Verbal  Phrases
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This presentation is all about verbal phrases..

This presentation is all about verbal phrases..

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Verbal Phrases Presentation Transcript

  • 1. VERBAL PHRASES Mr. Ericson P. Cabrera
  • 2.
    • Identify the function of the underlined phrase…. Number your paper from 1 – 10.
    Get one whole sheet of long pad and answer the following items.
  • 3. A for Adjective
    • The young writer having sold her first story , her mentor decided to throw her a party.
    • When the game was over , the players gathered for a celebration.
    • We plan to move to a bigger city, since career opportunities are rare here.
    • Becoming an astronaut requires a college education.
    • Space colonies will have special areas for raising food crops .
    • Carlo’s interest seems to be the role of plants in the food chain .
    • Cerdric goes to the laboratory to study botany .
    • Maple trees, to name one example , do not usually grow in mountainous areas.
    • Astronauts enjoy exploring outer space .
    • Plans for the mission include using robots .
    B for Noun C for Adverb
  • 4.
    • Introduction
    • Gerund Phrases
    • Participial Phrases
    • Infinitive Phrases
    Verbal Phrases
  • 5.
    • What is verbal?
    • What is a verbal phrase?
    Introduction
  • 6. Verbal and Verbal Phrase
    • A verbal is a noun or adjective formed from a verb .
    • The verbal phrase is composed of a verbal, an object or a subject, and in some cases, a modifier. Each component may be a word or a clause but when put together, functions as a unit.
    Gerund Participial Infinitive Sing = Singing Learn = Learned Man Dance = To dance
  • 7. Gerund Phrases
  • 8. Gerund Phrase
    • Gerund phrase is a verb form in –ing
    • function as a noun
    • subject, subject complement, direct object or object of the preposition.
  • 9. Gerund Phrases
    • Subject
    • Finding a needle in a haystack would be easier than what we're trying to do.
    • Subject Complement
    • Newt's favorite tactic has been lying to his constituents .
    • Object of the Preposition
    • You might get in trouble for faking an illness to avoid work .
  • 10. Gerund Phrases
    • A gerund is a verbal ending in -ing that is used as a noun.
    • A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s).
  • 11. Participial Phrases
  • 12. Participle
    • A participle is a verb form that functions as an adjective.
    • Present participles end in –ing
    • Past participles end in -ed, -en, -d, -t, or -n
    • Examples:
    • The crying baby had a wet diaper.
    • Shaken, he walked away from the wrecked car.
  • 13. Participial Phrases
    • Participial phrase functions as a modifier in the sentence.
    • Examples:
    • Beginning Monday, there will be an adjustment in the duration of classes.
    • Removing his coat , Jack rushed to the river.
    • Children introduced to music early develop strong intellectual skills.
  • 14. Participial Phrases
    • 1. A participle is a verbal ending in -ing (present) or -ed, -en, -d, -t, or -n (past) that functions as an adjective, modifying a noun or pronoun.
    • 2. A participial phrase consists of a participle plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s).
    • 3. Participles and participial phrases must be placed as close to the nouns or pronouns they modify as possible, and those nouns or pronouns must be clearly stated.
  • 15. Infinitive Phrases
  • 16. Infinitive Phrases
    • An infinitive is made from the base form of the verb, which is nearly always preceded by the word to .
    • to + verb
    • An infinitive phrase may function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
  • 17. Infinitive Phrases
    • Subject and Complement
    • To keep one’s nose to grindstone is to limit one’s view of life .
    • Direct object
    • We intended to leave early .
    • Adjective
    • I have a paper to write before class .
    • Adverb
    • Ian came to see what he could see .
  • 18. Let me test your knowledge…
  • 19.
    • For 4 minutes
    Seatwork 1
  • 20. Identify the participial phrase(s) in each of the following sentences .
    • 1. Getting up at five, we got an early start.
    • 2. Facing college standards, the students realized that they hadn't worked hard enough in high school.
    • 3. Statistics reported by the National Education Association revealed that seventy percent of American colleges offer remedial English classes emphasizing composition.
    • 4. The overloaded car gathered speed slowly.
    • 5. Gathering my courage, I asked for a temporary loan.
    • 6. Having been a gymnast, Lynn knew the importance of exercise.
  • 21.
    • For 4 minutes
    Seatwork 2
  • 22. Underline the gerunds or gerund phrases in the following sentences
    • 1. Swimming keeps me in shape.
    • 2. Swimming in your pool is always fun.
    • 3. Telling your father was a mistake.
    • 4. The college recommends sending applications early.
    • 5. He won the game by scoring during the overtime period.
    • 6. Her most important achievement was winning the national championship.
    • 7. Going to work today took all my energy.
    • 8. Fighting for a losing cause made them depressed.
  • 23.
    • For 1 minute
    Seatwork 3
  • 24. Write YES for infinitive and No for prepositional phrase
    • to the committee
    • to draw
    • to become
    • to enter
    • to my house