Biofuels And Aviation


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about sustainable biomass supply and biofuels for aviation

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  • The scenario pays a great deal of attention to the sustainability of biomass in all aspects of the bioenergy supply chain. We considered carefully For crops Land use (cropland, biodiversity, human use) Irrigation For forests No disturbance of undisturbed forests Sustainable level of harvesting only Competing uses For residues Competing uses For all sources Sustinable processing and closed loop systems where possible And finally, biomass is only used as last resort, when ALL other options have been exhausted.
  • This is primarily due to passenger air travel demand and freight transport which cannot (yet) be shifted to rail / electric transport NB: travel volume 1 used as activitiy indicator includes large increase in travel volume per capita in ALL regions 1 IEA/SMP (2004). Model Documentation and Reference Case Projection for WBCSD’s Sustainable Mobility Project (SMP)
  • Biofuels And Aviation

    1. 1. Biofuels and aviation Achieving 2 million tons of biofuels use by 2020 Session I: the sustainable biomass supply chain Eric van den Heuvel 18 May 2011, Brussels Workshop Biofuels and Aviation, organised by Airbus and EC/DG Ener
    2. 2. 30 572 340 1540 1900% 450% Growth of international biofuel production and trade from 2000 to 2009 biodiesel (in PJ) bioethanol (in PJ) Source: P.Lamers, C.Hamelinck, M.Junginger, A.Faaij, 2011, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
    3. 3. 2000-09 period of steep growth of biofuels Source: P.Lamers, C.Hamelinck, M.Junginger, A.Faaij, 2011, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
    4. 4. NREAPS: comparison of 2020 estimates for bioethanol and biodiesel Million liters Graph by Ecofys, based on data ECN 2010 Ethanol Biodiesel 22 billion liters 12 billion liters Installed 2010 capacity Ethanol 7.3 billion liters Biodiesel 21.9 billion liters
    5. 5. Source: P.Lamers, C.Hamelinck, M.Junginger, A.Faaij, 2011, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews Global biodiesel trade
    6. 6. Source: P.Lamers, C.Hamelinck, M.Junginger, A.Faaij, 2011, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews Global bioethanol trade
    7. 7. Growth of biomass use for energy generation Pulp and Paper industry in 2006-2009 51% Source: Wood Resource Quarterly winter 2010 1500 1000 biomass in PJ) bought on market (in PJ) 100% increase Equal to 50 million tons biomass
    8. 8. 572 1540 2 million tons of biofuels for aviation in Europe by 2020 biodiesel bioethanol 86 PJ 2 Mton 1500 biomass in paper and pulp biofuels in aviation
    9. 9. <ul><li>Turbulent growth in last decade in 1 st generation biofuels for road transport </li></ul><ul><li>Similar pattern in other bioenergy-oriented sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Growth to 2020 will continue </li></ul><ul><li>Aviation jumps on ‘running train’… </li></ul><ul><li>… but needs 2 nd generation biofuels technology… </li></ul><ul><li>… and vice versa? </li></ul><ul><li>But: with ongoing growth in demand, demand for bioresources grows too.. </li></ul><ul><li>How to secure long term access? </li></ul>First ‘Take Away’
    10. 12. Bioenergy is last option for renewable energy supply and is subjected to strict sustainability criteria RESIDUES AND WASTE CROPS Bioenergy is only used after other renewable energy supply options have been exhausted Residues are used first, then comple-mentary fellings, then crops Sustainability is safeguarded through the bioenergy chain Non-bio renewable energy supply Bioenergy: Residues and waste Bioenergy: Energy crops COMPLE-MENTARY FELLINGS Bioenergy: Complementary fellings Source: Ecofys, 2011, The Energy Report Human development Rain-fed agriculture Biodiversity and carbon stock protection Food security Sustainability criteria Closed loop processing water use Sustainable nutrient use Sustainability criteria Closed loop processing water use Sustainability criteria Sustainable waste use Availability of residues Sustainability criteria Closed loop processing water use Sustainability criteria Use of sustainable share of traditional biomass Sustainable use of additional forest growth Sustainability criteria
    11. 13. Land potential for rain-fed agriculture of energy crops All values in millions of hectares (Mha) Source: Ecofys, 2011, The Energy Report
    12. 14. In The Energy Report largest contribution biomass in liquid fuel transport <ul><li>No major reduction of travel volume </li></ul><ul><li>Ambitious modal shifts towards efficient transport modes, e.g. from car to rail </li></ul><ul><li>Ambitious assumptions on efficiency improvements in existing technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Decisive shift to electric forms of transport , especially in passenger transport </li></ul><ul><li>Full transition to Renewable fuels: Biofuels </li></ul>Source: Ecofys, 2011, The Energy Report
    13. 15. Air Quality Let’s return from the future to Sustainability today Carbon Conservation Biodiversity Conservation Soil Conservation Sustainable Water Use Workers Rights and Working Relationships Land right issues and community relations
    14. 16. Responsible Cultivation Areas approach to detect unused land for sustainable biofuels +
    15. 17. Strategic evaluation of large scale sustainable bioenergy export from Mozambique Source: Ecofys, University of Utrecht, 2011 2030 Business cases to explore opportunities for bioenergy export to the Netherlands: - Ethanol from sugar cane - Wood pellets from plantation eucalyptus
    16. 18. <ul><li>Others step into sustainable sourcing as well: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Unilever </li></ul>
    17. 20. <ul><li>Long term perspectives for sufficient bioresources </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge to find today’s ready-to-fit resources </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability criteria are under continuous refining </li></ul><ul><li>Many others are stepping in sustainable sourcing for strategic reasons - doing to work for you! </li></ul><ul><li>Aviation must go for extended supply chain responsibility and transparency – unsustainable bioresources are no option </li></ul><ul><li>Does aviation need to make upstream steps to influence and establish ‘ground control’ - up to supplier’s suppliers? </li></ul>Another ‘Take Away’
    18. 21. First driver was technological challenge
    19. 22. Next driver will be the sustainable supply chain challenge
    20. 23. Thank you for your attention Please contact us for more information <ul><li>Ecofys </li></ul><ul><li>P.O. Box 8408 </li></ul><ul><li>3503 RK Utrecht </li></ul><ul><li>The Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>+31-30 662 3851 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>