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Setting up Storage Features in Windows Server 2012
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Setting up Storage Features in Windows Server 2012

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In this session, i have presented on how to configure High Availability Storage Space and Scale Out File Server.

In this session, i have presented on how to configure High Availability Storage Space and Scale Out File Server.

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  • Inbox Solution ProvidesPoolingThin provisioningResiliencySimple SpaceMirror SpaceParity SpaceCluster Supports SpacesNot For Parity Spaces
  • Resilient storageMirror spaces with dirty region trackingParity spaces with integrated journalingRapid recovery via per-pool hot spares
  • Single 10 GbE network adapter. Each computer is configured with a 10 GbE network adapter, which is RSS-capable or RDMA-capable.Dual 1 GbE network adapters configured in a team. Each computer is configured with two 1 gigabit Ethernet network adapters in a load balancing and failover environment, also known as a network adapter team.Dual 1 GbE network adapters. Each computer is configured with dual 1 gigabit Ethernet network adapters.Dual 10 GbE network adapters. Each computer is configured with dual 10 GbE network adapters. These adapters could also be RSS-capable and/or RDMA-capable.Dual Infiniband network adapters. Each computer is configured with dual Infiniband network adapters. These adapters are typically RDMA-capable.You should ensure that the cluster node name is registered by using DNS dynamic update protocol. This should include the name of the Scale-Out File Server and the IP addresses of all of the network adapters in every cluster node on the client network.RSS-capable and/or RDMA-capable network adapters, you can verify that these capabilities are being properly detected.Make sure both Allow cluster network communication on this network and the checkbox next to Allow clients to connect through this network are selected.
  • File Server & Failover Clustering
  • Configure constraint delegation in Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in. When enabled, constrained delegation gives you the ability to use a specific SMB remote file share without requiring you to perform an action on any computer. Constrained delegation tells Active Directory Users and Computers that between two computers, (in this case, the Hyper-V server and the SMB file server), and for specific services, (in this case, SMB), it is allowed to re-issue access to the resources.
  • Non-disruptive testing of workload – zero downtimeTest any recovery pointPre-configure isolated network
  • Log on to the server as a member of the local Administrators group.Click Start, type Failover Cluster, and then click Failover Cluster Manager.Right-click the cluster, and then click Configure Role.On the Before You Begin page, click Next.On the Select Role page, click File Server, and then click Next.On the File Server Type page, select the Scale-Out File Server for application data option, and then click Next.On the Client Access Point page, in the Name box, type a NETBIOS name that will be used to access Scale-Out File Server, and then click Next.On the Confirmation page, confirm your settings, and then click Next.On the Summary page, click Finish.
  • You must create a file share on the cluster shared volume by using Failover Cluster Manager.To create a continuously available file share on the cluster shared volumeLog on to the server as a member of the local Administrators group.Click Start, type Failover Cluster, and then click Failover Cluster Manager.Expand the cluster, and then click Roles.Right-click the file server role, and then click Add File Share.On the Select the profile for this share page, click SMB Share – Applications, and then click Next.On the Select the server and path for this share page, click the cluster shared volume, and then click Next.On the Specify share name page, in the Share name box, type a name, and then click Next.On the Configure share settings page, ensure that the Enable continuous availability check box is selected, and then click Next.NoteYou should not use access-based enumeration on file shares for Scale-Out File Server because of the increased metadata traffic that is generated on the coordinator node.On the Specify permissions to control access page, click Customize permissions, grant the following permissions, and then click Next:If you are using this Scale-Out File Server file share for Hyper-V, all Hyper-V computer accounts, the SYSTEM account, and all Hyper-V administrators must be granted full control on the share and the file system.If you are using Scale-Out File Server on Microsoft SQL Server, the SQL Server service account must be granted full control on the share and the file system.On the Confirm selections page, click Create.On the View results page, click Close.
  • You must create a file share on the cluster shared volume by using Failover Cluster Manager.To create a continuously available file share on the cluster shared volumeLog on to the server as a member of the local Administrators group.Click Start, type Failover Cluster, and then click Failover Cluster Manager.Expand the cluster, and then click Roles.Right-click the file server role, and then click Add File Share.On the Select the profile for this share page, click SMB Share – Applications, and then click Next.On the Select the server and path for this share page, click the cluster shared volume, and then click Next.On the Specify share name page, in the Share name box, type a name, and then click Next.On the Configure share settings page, ensure that the Enable continuous availability check box is selected, and then click Next.NoteYou should not use access-based enumeration on file shares for Scale-Out File Server because of the increased metadata traffic that is generated on the coordinator node.On the Specify permissions to control access page, click Customize permissions, grant the following permissions, and then click Next:If you are using this Scale-Out File Server file share for Hyper-V, all Hyper-V computer accounts, the SYSTEM account, and all Hyper-V administrators must be granted full control on the share and the file system.If you are using Scale-Out File Server on Microsoft SQL Server, the SQL Server service account must be granted full control on the share and the file system.On the Confirm selections page, click Create.On the View results page, click Close.
  • og on to the server as a member of the local Administrators group.Open Windows Explorer and navigate to the shared folder.Right-click the folder, and then click Properties.Click the Sharing tab, click Advanced Sharing, and then click Permissions.Ensure that the Hyper-V computer accounts, the SYSTEM account, and all Hyper-V administrators have full control permissions.Click OK twice.Click the Security tab.Ensure that the Hyper-V computer accounts, the SYSTEM account, and all Hyper-V administrators have full control permissions.

