4’ 1 1/2”. The Detroit Institute of the Arts
    53. 53. Figure 30-11 FRANCISCO GOYA (1746-1828), The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, from Los Caprichos (The Caprices), ca. 1798. Etching and aquatint, 8 1/2” x 5 7/8”. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
    54. 54. Figure 30-12 FRANCISCO GOYA, The Family of Charles IV, 1800. Oil on canvas, approx. 9’ 2” x 11’. Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    55. 55. Figure 30-13 FRANCISCO GOYA, Third of May, 1808, 1814. Oil on canvas, 8’ 9” x 13’ 4”. Museo del Prado
    56. 56. Figure 30-15 THÉODORE GÉRICAULT, Raft of the Medusa, 1818–1819. Oil on canvas, 16’ 1” x 23’ 6”. Louvre,
    57. 57. Figure 30-18 EUGÈNE DELACROIX, Liberty Leading the People, 1830. Oil on canvas, 8’ 6” x 10’ 8”. Louvre
    58. 58. Figure 30-19 EUGÈNE DELACROIX, Tiger Hunt, 1854. Oil on canvas, 2’ 5” x 3’. Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
    59. 59. Figure 30-20 FRANÇOIS RUDE, Departure of the Volunteers of 1792 (La Marseillaise), Arc de Triomphe, Paris, France, 1833– 1836. Limestone, 41’ 8” high.
    60. 60. Figure 30-22 JOHN CONSTABLE, The Haywain, 1821. Oil on canvas, 4’ 3” x 6’ 2”. National Gallery, London.
    61. 61. Figure 30-23 JOSEPH MALLORD WILLIAM TURNER, The Slave Ship (Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On), 1840. Oil on canvas, 2’ 11 11/16” x 4’ 5/16”. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
    62. 62. Figure 30-24 THOMAS COLE, The Oxbow (View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm), 1836. Oil on canvas, 4’ 3 1/2” x 6’ 4”. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
    63. 63. Figure 30-25 ALBERT BIERSTADT, Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868. Oil on canvas, 6x10’.
    64. 64. Figure 30-45 JOHN NASH, Royal Pavilion, Brighton, England, 1815–1818.
    65. 65. Figure 30-46 CHARLES GARNIER, the Opera, Paris, France, 1861-1874
    66. 66. Figure 30-50 LOUIS-JACQUES-MANDÉ DAGUERRE, Still Life in Studio, 1837. 6 1/4” x 8 1/4”. Daguerreotype. Collection Société Française de Photographie, Paris.
    67. 67. Figure 30-53 TIMOTHY O’SULLIVAN, A Harvest of Death, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1863. Negative by Timothy O’Sullivan. Original print by ALEXANDER GARDNER, 6 3/4" x 8 3/4". New York Public Library (Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations, Rare Books and Manuscript Division), New York.
    68. 68. Figure 30-54 EADWEARD MUYBRIDGE, Horse Galloping, 1878. Collotype print, 9” x 12”. George Eastman House, Rochester, New York.
    69. 69. Figure 30-27 GUSTAVE COURBET, The Stone Breakers, 1849. Oil on canvas, 5’ 3” x 8’ 6”. Formerly at Gemäldegalerie, Dresden (destroyed in 1945).
    70. 70. Figure 30-28 GUSTAVE COURBET, Burial at Ornans, 1849. Oil on canvas, 10’ 3 1/2” x 22’ 9 1/2”. Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
    71. 71. Figure 30-29 JEAN-FRANÇOIS MILLET, The Gleaners, 1857. Oil on canvas, 2’ 9” x 3’ 8”. Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
    72. 72. Figure 30-30 HONORÉ DAUMIER, Rue Transnonain, April 15 1834, 1834. Lithograph, 1’ x 1’ 5 1/2”. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia (bequest of Fiske and Marie Kimball).
    73. 73. Figure 30-31 HONORÉ DAUMIER, Third-Class Carriage, ca. 1862. Oil on canvas, 2’ 1 3/4” x 2’ 11 1/2”. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
    74. 74. Figure 30-32 ROSA BONHEUR, The Horse Fair, 1853–1855. Oil on canvas, 8’ 1/4” x 16’ 7 1/2”. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (gift of Cornelius Vanderbilt, 1887).
    75. 75. Figure 30-33 ÉDOUARD MANET, Le Déjeuner sur l’Herbe (Luncheon on the Grass), 1863. Oil on canvas, 7’ x 8’ 10”. Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
    76. 76. Figure 30-34 ÉDOUARD MANET, Olympia, 1863. Oil on canvas, 4’ 3” x 6’ 2 1/4”. Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
    77. 77. Figure 30-42 JOHN EVERETT MILLAIS, Ophelia, 1852. Oil on canvas, 2’ 6” x 3’ 8”. Tate Gallery, London.
    78. 78. Figure 30-38 THOMAS EAKINS, The Gross Clinic, 1875. Oil on canvas, 8’ x 6’ 6”. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia.

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