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  2. 2.  According to the Oxford Dictionaries a bully is “A person who uses strength or power to harm or intimidate those who are weaker” What Is A Bully? What Is Bullying?  According to Stop Bullying, bullying is the act of repeated, aggressive behavior intended to hurt another person, physically or mentally.
  3. 3. Bullying can be categorized into four main groups:  Physical  Verbal  Social  Cyber Types Of Bullying
  4. 4. Physical bullying involves hurting a person’s body or possessions. Some examples include:  Hitting/kicking/punching  Spitting  Tripping/pushing  Taking or breaking someone’s things Physical Bullying
  5. 5. Verbal bullying is saying or writing mean things. Some examples include:  Teasing  Name-calling  Taunting  Threatening to cause harm Verbal Bullying
  6. 6. Social bullying, sometimes referred to as relational bullying, involves hurting someone’s reputation or relationships. Social bullying includes:  Leaving someone out on purpose  Telling other children not to be friends with someone  Spreading rumors about someone  Intentionally embarrassing someone in public Social Bullying
  7. 7. Cyberbullying is when someone uses technology (cell phones, online games, websites) to hurt or embarrass someone else on purpose. Cyber bullying includes  Sending mean texts  Hacking into someone’s social networking profile  Being rude or mean to someone online  Spreading secrets or rumours about people online  Pretending to be someone else to spread hurtful messages online Cyber Bullying
  8. 8. Some signs that may point to a bullying problem are:  Unexplainable injuries  Lost or destroyed personal belongings  Frequently feeling sick or faking illness  Changes in eating habits  Difficulty sleeping or frequent nightmares  Declining grades, loss of interest in schoolwork  Not wanting to go to school  Feelings of helplessness or decreased self esteem  Self-destructive behaviors such harming themselves, or talking about suicide Signs Someone Is Being Bullied
  9. 9. Those who are bullied can experience negative physical, school, and mental health issues. They are more likely to experience:  Depression and anxiety  Loneliness  Changes in sleep and eating patterns  Loss of interest in activities they used to enjoy.  Decreased academics  They are more likely to miss, skip, or want to drop out of school  Self-destructive behaviors such harming themselves, or talking about suicide (StopBullying.Gov) Effects of Bullying
  10. 10. Those who bully others are more likely to experience:  Not knowing the difference between right and wrong  Delinquency and substance use  Academic problems and increased school drop out rate  Aggression  Gang involvement and criminal adulthood  Difficulties in their relationships with others Effects of Bullying
  11. 11.  The conflict theory suggests that human behavior in social contexts results from conflicts between competing groups. Conflict theory originated with the work of Karl Marx.  Sociology’s conflict theory provides an appropriate representation for bullying as it relates to issues in social inequality.  With regards to bullying, this further translates into the powerful vs. the powerless and the popular vs. non-popular Sociological Theory
  12. 12. According to a study conducted by the Canadian Red Cross:  A 2010 research project studying 33 Toronto high schools reported that 49.5 per cent of students surveyed had been bullied online  Between 4–12 per cent of boys and girls in grades 6 through 10 report having been bullied once a week or more  For boys, bullying behaviour peaks in grade nine at 47 per cent, while it peaks for girls in grades six, eight and nine at 37 per cent  Over 80 per cent of the time, bullying happens with peers around—and 57 per cent of the time, bullying stops within 10 seconds when a bystander steps in. Canadian Red Cross Statistics
  13. 13.  Bullying causes a number of social, physical and mental health problems compared to children who do not report involvement in bullying problems.  Without intervention, a significant number of youth who bully in childhood will continue to bully as they move through adolescence and into adulthood  Approximately 12% of girls and 18% of boys reported bullying others at least twice in previous months. (PrevNet 2013). The Problem
  14. 14.  Bullying is a disrespectful peer relationship problem. It is essential to identify and help children in order to support the development of healthy relationships  Early identification and intervention of bullying will prevent patterns of aggressive interactions from forming.  Bullying prevention programs and strategies must include and support all children, whether they are bullying, are being bullied or are witnessing bullying The Solution
  15. 15.  Educating teachers, parents and students about the issue can also go a long to preventing and stopping bullying in schools  Children need to be encouraged to be assertive and report bullying to a trusted adult The Solution
  16. 16.  3lAQg Bullying Video
  17. 17.  Kids Help Phone (2014). Types of Bullying. Retrieved from Bullying.aspx  Ontario Ministry of Education (2013). Bullying Awareness and Prevention Week. Retrieved from  Oxford Dictionaries (2014). Definition of Bully in Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved form  Prevnet (2014). Facts and Solutions. Retrieved from  Stop Bullying (2013). Bullying Definition. Retrieved from  Stop Bullying (2013). Effects of Bullying. Retrieved from  Stop Bullying (2013). Warning Signs. Retrieved from References