The Snowflake Effect:
    open learning
  without barriers

               erik duval
        K.U.Leuven & ARIADNE
   http...
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slogan warning!




             http://www.kinkyangel.co.uk/
                                            3
slogan warning!




             http://www.kinkyangel.co.uk/
                                            3
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✓ open source



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✓ open source



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✓ open source
✓ open content


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✓ open source
✓ open content


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✓ open source
 ✓ open content
✓ open standards

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✓ open source
 ✓ open content
✓ open standards

                   4
✓ open source
 ✓ open content
✓ open standards
   ✕Holland
                   4
✓ open source
 ✓ open content
✓ open standards
   ✕Holland
                   4
✓ open source
 ✓ open content
✓ open standards
   ✕Holland
                   4
✓ open source
 ✓ open content
✓ open standards
   ✕Holland
                   4
Open infrastructure
for access to
all learning resources


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Open infrastructure
for access to
all learning resources


                         5
Searchability




http://globe-info.org/
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Searchability




http://globe-info.org/
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networking, not taking over repositories
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                                           8
networking, not taking over repositories
                   8
                                           8
Open
Educational
Resources

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Open
Educational
Resources

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Open abundance

• standards based
 • as A4, sewage, lightbulb, ...
• no lock-in
• plug-and-play
• platform for innovation
...
Open abundance

• standards based
 • as A4, sewage, lightbulb, ...
• no lock-in
• plug-and-play
• platform for innovation
...
platform for innovation



                                        http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/hmdb/jt/infovis/images/gl...
platform for innovation



                                        http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/hmdb/jt/infovis/images/gl...
platform for innovation



                                        http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/hmdb/jt/infovis/images/gl...
platform for innovation



                                        http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/hmdb/jt/infovis/images/gl...
http://www.mace-project.eu/




                              13
http://www.mace-project.eu/




                              13
http://info.melt-project.eu/
                                       OAI - SQI
                                   Creative ...
http://info.melt-project.eu/
                                       OAI - SQI
                                   Creative ...
Do numbers matter?




        15
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Do numbers matter?




        15
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Do numbers matter?




   http://www.thelongtail.com/
                15
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The Snowflake Effect: open learning without barriers

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presented at OpenHolland Conference in Amsterdam on 12 June 2007

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The Snowflake Effect: open learning without barriers

