DevelopingAssessmentInstruments An Introduction
What is an Assessment Instrument ? An “assessment” is not just a test, but a range of items used to gauge a learner’s abilities and progress as well as quality of instruction in addition to evaluating the instructional mediums used
What is Criterion-Referenced Assessment? Criterion (or the plural version of criteria) is defined as: Criterion Example – • a standard on which a judgment or decision may be based Learners will • a characterizing mark or trait answer 85% of quiz Criterion-referenced assessments, also known as objective questions reference assessments, focus on measuring performance items correctly to associated with learner performance and instructional integrity. demonstrate mastery of Benchmarks, or specific levels of reference, are used to gauge the lesson change in performance, attitudes, and other measurable items. Remember to be clear when defining objectives and criteriahttp://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/criterion
Types of Criterion-Referenced TestsFour types of Criterion-Referenced Tests Used in Instructional Design Process Entry Skills Test Pretest Practice or Posttest Rehearsal Test Presented to Presented to Presented following learners before learners before Presented during the instructional instruction is instruction is the instructional provided provided Used to assess all Used to facilitate objectives and skills Assesses Gauge learner learner from the prerequisite skills mastery of material participation during instructional and help instructor instructionLearners may have to cater course Help to evaluate harder time material to meet Help to gauge instructionallearning material if needs of most learning and effectiveness and skills are lacking learners understanding learner knowledge (Dick, Carey & Carey, 2009)
Types of Test Item CriteriaTwo types of Test Item Criteria Used in Instructional Design Process Context-Centered Assessment-Centered (Dick, Carey & Carey, 2009)
Important NoteIt is important to promote learners to evaluatethemselves – quality of work and performance“Self-evaluation and self-refinement are two of the main goals of all instructionsince they can lead to independent learning.” (Dick, Carey & Carey, 2009)
Assessment Self-Reflection Think about how you have used assessments in the past to either gauge your personal knowledge andskill levels or to analyze the aptitudes of your learners Do you feel the assessments helped you to gain abetter understanding of your knowledge and that of your learners? If so, why, and if not, why not?
ReferencesImages • http://www.sxc.hu • http://shootingellie.blogspot.comContent • http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/criterion • Dick, W., Carey, L., & Carey, J. O. (2009). The systematic design of instruction. (7th ed., pp. 130-163). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.