Setting up Storage Features in Windows Server 2012 Setting up Storage Features in Windows Server 2012 Presentation Transcript

  • MVP Virtual Machinewww.ms4u.info | laiys@redynamics.comRedynamics Asia System Management
  • Objective &  Setup Storage SpacesKey  Setup Scale Out File ServerTakeaway
  • Practical ApproachSetup StorageSpacesLai Yoong SengMVP Virtual Machine | www.ms4u.info
  • Physical orVirtualized Servers File and Storage Manager ReFS & NTFS SMB v3 RDMAWindows Server 2012Capabilities Failover Clustering & CSV v2 Hyper-V Storage Mgmt. PowerShellVirtualized ResilientStorageCost-efficient sharedSAS JBOD arrays
  • Resilient Spaces Mirror Parity Mirror Mirror Mirror Parity Mirror Mirror Space Space Space Space Space Space Space Space Resiliency toIndustry standard Drive Failurestorage Hot Spare
  • Gold Silver BronzeEffectively Diverse spaces for diverseUtilize workloadsHardware Finance ERP Home Archive Space Space Space SpaceInvestment Industry standard commodity storage Solid state 15K RPM 7200 RPM
  • 1  Requirements
  • Min 3 physical disk More than 4GB each physical diskHardware Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)Requirements RAID
  • Fixed ProvisioningSimple and Mirror Storage Spaces Storage SpacesDedicated for Pool RequirementsNTFS
  • 2  Configure Storage Pool
  • Step 2:- Configure Cluster Storage Pool Create Storage Pool
  • Step 2:- Configure Cluster Storage Pool √ Install Roles and Features
  • Step 2:- Configure Cluster Storage Pool √ Install Roles and Features √ Create a Cluster
  • Step 2:- Configure Cluster Storage Pool √ Install Roles and Features √ Create a Cluster √ Create Virtual Disk and specify Storage Layout
  • Step 2:- Configure Cluster Storage Pool √ Install Roles and Features √ Create a Cluster √ Create Virtual Disk and specify Storage Layout √ Provisioning Types
  • Extend Virtual DiskResiliency toDrive Failure Extend Volume
  • Practical ApproachSetup Scale Out FileServerLai Yoong SengMVP Virtual Machine | www.ms4u.info
  • Supporting FeaturesSMB Transparent Failover -Continuous availability SQL SQL Server ServerSMB Scale-Out –Active/Active file server IIS IISclusters VDI VDISMB Direct (SMB over Deskto DesktoRDMA) - Low latency, low Hyper-V p Hyper-V p Hyper-V Hyper-V Hyper-V Hyper-VCPU useSMB Multichannel – LAB-FSSCALEShareNetwork throughput and File File Server ServerfailoverSMB Encryption - Security SharedVSS for SMB File Shares - StorageBackup and restore
  • Handling Permanent Network Failure Multichannel: - Transparently Uses Alternate Network Path
  • Handling File Server Node Failure Continuous Availability - Transparently Fails Over Share To Different File Server File Server File Server Node A Node B Clustered
  • Handling Hyper-V Node Failure Clustered Cluster Client Failover (CCF) - VMs communicate identity - Enables Quick Recovery File Server
  • Overview of Steps Step 1: Step 2: Step 3: Step 4: Planning Install Pre- Configure Configure requisite Scale Out File Hyper-V to Use Server Scale Out
  • 1  Planning
  • Step 1:- PlanningStorage Network Validate Storage Configuration Same Network Adapter (2) NTFS Enough Network Bandwidth for CSV redirection Cluster Shared Volume DNS Dynamic update protocol Loopback Share
