THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION By: Erik AndersonMonday, November 14, 2011
THE REVOLUTION • Began in Britain • Started in early 1800s and lasted to the late 1900s • Western Europe, North America, Japan, and eventually the world took part in it.Monday, November 14, 2011
URBANIZATION • The Cottage Industry is a business or manufacturing activity carried on in a persons home. • There was a migration of people from rural to urban during the Industrial Revolution. • Living in cities permitted the people to take advantage of the opportunities of proximity, diversity, and marketplace competition.Monday, November 14, 2011
AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION • Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons. • The Agriculture Revolution began the producing of a larger amount of food. This intern led to a growth in population.Monday, November 14, 2011
TEXTILES • Textiles are a type of cloth or woven fabric. • Cotton Gin was invented by Eli Whitney. • Cotton Gin, Flying shuttle, and Carding Machine helped the industry boom. • Textile Industries was the ﬁrst commodity.Monday, November 14, 2011
STEAM ENGINE • Invented by Thomas Newcomen. • Improved by James Watt. • Invented in 1712. • It was the ﬁrst practical device to harness the power of steam to produce mechanical workMonday, November 14, 2011
BESSEMER PROCESS • A steelmaking process, in which carbon, silicon, and other impurities are removed from molten pig-iron by oxidation in a blast of air in a special tilting retort. • Invented by Henry Bessemer • It was important because before the Bessemer process, Britain had no practical method of reducing the carbon content of pig iron.Monday, November 14, 2011
PASTEURIZATION • To subject milk, wine, or other products to a process of partial sterilization involving heat treatment or irradiation, thus making the product safe for a persons consumption and improving its keeping quality. • Louis Pasteur was a French Chemist who invented a way to stop milk and wine from making people sick through pasteurization.Monday, November 14, 2011
THOMAS EDISON • Some things he invented were the lightbulb, phonograph, and the radio. • He had 1093 patients. • “I never perfected an invention that I did not think about in terms of the service it might give others... I ﬁnd out what the world needs, then I proceed to invent....” -Thomas EdisonMonday, November 14, 2011
ROMANTICISM • Is a movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual. • William Wordsworth and Mary Shelly were two authors during the time. • It’s reaction to the Industrial Revolution was very hostile.Monday, November 14, 2011
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