Verbal Phrases


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Verbal Phrases

  1. 1. VERBAL PHRASES Mr. Ericson P. Cabrera
  2. 2. <ul><li>Identify the function of the underlined phrase…. Number your paper from 1 – 10. </li></ul>Get one whole sheet of long pad and answer the following items.
  3. 3. A for Adjective <ul><li>The young writer having sold her first story , her mentor decided to throw her a party. </li></ul><ul><li>When the game was over , the players gathered for a celebration. </li></ul><ul><li>We plan to move to a bigger city, since career opportunities are rare here. </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming an astronaut requires a college education. </li></ul><ul><li>Space colonies will have special areas for raising food crops . </li></ul><ul><li>Carlo’s interest seems to be the role of plants in the food chain . </li></ul><ul><li>Cerdric goes to the laboratory to study botany . </li></ul><ul><li>Maple trees, to name one example , do not usually grow in mountainous areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Astronauts enjoy exploring outer space . </li></ul><ul><li>Plans for the mission include using robots . </li></ul>B for Noun C for Adverb
  4. 4. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Gerund Phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Participial Phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Infinitive Phrases </li></ul>Verbal Phrases
  5. 5. <ul><li>What is verbal? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a verbal phrase? </li></ul>Introduction
  6. 6. Verbal and Verbal Phrase <ul><li>A verbal is a noun or adjective formed from a verb . </li></ul><ul><li>The verbal phrase is composed of a verbal, an object or a subject, and in some cases, a modifier. Each component may be a word or a clause but when put together, functions as a unit. </li></ul>Gerund Participial Infinitive Sing = Singing Learn = Learned Man Dance = To dance
  7. 7. Gerund Phrases
  8. 8. Gerund Phrase <ul><li>Gerund phrase is a verb form in –ing </li></ul><ul><li>function as a noun </li></ul><ul><li>subject, subject complement, direct object or object of the preposition. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gerund Phrases <ul><li>Subject </li></ul><ul><li>Finding a needle in a haystack would be easier than what we're trying to do. </li></ul><ul><li>Subject Complement </li></ul><ul><li>Newt's favorite tactic has been lying to his constituents . </li></ul><ul><li>Object of the Preposition </li></ul><ul><li>You might get in trouble for faking an illness to avoid work . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gerund Phrases <ul><li>A gerund is a verbal ending in -ing that is used as a noun. </li></ul><ul><li>A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). </li></ul>
  11. 11. Participial Phrases
  12. 12. Participle <ul><li>A participle is a verb form that functions as an adjective. </li></ul><ul><li>Present participles end in –ing </li></ul><ul><li>Past participles end in -ed, -en, -d, -t, or -n </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>The crying baby had a wet diaper. </li></ul><ul><li>Shaken, he walked away from the wrecked car. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Participial Phrases <ul><li>Participial phrase functions as a modifier in the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning Monday, there will be an adjustment in the duration of classes. </li></ul><ul><li>Removing his coat , Jack rushed to the river. </li></ul><ul><li>Children introduced to music early develop strong intellectual skills. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Participial Phrases <ul><li>1. A participle is a verbal ending in -ing (present) or -ed, -en, -d, -t, or -n (past) that functions as an adjective, modifying a noun or pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>2. A participial phrase consists of a participle plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). </li></ul><ul><li>3. Participles and participial phrases must be placed as close to the nouns or pronouns they modify as possible, and those nouns or pronouns must be clearly stated. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Infinitive Phrases
  16. 16. Infinitive Phrases <ul><li>An infinitive is made from the base form of the verb, which is nearly always preceded by the word to . </li></ul><ul><li>to + verb </li></ul><ul><li>An infinitive phrase may function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Infinitive Phrases <ul><li>Subject and Complement </li></ul><ul><li>To keep one’s nose to grindstone is to limit one’s view of life . </li></ul><ul><li>Direct object </li></ul><ul><li>We intended to leave early . </li></ul><ul><li>Adjective </li></ul><ul><li>I have a paper to write before class . </li></ul><ul><li>Adverb </li></ul><ul><li>Ian came to see what he could see . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Let me test your knowledge…
  19. 19. <ul><li>For 4 minutes </li></ul>Seatwork 1
  20. 20. Identify the participial phrase(s) in each of the following sentences . <ul><li>1. Getting up at five, we got an early start. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Facing college standards, the students realized that they hadn't worked hard enough in high school. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Statistics reported by the National Education Association revealed that seventy percent of American colleges offer remedial English classes emphasizing composition. </li></ul><ul><li>4. The overloaded car gathered speed slowly. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Gathering my courage, I asked for a temporary loan. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Having been a gymnast, Lynn knew the importance of exercise. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>For 4 minutes </li></ul>Seatwork 2
  22. 22. Underline the gerunds or gerund phrases in the following sentences <ul><li>1. Swimming keeps me in shape. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Swimming in your pool is always fun. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Telling your father was a mistake. </li></ul><ul><li>4. The college recommends sending applications early. </li></ul><ul><li>5. He won the game by scoring during the overtime period. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Her most important achievement was winning the national championship. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Going to work today took all my energy. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Fighting for a losing cause made them depressed. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>For 1 minute </li></ul>Seatwork 3
  24. 24. Write YES for infinitive and No for prepositional phrase <ul><li>to the committee </li></ul><ul><li>to draw </li></ul><ul><li>to become </li></ul><ul><li>to enter </li></ul><ul><li>to my house </li></ul>