  1. 1. The Snowflake Effect: open learning without barriers erik duval K.U.Leuven & ARIADNE http://www.cs.kuleuven.be/~erikd 1 1
  2. 2. 2 2
  3. 3. slogan warning! http://www.kinkyangel.co.uk/ 3
  4. 4. slogan warning! http://www.kinkyangel.co.uk/ 3
  5. 5. 4
  6. 6. 4
  7. 7. ✓ open source 4
  8. 8. ✓ open source 4
  9. 9. ✓ open source ✓ open content 4
  10. 10. ✓ open source ✓ open content 4
  11. 11. ✓ open source ✓ open content ✓ open standards 4
  12. 12. ✓ open source ✓ open content ✓ open standards 4
  13. 13. ✓ open source ✓ open content ✓ open standards ✕Holland 4
  14. 14. ✓ open source ✓ open content ✓ open standards ✕Holland 4
  15. 15. ✓ open source ✓ open content ✓ open standards ✕Holland 4
  16. 16. ✓ open source ✓ open content ✓ open standards ✕Holland 4
  17. 17. Open infrastructure for access to all learning resources 5
  18. 18. Open infrastructure for access to all learning resources 5
  19. 19. Searchability http://globe-info.org/ 6 6
  20. 20. Searchability http://globe-info.org/ 6 6
  21. 21. 7 7
  22. 22. 7 7
  23. 23. 8 8
  24. 24. 8 8
  25. 25. 8 8
  26. 26. 8 8
  27. 27. 8 8
  28. 28. 8 8
  29. 29. 8 8
  30. 30. 8 8
  31. 31. 8 8
  32. 32. 8 8
  33. 33. networking, not taking over repositories 8 8
  34. 34. networking, not taking over repositories 8 8
  35. 35. Open Educational Resources 9
  36. 36. Open Educational Resources 9
  37. 37. 10 10
  38. 38. 10 10
  39. 39. 10 10
  40. 40. 10 10
  41. 41. 10 10
  42. 42. 10 10
  43. 43. 10 10
  44. 44. 10 10
  45. 45. 10 10
  46. 46. 10 10
  47. 47. Open abundance • standards based • as A4, sewage, lightbulb, ... • no lock-in • plug-and-play • platform for innovation 11
  48. 48. Open abundance • standards based • as A4, sewage, lightbulb, ... • no lock-in • plug-and-play • platform for innovation 11
  49. 49. platform for innovation http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/hmdb/jt/infovis/images/globemash1.jpg hmdb/jt/infovis/images/globemash1.jpg 12
  50. 50. platform for innovation http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/hmdb/jt/infovis/images/globemash1.jpg hmdb/jt/infovis/images/globemash1.jpg 12
  51. 51. platform for innovation http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/hmdb/jt/infovis/images/globemash1.jpg hmdb/jt/infovis/images/globemash1.jpg 12
  52. 52. platform for innovation http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/hmdb/jt/infovis/images/globemash1.jpg hmdb/jt/infovis/images/globemash1.jpg 12
  53. 53. http://www.mace-project.eu/ 13
  54. 54. http://www.mace-project.eu/ 13
  55. 55. http://info.melt-project.eu/ OAI - SQI Creative Commons folksonomies €3.6M 37,593 resources and 97,200 assets EUN, ARIADNE Ministries: Austria, Catalonia, Hungary, Iceland, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden Commercial: UK, Germany, Iceland Danube University Krems (evaluation) Europese Hogeschool Brussel (school pilots) 14
  56. 56. http://info.melt-project.eu/ OAI - SQI Creative Commons folksonomies €3.6M 37,593 resources and 97,200 assets EUN, ARIADNE Ministries: Austria, Catalonia, Hungary, Iceland, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden Commercial: UK, Germany, Iceland Danube University Krems (evaluation) Europese Hogeschool Brussel (school pilots) 14
  57. 57. Do numbers matter? 15 15
  58. 58. Do numbers matter? 15 15
  59. 59. Do numbers matter? http://www.thelongtail.com/ 15 15
  60. 60. Do numbers matter? http://www.thelongtail.com/ 15 15
  61. 61. from scarcity to abundance 16 16
  62. 62. from scarcity to abundance 16 16
  63. 63. from scarcity to abundance a “better problem” paradox of choice 16 16
  64. 64. from scarcity to abundance a “better problem” paradox of choice 16 16
  65. 65. Better search? 17 17
  66. 66. Better search? 17 17
  67. 67. Better search? 17 17
  68. 68. Better search? 17 17
  69. 69. Better search? 17 17
  70. 70. Better search? 17 17
  71. 71. Better search? 17 17
  72. 72. Better search? 17 17
  73. 73. Better search? electronic forms must die! 17 17
  74. 74. Better search? electronic forms must die! 17 17
  75. 75. 18
  76. 76. 18
  77. 77. 19
  78. 78. 19
  79. 79. teachers you used last year 19
  80. 80. teachers you used last year 19
  81. 81. teachers new since last year you used last year 19
  82. 82. teachers new since last year you used last year 19
  83. 83. teachers other teachers like you... new since last year you used last year 19
  84. 84. teachers other teachers like you... new since last year you used last year 19
  85. 85. teachers used in this context other teachers like you... new since last year you used last year 19
  86. 86. teachers used in this context other teachers like you... new since last year you used last year 19
  87. 87. teachers also used by... used in this context other teachers like you... new since last year you used last year 19
  88. 88. teachers also used by... used in this context other teachers like you... new since last year you used last year 19
  89. 89. teachers learners also used by... used in this context other teachers like you... new since last year your peers you used have done last year this 19
  90. 90. teachers learners also used by... used in this context other teachers like you... new since last year your peers you used have done last year this 19
  91. 91. teachers learners also used by... used in this context other teachers like you... new since they last year asked ... your peers you used have done last year this 19
  92. 92. teachers learners also used by... used in this context other teachers like you... new since they last year asked ... your peers you used have done last year this 19
  93. 93. teachers learners also used by... used in this context other who is teachers doing this like you... now? new since they last year asked ... your peers you used have done last year this 19
  94. 94. teachers learners also used by... used in this context other who is teachers doing this like you... now? new since they last year asked ... your peers you used have done last year this 19
  95. 95. teachers learners also used by... used in learn this together? context other who is teachers doing this like you... now? new since they last year asked ... your peers you used have done last year this 19
  96. 96. teachers learners also used by... used in learn this together? context other who is teachers doing this like you... now? new since they last year asked ... your peers you used have done last year this 19
  97. 97. teachers learners thumbs also used up/down? by... used in learn this together? context other who is teachers doing this like you... now? new since they last year asked ... your peers you used have done last year this 19
  98. 98. teachers learners thumbs also used up/down? by... used in learn this together? context other who is teachers doing this like you... now? new since they last year asked ... your peers you used have done last year this 19
  99. 99. Open feedback 20 20
  100. 100. Open feedback 20 20
  101. 101. Open feedback Attention metadata http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/empirical/ 20 20
  102. 102. Open feedback Attention metadata http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/empirical/ 20 20
  103. 103. Open feedback Attention metadata http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/empirical/ 20 20
  104. 104. Open feedback Attention metadata http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/empirical/ 20 20
  105. 105. Open feedback Attention metadata http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/empirical/ 20 20
  106. 106. Open feedback Attention metadata http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/empirical/ 20 20
  107. 107. 1.Property 2.Mobility 3.Economy ransparency 4.T 21 21
  108. 108. 1.Property 2.Mobility 3.Economy ransparency 4.T 21 21
  109. 109. 1.Property 2.Mobility 3.Economy ransparency 4.T 21 21
  110. 110. 1.Property 2.Mobility 3.Economy ransparency 4.T 21 21
  111. 111. Open about what went wrong too! 22 22
  112. 112. Open about what went wrong too! 22 22
  113. 113. How about you? • “share and reuse” • “long tail” • “paradox of choice” • “snowflake effect” 23
  114. 114. How about you? • “share and reuse” • “long tail” • “paradox of choice” • “snowflake effect” 23
  115. 115. Questions? http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.ac.be/wordpress/eduval/ http://www.cs.kuleuven.be/~erikd Thanks! 24 24
  116. 116. Questions? http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.ac.be/wordpress/eduval/ http://www.cs.kuleuven.be/~erikd Thanks! 24 24
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