Verbal  Phrases
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Verbal Phrases

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This presentation is all about verbal phrases..

This presentation is all about verbal phrases..

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    Verbal  Phrases Verbal Phrases Presentation Transcript

    • VERBAL PHRASES Mr. Ericson P. Cabrera
      • Identify the function of the underlined phrase…. Number your paper from 1 – 10.
      Get one whole sheet of long pad and answer the following items.
    • A for Adjective
      • The young writer having sold her first story , her mentor decided to throw her a party.
      • When the game was over , the players gathered for a celebration.
      • We plan to move to a bigger city, since career opportunities are rare here.
      • Becoming an astronaut requires a college education.
      • Space colonies will have special areas for raising food crops .
      • Carlo’s interest seems to be the role of plants in the food chain .
      • Cerdric goes to the laboratory to study botany .
      • Maple trees, to name one example , do not usually grow in mountainous areas.
      • Astronauts enjoy exploring outer space .
      • Plans for the mission include using robots .
      B for Noun C for Adverb
      • Introduction
      • Gerund Phrases
      • Participial Phrases
      • Infinitive Phrases
      Verbal Phrases
      • What is verbal?
      • What is a verbal phrase?
      Introduction
    • Verbal and Verbal Phrase
      • A verbal is a noun or adjective formed from a verb .
      • The verbal phrase is composed of a verbal, an object or a subject, and in some cases, a modifier. Each component may be a word or a clause but when put together, functions as a unit.
      Gerund Participial Infinitive Sing = Singing Learn = Learned Man Dance = To dance
    • Gerund Phrases
    • Gerund Phrase
      • Gerund phrase is a verb form in –ing
      • function as a noun
      • subject, subject complement, direct object or object of the preposition.
    • Gerund Phrases
      • Subject
      • Finding a needle in a haystack would be easier than what we're trying to do.
      • Subject Complement
      • Newt's favorite tactic has been lying to his constituents .
      • Object of the Preposition
      • You might get in trouble for faking an illness to avoid work .
    • Gerund Phrases
      • A gerund is a verbal ending in -ing that is used as a noun.
      • A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s).
    • Participial Phrases
    • Participle
      • A participle is a verb form that functions as an adjective.
      • Present participles end in –ing
      • Past participles end in -ed, -en, -d, -t, or -n
      • Examples:
      • The crying baby had a wet diaper.
      • Shaken, he walked away from the wrecked car.
    • Participial Phrases
      • Participial phrase functions as a modifier in the sentence.
      • Examples:
      • Beginning Monday, there will be an adjustment in the duration of classes.
      • Removing his coat , Jack rushed to the river.
      • Children introduced to music early develop strong intellectual skills.
    • Participial Phrases
      • 1. A participle is a verbal ending in -ing (present) or -ed, -en, -d, -t, or -n (past) that functions as an adjective, modifying a noun or pronoun.
      • 2. A participial phrase consists of a participle plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s).
      • 3. Participles and participial phrases must be placed as close to the nouns or pronouns they modify as possible, and those nouns or pronouns must be clearly stated.
    • Infinitive Phrases
    • Infinitive Phrases
      • An infinitive is made from the base form of the verb, which is nearly always preceded by the word to .
      • to + verb
      • An infinitive phrase may function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
    • Infinitive Phrases
      • Subject and Complement
      • To keep one’s nose to grindstone is to limit one’s view of life .
      • Direct object
      • We intended to leave early .
      • Adjective
      • I have a paper to write before class .
      • Adverb
      • Ian came to see what he could see .
    • Let me test your knowledge…
      • For 4 minutes
      Seatwork 1
    • Identify the participial phrase(s) in each of the following sentences .
      • 1. Getting up at five, we got an early start.
      • 2. Facing college standards, the students realized that they hadn't worked hard enough in high school.
      • 3. Statistics reported by the National Education Association revealed that seventy percent of American colleges offer remedial English classes emphasizing composition.
      • 4. The overloaded car gathered speed slowly.
      • 5. Gathering my courage, I asked for a temporary loan.
      • 6. Having been a gymnast, Lynn knew the importance of exercise.
      • For 4 minutes
      Seatwork 2
    • Underline the gerunds or gerund phrases in the following sentences
      • 1. Swimming keeps me in shape.
      • 2. Swimming in your pool is always fun.
      • 3. Telling your father was a mistake.
      • 4. The college recommends sending applications early.
      • 5. He won the game by scoring during the overtime period.
      • 6. Her most important achievement was winning the national championship.
      • 7. Going to work today took all my energy.
      • 8. Fighting for a losing cause made them depressed.
      • For 1 minute
      Seatwork 3
    • Write YES for infinitive and No for prepositional phrase
      • to the committee
      • to draw
      • to become
      • to enter
      • to my house