  • Hyper-V over SMB - File Server ConfigurationsSingle-node File Server  Lowest cost for shared storage  Shares not continuously available Hyper-V Parent 1 Hyper-V Parent N Child 1 Child N Config Config VHD Disk VHD Disk Share1 Share2 Disk Disk File Server A
  • Hyper-V over SMB - File Server ConfigurationsSingle-node File Server Dual-node File Server  Lowest cost for shared storage  Shares not continuously available  Low cost for continuously available shared storage  Limited scalability (up to a few hundred disks) Hyper-V Parent 1 Hyper-V Parent N Hyper-V Parent 1 Hyper-V Parent N Child 1 Child N Child 1 Child N Config Config Config Config VHD Disk VHD Disk Disk Disk VHD VHD Share1 Share2 Share1 Share2 Share1 Share2 Disk Disk File Server 1 File Server 2 File Server Disk Disk Disk Disk Shared SAS Storage A B
  • Hyper-V over SMB - File Server ConfigurationsSingle-node File Server Dual-node File Server Multi-node File Server  Lowest cost for shared storage  Low cost for continuously  Highest scalability  Shares not continuously available shared storage (up to thousands of disks) available  Limited scalability (up to a few hundred disks)  Higher cost, but still lower than connecting all Hyper-V hosts with FC Hyper-V Parent 1 Hyper-V Parent N Hyper-V Parent 1 Hyper-V Parent N Hyper-V Parent 1 Hyper-V Parent N Child 1 Child N Child 1 Child N Child 1 Child N Config Config Config Config Config Config VHD Disk VHD Disk Disk Disk Disk Disk VHD VHD VHD VHD Share1 Share2 Share1 Share2 Share1 Share2 Share1 Share2 Share3 Share4 Disk Disk File Server 1 File Server 2 FS 1 FS 2 FS 3 FS 4 File Server Disk Disk Disk Disk Disk Disk Disk Disk Disk Disk Disk Shared SAS Storage Fibre Channel Storage Array A B C
  • 2  Install Pre-requisite
  • Step 2:- Install Pre-requisite
  • Step 2:- Install Pre-requisite √ Install Roles and Features
  • Step 2:- Install Pre-requisite √ Install Roles and Features √ Create a Cluster
  • Step 2:- Install Pre-requisite √ Install Roles and Features √ Create a Cluster √ Add Storage to Cluster Shared Volume
  • 3  Configure Scale Out File Server
  • Step 3:- Configure Scale Out File Server
  • Step 3:- Configure Scale Out File Server √ Configure File Server Role
  • Step 3:- Configure Scale Out File Server √ Configure File Server Role
  • Step 3:- Configure Scale Out File Server Full permissions on NTFS folder and SMB share for Hyper-V Administrator Computer Account of Hyper-V hosts If Hyper-V is clustered, the Hyper-V Cluster Account (CNO)
  • 4  Configure Hyper-V to Use Scale Out File Server
  • Step 4:- Configure Hyper-V to Use theScale Out File Server LAB-FSSCALESMBFSVM1.vhd
  • Summary
  • Q&A Join us ! Malaysia Virtualization User Group (MVUG) https://www.facebook.com/groups/mvuggroup/ or go to Facebook, search “MVUG” Windows Server 2012 Storage Resources:- Configure Cluster Storage Spaces – http://blogs.msdn.com/b/clustering/archive/2012/06/02/10314262.aResources spx Configure Scale Out File Server- http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh831349.aspx
  • Home PC Backup SoftwareGiveaway Email to ms4u@outlook.com with the subject “2nd Session Windows Server 2012 Malaysia Roadshow Giveaway”
  • Thank you