• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
A few possibilities for librarianship by 2015
 

A few possibilities for librarianship by 2015

on

  • 729 views

The library profession is at a cross roads. Computer technology coupled with the Internet have changed the way content is created, maintained, evaluated, and distributed. While the core principles of ...

The library profession is at a cross roads. Computer technology coupled with the Internet have changed the way content is created, maintained, evaluated, and distributed. While the core principles of librarianship (collection, organization, preservation, and dissemination) are still very much apropos to the current milieu, the exact tasks of the profession are not as necessary as they once were. What is a librarian to do? In my opinion, there are three choices: 1) creating services against content as opposed to simply providing access to it, 2) curating collections that are unique to our local institutions, or 3) providing sets of services that are a combination of #1 and #2. This presentation elaborates on these ideas and demonstrates some of the possibilities.

The most complete version of this presentation is located at http://infomotions.com/musings/future-2015/

Statistics

Views

Total Views
729
Views on SlideShare
721
Embed Views
8

Actions

Likes
3
Downloads
8
Comments
0

3 Embeds 8

http://www.linkedin.com 4
http://www.lmodules.com 3
https://www.linkedin.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    A few possibilities for librarianship by 2015 A few possibilities for librarianship by 2015 Document Transcript

    • 5(60.(7%##"8"4"$"0#(6%&(4"8&+&"+,#*"7(8'(9:;<( $ !"#$%&'()(*$+(,-#..&,/$&.$)0$)$1(,..$(,)2.3$4,5+60#($ +60$,/$0"#$<#'$)/2$'#1,5#.$)11#..&'%#$8&0",60$0"#$ 0#1"/,%,7*$1,6+%#2$8&0"$0"#$9/0#(/#0$"):#$1")/7#2$ /##2$,-$1)0)%,7&/73$9/2#@&/7$0#1"/,%,7*$").$5)06(#2$ 0"#$8)*$1,/0#/0$&.$1(#)0#2;$5)&/0)&/#2;$#:)%6)0#2;$)/2$ )/2$Z(#%#:)/1*$()/A#2[$,60+60$").$'#1,5#$0"#$/,(53$ 2&.0(&'60#23$<"&%#$0"#$1,(#$+(&/1&+%#.$,-$%&'()(&)/."&+$ ],($'#00#($,($-,($8,(.#;$+#,+%#^.$#@+#10)0&,/.$"):#$ =1,%%#10&,/;$,(7)/&>)0&,/;$+(#.#(:)0&,/;$)/2$ 1")/7#2;$)/2$_,,7%#$").$'#1,5#$0"#$7,%2$.0)/2)(23$ 2&..#5&/)0&,/?$)(#$.0&%%$:#(*$561"$)+(,+,.$0,$0"#$ $ 16((#/0$5&%&#6;$0"#$#@)10$0).A.$,-$0"#$+(,-#..&,/$)(#$ )*+$#(+,-(*%.#( /,0$).$/#1#..)(*$).$0"#*$,/1#$8#(#3$<")0$&.$)$%&'()(&)/$ $ 0,$2,B$9/$5*$,+&/&,/;$0"#(#$)(#$0"(##$1",&1#.C$D?$ J0$&0.$1#/0#(;$0"#$%&'()(*$+(,-#..&,/$+(,:&2#.$-,6($ 1(#)0&/7$.#(:&1#.$)7)&/.0$1,/0#/0$).$,++,.#2$0,$.&5+%*$ .#(:&1#.$)7)&/.0$2)0)$)/2$&/-,(5)0&,/$-,($&0.$1%&#/0#%#C$ +(,:&2&/7$)11#..$0,$&0;$E?$16()0&/7$1,%%#10&,/.$0")0$)(#$ D?$1,%%#10&,/;$E?$,(7)/&>)0&,/;$G?$+(#.#(:)0&,/;$)/2$`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
    •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a#(#$)(#$.,5#$)/.8#(.;$#@#5+%&-&#2$'*$ .+#1&)%$1,%%#10&,/.$L$)(#$0"&/7.$6/&F6#$0,$#)1"$,-$,6($ )10&,/$:#('.C$)22$0,$5*$1,%%#10&,/;$)//,0)0#;$1&0#;$ %&'()(&#.3$!"#*$(#+(#.#/0$/&1"#.$8#$1)/$-&%%$)/2$8"#(#$ 1,5+)(#$b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d,(0)'&%&0*3$V6()'&%&0*3$!#1"/,%,7&1)%%*$ ,6($A/,8%#27#$,-$",8$&/-,(5)0&,/$&.$6.#2;$0"#$%&'()(*$ &/2#+#/2#/03$95560)'&%&0*3$R/#/165'#(#2$'*$ +(,-#..&,/$1)/$1(#)0#$0,,%.$0,$5)A#$&/-,(5)0&,/$5,(#$ %&1#/.&/73$],($0"#.#$(#).,/.$0"#(#$8&%%$'#$.0&%%$'#$/##2.$ 5#)/&/7-6%;$5,(#$6.#-6%;$)/2$5,(#$8&0"&/$0"#$1,/0#@0$ -,($%&'()(&#.$0,$.*.0#5)0&1)%%*$1,%%#10;$,(7)/&>#;$ ,-$,6($6.#(.3$4,%%#10&,/.$8&0",60$.#(:&1#.$)(#$6.#%#..c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e,0(#$V)5#$ $ $ S&5&%)(%*;$%&'()(&#.$)/2$)(1"&:#.$,-0#/$",6.#$.#0.$,-$ e,:#5'#($DX;$ETTM$ ()(#;$6/&F6#;$)/2$&/-(#F6#/0%*$"#%2$5)0#(&)%.3$!"#.#$ 0"&/7.$5&7"0$'#$5#2&#:)%$5)/6.1(&+0.;$0"#$ 6/+6'%&."#2$+)+#(.$,-$)$.1",%)(;$,($#:#/$.+,(0.$